Arduino Forum upgrade scheduled for Monday, October 20th, 11am-4pm (CEST). Sorry for the inconvenience!
Pages: [1]   Go Down
Author Topic: Loading a picture from SD card to a webpage  (Read 7121 times)
0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.
0
Offline Offline
Newbie
*
Karma: 0
Posts: 3
Arduino rocks
View Profile
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

Could you advice me, how it's possible to load a picture from SD card to a webpage?

I have tried to make the web with Ethernet library and sdfatlib according to the basic Adafruit's tutorial:

Thanks in advance,
Jiri
Logged

Global Moderator
Netherlands
Offline Offline
Shannon Member
*****
Karma: 234
Posts: 14296
In theory there is no difference between theory and practice, however in practice there are many...
View Profile
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

Do you have some code to share or the URL of the Tutorial?
Logged

Rob Tillaart

Nederlandse sectie - http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/board,77.0.html -
(Please do not PM for private consultancy)

Lancashire, UK
Offline Offline
Edison Member
*
Karma: 9
Posts: 1991
View Profile
WWW
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

Kind of like emptying a bucket with a drinking straw  to transfer it to an external webpage using an arduino.  Seriously slow (geological time) if the arduino is hosting the website......
Logged


0
Offline Offline
Newbie
*
Karma: 0
Posts: 3
Arduino rocks
View Profile
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

I am using Arduino Mega and a new Ethernet Shield with MicroSD card.
There is my code from a tutorial:

Code:

// Tutorial is at http://www.ladyada.net/learn/arduino/ethfiles.html

#include <SdFat.h>       // Sdfatlib20101010
#include <SdFatUtil.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>
#include <SPI.h>
/************ ETHERNET STUFF ************/
byte mac[] = { 0x90, 0xA2, 0xDA, 0x00, 0x22, 0x54 };
byte ip[] = { 192, 168, 24, 22 };
Server server(80);

/************ SDCARD STUFF ************/
Sd2Card card;
SdVolume volume;
SdFile root;
SdFile file;

// store error strings in flash to save RAM
#define error(s) error_P(PSTR(s))

void error_P(const char* str) {
  PgmPrint("error: ");
  SerialPrintln_P(str);
  if (card.errorCode()) {
    PgmPrint("SD error: ");
    Serial.print(card.errorCode(), HEX);
    Serial.print(',');
    Serial.println(card.errorData(), HEX);
  }
  while(1);
}

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(57600);
 
  PgmPrint("Free RAM: ");
  Serial.println(FreeRam());  
  
  
  // initialize the SD card at SPI_HALF_SPEED to avoid bus errors with
  // breadboards.  use SPI_FULL_SPEED for better performance.
  pinMode(10, OUTPUT);                       // set the SS pin as an output (necessary!)
  digitalWrite(10, HIGH);                    // but turn off the W5100 chip!

  if (!card.init(SPI_HALF_SPEED, 4)) error("card.init failed!");
  
  // initialize a FAT volume
  if (!volume.init(&card)) error("vol.init failed!");

  PgmPrint("Volume is FAT");
  Serial.println(volume.fatType(),DEC);
  Serial.println();
  
  if (!root.openRoot(&volume)) error("openRoot failed");

  // list file in root with date and size
  PgmPrintln("Files found in root:");
  root.ls(LS_DATE | LS_SIZE);
  Serial.println();
  
  // Recursive list of all directories
  PgmPrintln("Files found in all dirs:");
  root.ls(LS_R);
  
  Serial.println();
  PgmPrintln("Done");
  
  // Debugging complete, we start the server!
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  server.begin();
}
  
void loop()
{
  Client client = server.available();
  if (client) {
    // an http request ends with a blank line
    boolean current_line_is_blank = true;
    while (client.connected()) {
      if (client.available()) {
        char c = client.read();
        // if we've gotten to the end of the line (received a newline
        // character) and the line is blank, the http request has ended,
        // so we can send a reply
        if (c == '\n' && current_line_is_blank) {
          // send a standard http response header
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();
          
        client.println("<h2>Picture:</h2>");
                  
          //================ PROBLEM HERE ==================
  // I need make something like this      
        client.print("<img src='pict1.gif'>");    
          
          
          // print all the files, use a helper to keep it clean
          //ListFiles(client, 0);
          client.println("<h2>Files:</h2>");
          ListFiles(client, 0);
          
          break;
        }
        if (c == '\n') {
          // we're starting a new line
          current_line_is_blank = true;
        } else if (c != '\r') {
          // we've gotten a character on the current line
          current_line_is_blank = false;
        }
      }
    }
    // give the web browser time to receive the data
    delay(1);
    client.stop();
  }
}  
  
  
  void ListFiles(Client client, uint8_t flags) {
  // This code is just copied from SdFile.cpp in the SDFat library
  // and tweaked to print to the client output in html!
  dir_t p;
  
  root.rewind();
  while (root.readDir(p) > 0) {
    // done if past last used entry
    if (p.name[0] == DIR_NAME_FREE) break;

    // skip deleted entry and entries for . and  ..
    if (p.name[0] == DIR_NAME_DELETED || p.name[0] == '.') continue;

    // only list subdirectories and files
    if (!DIR_IS_FILE_OR_SUBDIR(&p)) continue;
  

    // print file name with possible blank fill
    //root.printDirName(*p, flags & (LS_DATE | LS_SIZE) ? 14 : 0);


    for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 11; i++) {
      if (p.name[i] == ' ') continue;
      if (i == 8) {
        client.print('.');
      }
      client.print(p.name[i]);
    }
    if (DIR_IS_SUBDIR(&p)) {
      client.print('/');
    }

    // print modify date/time if requested
    if (flags & LS_DATE) {
       root.printFatDate(p.lastWriteDate);
       client.print(' ');
       root.printFatTime(p.lastWriteTime);
    }
    // print size if requested
    if (!DIR_IS_SUBDIR(&p) && (flags & LS_SIZE)) {
      client.print(' ');
      client.print(p.fileSize);
    }
    client.println("<br>");
  }
}
  

Logged

0
Offline Offline
Jr. Member
**
Karma: 0
Posts: 50
Arduino rocks
View Profile
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

But... that doesn't work of course. Anyone with that tiny tiny bit extra that gets the picture onto the web page?

Kevin
Logged

Holland
Offline Offline
Sr. Member
****
Karma: 0
Posts: 439
Arduino likes cookies too
View Profile
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

Check whether the page being loaded ends with the image extension, if so.. send the headers for image content and send the image as binary data.
Include the image in the page like you normally do for a webpage (tip: relative links are your friend).

Keep in mind that it may indeed be slow, but this does depend a bit on the image.
Tiny icons may be allright, though anything larger than a smiley will probably be too large to transfer through an arduino.
« Last Edit: December 03, 2010, 06:12:17 pm by Imahilus » Logged

0
Offline Offline
Newbie
*
Karma: 0
Posts: 4
Arduino rocks
View Profile
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

I've been working on this same problem, and finally got it to work.  The answer lies in defining the correct content type in your code, like this:

Code:
        client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          if (strstr(filename, ".htm") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".jpg") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: image/jpeg");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".gif") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: image/gif");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".3gp") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: video/mpeg");
         else
             client.println("Content-Type: text");
         client.println();
I think you should be able to extend this to any MIME type; you can find a comprehensive list with a little surfing.

With the above modification I can successfully load .jpg and .gif images from the SD card to a webpage.  It even works with videos several minutes in length (although this requires a long wait).

Assuming your .gif or .jpg files are stored in the root directory of your SD card, after modifying your sketch as shown above and uploading to the Arduino, your browser "get" request should be in the format 192.168.1.xxx/FILENAME.GIF, and the image should begin to load.

The full code is provided here:

Code:
#include <SPI.h>
#include <SdFat.h>
#include <SdFatUtil.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

/************ ETHERNET STUFF ************/
byte mac[] = { 0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
byte ip[] = { 192, 168, 1, 177 };
char rootFileName[] = "index.htm";
Server server(80);

/************ SDCARD STUFF ************/
Sd2Card card;
SdVolume volume;
SdFile root;
SdFile file;

// store error strings in flash to save RAM
#define error(s) error_P(PSTR(s))

void error_P(const char* str) {
  PgmPrint("error: ");
  SerialPrintln_P(str);
  if (card.errorCode()) {
    PgmPrint("SD error: ");
    Serial.print(card.errorCode(), HEX);
    Serial.print(',');
    Serial.println(card.errorData(), HEX);
  }
  while(1);
}

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
 
  PgmPrint("Free RAM: ");
  Serial.println(FreeRam());  
  
  // initialize the SD card at SPI_HALF_SPEED to avoid bus errors with
  // breadboards.  use SPI_FULL_SPEED for better performance.
  pinMode(10, OUTPUT);                       // set the SS pin as an output (necessary!)
  digitalWrite(10, HIGH);                    // but turn off the W5100 chip!

  if (!card.init(SPI_HALF_SPEED, 4)) error("card.init failed!");
  
  // initialize a FAT volume
  if (!volume.init(&card)) error("vol.init failed!");

  PgmPrint("Volume is FAT");
  Serial.println(volume.fatType(),DEC);
  Serial.println();
  
  if (!root.openRoot(&volume)) error("openRoot failed");

  // list file in root with date and size
  PgmPrintln("Files found in root:");
  root.ls(LS_DATE | LS_SIZE);
  Serial.println();
    
  // Recursive list of all directories
  PgmPrintln("Files found in all dirs:");
  root.ls(LS_R);
  
  Serial.println();
  PgmPrintln("Done");
    
  // Debugging complete, we start the server!
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  server.begin();
}

// How big our line buffer should be. 100 is plenty!
#define BUFSIZ 100

void loop()
{
 
  char clientline[BUFSIZ];
  char *filename;
  int index = 0;
  int image = 0;
  
  Client client = server.available();
    if (client) {
    // an http request ends with a blank line
    boolean current_line_is_blank = true;
    
    // reset the input buffer
    index = 0;
    
      while (client.connected()) {
        if (client.available()) {
          char c = client.read();
          
        // If it isn't a new line, add the character to the buffer
        if (c != '\n' && c != '\r') {
          clientline[index] = c;
          index++;
          // are we too big for the buffer? start tossing out data
          if (index >= BUFSIZ)
            index = BUFSIZ -1;
            
          // continue to read more data!
          continue;
        }
          
        // got a \n or \r new line, which means the string is done
        clientline[index] = 0;
        filename = 0;
        
        // Print it out for debugging
        Serial.println(clientline);
        
        // Look for substring such as a request to get the root file
        if (strstr(clientline, "GET / ") != 0) {
          filename = rootFileName;
        }
        if (strstr(clientline, "GET /") != 0) {
          // this time no space after the /, so a sub-file
          
          if (!filename) filename = clientline + 5; // look after the "GET /" (5 chars)
          // a little trick, look for the " HTTP/1.1" string and
          // turn the first character of the substring into a 0 to clear it out.
          (strstr(clientline, " HTTP"))[0] = 0;
          
          // print the file we want
          Serial.println(filename);
          
          if (! file.open(&root, filename, O_READ)) {
            client.println("HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found");
            client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
            client.println();
            client.println("<h2>File Not Found!</h2>");
            break;
          }
          
          Serial.println("Opened!");
          
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          if (strstr(filename, ".htm") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".css") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: text/css");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".png") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: image/png");
          else if (strstr(filename, ".jpg") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: image/jpeg");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".gif") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: image/gif");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".3gp") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: video/mpeg");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".pdf") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: application/pdf");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".js") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: application/x-javascript");
         else if (strstr(filename, ".xml") != 0)
             client.println("Content-Type: application/xml");
         else
             client.println("Content-Type: text");

          client.println();
          
          int16_t c;
          while ((c = file.read()) >= 0) {
              // uncomment the serial to debug (slow!)
              //Serial.print((char)c);
              client.print((char)c);
          }
          file.close();
        } else {
          // everything else is a 404
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();
          client.println("<h2>File Not Found!</h2>");
           }
        break;
      }
    }
    // give the web browser time to receive the data
    delay(1);
    client.stop();
  }
}
Logged

0
Offline Offline
Jr. Member
**
Karma: 0
Posts: 50
Arduino rocks
View Profile
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

MrFreeze

Thank you very much for the code and the time to answer. Very nice work!

Take care and enjoy the weekend.
Kevin
VA3SU
Logged

0
Offline Offline
Newbie
*
Karma: 0
Posts: 3
Arduino rocks
View Profile
 Bigger Bigger  Smaller Smaller  Reset Reset

Thanks everybody, especially MrFreeze, for your answers. I really appreciate it.
Jiri
Logged

Pages: [1]   Go Up
Arduino Forum upgrade scheduled for Monday, October 20th, 11am-4pm (CEST). Sorry for the inconvenience!
Jump to: