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1  Using Arduino / Programming Questions / Re: HELP ME ! waveshield servo and a sonar ... i need help in organizing codes on: January 14, 2013, 07:37:46 am
i said that the servo and the waveshield made a conflict in the timer1 so i changed the library <servo.h> to <SoftwareServo.h>

i called the servo twice and sorry it doesnt appear in the above code .. but still it didnt work
2  Using Arduino / Programming Questions / HELP ME ! waveshield servo and a sonar ... i need help in organizing codes on: January 14, 2013, 06:11:25 am
I connected a wave shield a sonar and a servo, i changed the library of the servo since it made a conflict with the waveshield in the Timer1 and it worked fine in a separated code .. when i combined the waveshield and the servo_sonar code in the code below i couldnt track the sonar on the serial monitor and the servo just made a very tiny and random moves
 
Can you help me please!


Code:
#include <NewPing.h>
#include <SoftwareServo.h>
#include <FatReader.h>
#include <SdReader.h>
#include <avr/pgmspace.h>
#include "WaveUtil.h"
#include "WaveHC.h"



#define TRIGGER_PIN  12  // Arduino pin tied to trigger pin on ping sensor.
#define ECHO_PIN     11  // Arduino pin tied to echo pin on ping sensor.
#define MAX_DISTANCE 500 // Maximum distance we want to ping for (in centimeters). Maximum sensor distance is rated at 400-500cm.

SoftwareServo servo1;

SdReader card;    // This object holds the information for the card
FatVolume vol;    // This holds the information for the partition on the card
FatReader root;   // This holds the information for the filesystem on the card
FatReader f;      // This holds the information for the file we're play

WaveHC wave;      // This is the only wave (audio) object, since we will only play one at a time

NewPing sonar(TRIGGER_PIN, ECHO_PIN, MAX_DISTANCE); // NewPing setup of pins and maximum distance.


//Servo myservo1;

unsigned int pingSpeed = 500; // How frequently are we going to send out a ping (in milliseconds). 50ms would be 20 times a second.
unsigned long pingTimer;     // Holds the next ping time.


// here is where we define the buttons that we'll use. button "1" is the first, button "6" is the 6th, etc

byte buttons [] = { A0, A1, A2, A3, A4, A5};
// This handy macro lets us determine how big the array up above is, by checking the size
#define NUMBUTTONS sizeof(buttons)
// we will track if a button is just pressed, just released, or 'pressed' (the current state

// this handy function will return the number of bytes currently free in RAM, great for debugging!   
int freeRam(void)
{
  extern int  __bss_end;
  extern int  *__brkval;
  int free_memory;
  if((int)__brkval == 0) {
    free_memory = ((int)&free_memory) - ((int)&__bss_end);
  }
  else {
    free_memory = ((int)&free_memory) - ((int)__brkval);
  }
  return free_memory;
}

void sdErrorCheck(void)
{
  if (!card.errorCode()) return;
  putstring("\n\rSD I/O error: ");
  Serial.print(card.errorCode(), HEX);
  putstring(", ");
  Serial.println(card.errorData(), HEX);
  while(1);
}

void setup() {
   Serial.begin(115200); // Open serial monitor at 115200 baud to see ping results.
  pingTimer = millis(); // Start now.
 
  servo1.attach(9);
//  myservo1.attach(3);

  byte i;
  int analogRead = (0);
 
  // set up serial port
  Serial.begin(9600);
  putstring_nl("WaveHC with ");
  Serial.print(NUMBUTTONS, DEC);
  putstring_nl("buttons");
 
  putstring("Free RAM: ");       // This can help with debugging, running out of RAM is bad
  Serial.println(freeRam());      // if this is under 150 bytes it may spell trouble!
 
  // pin13 LED
  pinMode(13, OUTPUT);
 
//    if (!card.init(true)) { //play with 4 MHz spi if 8MHz isn't working for you
  if (!card.init()) {         //play with 8 MHz spi (default faster!) 
    putstring_nl("Card init. failed!");  // Something went wrong, lets print out why
    sdErrorCheck();
    while(1);                            // then 'halt' - do nothing!
  }
 
  // enable optimize read - some cards may timeout. Disable if you're having problems
  card.partialBlockRead(true);
 
// Now we will look for a FAT partition!
  uint8_t part;
  for (part = 0; part < 5; part++) {     // we have up to 5 slots to look in
    if (vol.init(card, part))
      break;                             // we found one, lets bail
  }
  if (part == 5) {                       // if we ended up not finding one  :(
    putstring_nl("No valid FAT partition!");
    sdErrorCheck();      // Something went wrong, lets print out why
    while(1);                            // then 'halt' - do nothing!
  }
 
  // Lets tell the user about what we found
  putstring("Using partition ");
  Serial.print(part, DEC);
  putstring(", type is FAT");
  Serial.println(vol.fatType(),DEC);     // FAT16 or FAT32?
 
  // Try to open the root directory
  if (!root.openRoot(vol)) {
    putstring_nl("Can't open root dir!"); // Something went wrong,
    while(1);                             // then 'halt' - do nothing!
  }
 

}

void loop() {
 
   // Notice how there's no delays in this sketch to allow you to do other processing in-line while doing distance pings.
  if (millis() >= pingTimer) {   // pingSpeed milliseconds since last ping, do another ping.
    pingTimer += pingSpeed;      // Set the next ping time.
    sonar.ping_timer(echoCheck); // Send out the ping, calls "echoCheck" function every 24uS where you can check the ping status.
  }
   if ((sonar.ping_result / US_ROUNDTRIP_CM) < 50){
          servo1.write(0);
          SoftwareServo::refresh();
//    myservo1.write(90);
    }
   else {
          servo1.write(160);
         
//    myservo1.write(0);
  }
 

 
 
  byte i;
  static byte playing = -1;
  int sensor0 = analogRead (buttons [0]);
  int sensor1 = analogRead (buttons [1]);
  int sensor2 = analogRead (buttons [2]);
  int sensor3 = analogRead (buttons [3]);
  int sensor4 = analogRead (buttons [4]);
  int sensor5 = analogRead (buttons [5]);
 
  Serial.print("LDR A0=");   
 Serial.print(sensor0);
  if ( analogRead (buttons [0]) > 900) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("0.WAV");
    }
   
  }
  Serial.print("LDR A1="); 
    Serial.print(sensor1);
 if ( analogRead (buttons [1]) > 900) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("1.WAV");
    }
   
  }
  Serial.print("LDR A2="); 
    Serial.print(sensor2);
   if ( analogRead (buttons [2]) > 900) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("2.WAV");
    }
   
  }
    Serial.print("LDR A3="); 
    Serial.print(sensor3);
  if ( analogRead (buttons [3]) > 150) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("3.WAV");
    }
   
  }
  Serial.print("LDR A4="); 
  Serial.print(sensor4);
   if ( analogRead (buttons [4]) > 150) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("4.WAV");
    }
   
  }
  Serial.print("LDR A5="); 
    Serial.println(sensor5);
  if ( analogRead (buttons [5]) > 150) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("5.WAV");
    }
   
  }
 
 
  if (! wave.isplaying) {
    playing = -1;
  }
}












// Plays a full file from beginning to end with no pause.
void playcomplete(char *name) {
  // call our helper to find and play this name
  playfile(name);
  while (wave.isplaying) {
  // do nothing while its playing
  }
  // now its done playing
}




void playfile(char *name) {
  // see if the wave object is currently doing something
  if (wave.isplaying) {// already playing something, so stop it!
    wave.stop(); // stop it
  }
  // look in the root directory and open the file
  if (!f.open(root, name)) {
    putstring("Couldn't open file "); Serial.print(name); return;
  }
  // OK read the file and turn it into a wave object
  if (!wave.create(f)) {
    putstring_nl("Not a valid WAV"); return;
  }
 
  // ok time to play! start playback
  wave.play();
}

  void echoCheck() { // Timer2 interrupt calls this function every 24uS where you can check the ping status.
  // Don't do anything here!
  if (sonar.check_timer()) { // This is how you check to see if the ping was received.
 

    Serial.print("Ping: ");
    Serial.print(sonar.ping_result / US_ROUNDTRIP_CM); // Ping returned, uS result in ping_result, convert to cm with US_ROUNDTRIP_CM.
    Serial.println("cm");
 
   
  }
  // Don't do anything here!
}
 
3  Using Arduino / Programming Questions / wavesheild and Servo conflict on: January 11, 2013, 09:51:14 am
i have a problem in compiling this code:
Code:
#include <NewPing.h>
#include <Servo.h>
#include <FatReader.h>
#include <SdReader.h>
#include <avr/pgmspace.h>
#include "WaveUtil.h"
#include "WaveHC.h"



#define TRIGGER_PIN  12  // Arduino pin tied to trigger pin on ping sensor.
#define ECHO_PIN     11  // Arduino pin tied to echo pin on ping sensor.
#define MAX_DISTANCE 500 // Maximum distance we want to ping for (in centimeters). Maximum sensor distance is rated at 400-500cm.

Servo myservo;

SdReader card;    // This object holds the information for the card
FatVolume vol;    // This holds the information for the partition on the card
FatReader root;   // This holds the information for the filesystem on the card
FatReader f;      // This holds the information for the file we're play

WaveHC wave;      // This is the only wave (audio) object, since we will only play one at a time

NewPing sonar(TRIGGER_PIN, ECHO_PIN, MAX_DISTANCE); // NewPing setup of pins and maximum distance.


//Servo myservo1;

unsigned int pingSpeed = 500; // How frequently are we going to send out a ping (in milliseconds). 50ms would be 20 times a second.
unsigned long pingTimer;     // Holds the next ping time.


// here is where we define the buttons that we'll use. button "1" is the first, button "6" is the 6th, etc
//byte buttons[] = {14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19};
byte buttons [] = { A0, A1, A2, A3, A4, A5};
// This handy macro lets us determine how big the array up above is, by checking the size
#define NUMBUTTONS sizeof(buttons)
// we will track if a button is just pressed, just released, or 'pressed' (the current state

// this handy function will return the number of bytes currently free in RAM, great for debugging!   
int freeRam(void)
{
  extern int  __bss_end;
  extern int  *__brkval;
  int free_memory;
  if((int)__brkval == 0) {
    free_memory = ((int)&free_memory) - ((int)&__bss_end);
  }
  else {
    free_memory = ((int)&free_memory) - ((int)__brkval);
  }
  return free_memory;
}

void sdErrorCheck(void)
{
  if (!card.errorCode()) return;
  putstring("\n\rSD I/O error: ");
  Serial.print(card.errorCode(), HEX);
  putstring(", ");
  Serial.println(card.errorData(), HEX);
  while(1);
}

void setup() {
   Serial.begin(115200); // Open serial monitor at 115200 baud to see ping results.
  pingTimer = millis(); // Start now.
 
  myservo.attach(9);
//  myservo1.attach(3);

  byte i;
  int analogRead = (0);
 
  // set up serial port
  Serial.begin(9600);
  putstring_nl("WaveHC with ");
  Serial.print(NUMBUTTONS, DEC);
  putstring_nl("buttons");
 
  putstring("Free RAM: ");       // This can help with debugging, running out of RAM is bad
  Serial.println(freeRam());      // if this is under 150 bytes it may spell trouble!
 
  // pin13 LED
  pinMode(13, OUTPUT);
 
//    if (!card.init(true)) { //play with 4 MHz spi if 8MHz isn't working for you
  if (!card.init()) {         //play with 8 MHz spi (default faster!) 
    putstring_nl("Card init. failed!");  // Something went wrong, lets print out why
    sdErrorCheck();
    while(1);                            // then 'halt' - do nothing!
  }
 
  // enable optimize read - some cards may timeout. Disable if you're having problems
  card.partialBlockRead(true);
 
// Now we will look for a FAT partition!
  uint8_t part;
  for (part = 0; part < 5; part++) {     // we have up to 5 slots to look in
    if (vol.init(card, part))
      break;                             // we found one, lets bail
  }
  if (part == 5) {                       // if we ended up not finding one  :(
    putstring_nl("No valid FAT partition!");
    sdErrorCheck();      // Something went wrong, lets print out why
    while(1);                            // then 'halt' - do nothing!
  }
 
  // Lets tell the user about what we found
  putstring("Using partition ");
  Serial.print(part, DEC);
  putstring(", type is FAT");
  Serial.println(vol.fatType(),DEC);     // FAT16 or FAT32?
 
  // Try to open the root directory
  if (!root.openRoot(vol)) {
    putstring_nl("Can't open root dir!"); // Something went wrong,
    while(1);                             // then 'halt' - do nothing!
  }
 

}

void loop() {
 
   // Notice how there's no delays in this sketch to allow you to do other processing in-line while doing distance pings.
  if (millis() >= pingTimer) {   // pingSpeed milliseconds since last ping, do another ping.
    pingTimer += pingSpeed;      // Set the next ping time.
    sonar.ping_timer(echoCheck); // Send out the ping, calls "echoCheck" function every 24uS where you can check the ping status.
  }
   if ((sonar.ping_result / US_ROUNDTRIP_CM) < 50){
    myservo.write(160);
//    myservo1.write(90);
    }
   else {
    myservo.write(0);
//    myservo1.write(0);
  }
 
 
  byte i;
  static byte playing = -1;
  int sensor0 = analogRead (buttons [0]);
  int sensor1 = analogRead (buttons [1]);
  int sensor2 = analogRead (buttons [2]);
  int sensor3 = analogRead (buttons [3]);
  int sensor4 = analogRead (buttons [4]);
  int sensor5 = analogRead (buttons [5]);
 
  Serial.print("LDR A0=");   
 Serial.print(sensor0);
  if ( analogRead (buttons [0]) > 900) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("0.WAV");
    }
   
  }
  Serial.print("LDR A1="); 
    Serial.print(sensor1);
 if ( analogRead (buttons [1]) > 900) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("1.WAV");
    }
   
  }
  Serial.print("LDR A2="); 
    Serial.print(sensor2);
   if ( analogRead (buttons [2]) > 900) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("2.WAV");
    }
   
  }
    Serial.print("LDR A3="); 
    Serial.print(sensor3);
  if ( analogRead (buttons [3]) > 150) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("3.WAV");
    }
   
  }
  Serial.print("LDR A4="); 
  Serial.print(sensor4);
   if ( analogRead (buttons [4]) > 150) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("4.WAV");
    }
   
  }
  Serial.print("LDR A5="); 
    Serial.println(sensor5);
  if ( analogRead (buttons [5]) > 150) {
    if (playing != 0) {
      playing = 0;
      playfile("5.WAV");
    }
   
  }
 
 
  if (! wave.isplaying) {
    playing = -1;
  }
}



// Plays a full file from beginning to end with no pause.
void playcomplete(char *name) {
  // call our helper to find and play this name
  playfile(name);
  while (wave.isplaying) {
  // do nothing while its playing
  }
  // now its done playing
}

void playfile(char *name) {
  // see if the wave object is currently doing something
  if (wave.isplaying) {// already playing something, so stop it!
    wave.stop(); // stop it
  }
  // look in the root directory and open the file
  if (!f.open(root, name)) {
    putstring("Couldn't open file "); Serial.print(name); return;
  }
  // OK read the file and turn it into a wave object
  if (!wave.create(f)) {
    putstring_nl("Not a valid WAV"); return;
  }
 
  // ok time to play! start playback
  wave.play();
}
void echoCheck() { // Timer2 interrupt calls this function every 24uS where you can check the ping status.
  // Don't do anything here!
  if (sonar.check_timer()) { // This is how you check to see if the ping was received.
 

    Serial.print("Ping: ");
    Serial.print(sonar.ping_result / US_ROUNDTRIP_CM); // Ping returned, uS result in ping_result, convert to cm with US_ROUNDTRIP_CM.
    Serial.println("cm");
 
   
  }
  // Don't do anything here!
}

it gives me this error:

 
Code:
WaveHC/WaveHC.cpp.o: In function `__vector_11':
/Users/samershawar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/WaveHC/WaveHC.cpp:41: multiple definition of `__vector_11'
Servo/Servo.cpp.o:/Applications/Arduino.app/Contents/Resources/Java/libraries/Servo/Servo.cpp:103: first defined here

i understand that there's a conflict between the servo and the waveshield libraries ! now how can i solve this ??


4  Using Arduino / Programming Questions / Replace Buttons with LDR's on: December 20, 2012, 02:01:01 pm
anybody can help me to convert this code Inputs from Buttons to LDR's Analog Inputs:

this code is related to the Wave shield:

Now i found this code ... and i think its great because it allows other buttons to interrupt the previous process so for now i will give you the code to help me with it .. because its made for buttons and not for analog input

Code:
Code:
#include <FatReader.h>
#include <SdReader.h>
#include <avr/pgmspace.h>
#include "WaveUtil.h"
#include "WaveHC.h"


SdReader card;    // This object holds the information for the card
FatVolume vol;    // This holds the information for the partition on the card
FatReader root;   // This holds the information for the filesystem on the card
FatReader f;      // This holds the information for the file we're play

WaveHC wave;      // This is the only wave (audio) object, since we will only play one at a time

#define DEBOUNCE 5  // button debouncer

// here is where we define the buttons that we'll use. button "1" is the first, button "6" is the 6th, etc
byte buttons[] = {14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19};
// This handy macro lets us determine how big the array up above is, by checking the size
#define NUMBUTTONS sizeof(buttons)
// we will track if a button is just pressed, just released, or 'pressed' (the current state
volatile byte pressed[NUMBUTTONS], justpressed[NUMBUTTONS], justreleased[NUMBUTTONS];

// this handy function will return the number of bytes currently free in RAM, great for debugging!   
int freeRam(void)
{
 extern int  __bss_end;
 extern int  *__brkval;
 int free_memory;
 if((int)__brkval == 0) {
   free_memory = ((int)&free_memory) - ((int)&__bss_end);
 }
 else {
   free_memory = ((int)&free_memory) - ((int)__brkval);
 }
 return free_memory;
}

void sdErrorCheck(void)
{
 if (!card.errorCode()) return;
 putstring("\n\rSD I/O error: ");
 Serial.print(card.errorCode(), HEX);
 putstring(", ");
 Serial.println(card.errorData(), HEX);
 while(1);
}

void setup() {
 byte i;

 // set up serial port
 Serial.begin(9600);
 putstring_nl("WaveHC with ");
 Serial.print(NUMBUTTONS, DEC);
 putstring_nl("buttons");

 putstring("Free RAM: ");       // This can help with debugging, running out of RAM is bad
 Serial.println(freeRam());      // if this is under 150 bytes it may spell trouble!

 // Set the output pins for the DAC control. This pins are defined in the library
 pinMode(2, OUTPUT);
 pinMode(3, OUTPUT);
 pinMode(4, OUTPUT);
 pinMode(5, OUTPUT);

 // pin13 LED
 pinMode(13, OUTPUT);

 // Make input & enable pull-up resistors on switch pins
 for (i=0; i< NUMBUTTONS; i++) {
   pinMode(buttons, INPUT);
   digitalWrite(buttons, HIGH);
 }

 //  if (!card.init(true)) { //play with 4 MHz spi if 8MHz isn't working for you
 if (!card.init()) {         //play with 8 MHz spi (default faster!)
   putstring_nl("Card init. failed!");  // Something went wrong, lets print out why
   sdErrorCheck();
   while(1);                            // then 'halt' - do nothing!
 }

 // enable optimize read - some cards may timeout. Disable if you're having problems
 card.partialBlockRead(true);

// Now we will look for a FAT partition!
 uint8_t part;
 for (part = 0; part < 5; part++) {     // we have up to 5 slots to look in
   if (vol.init(card, part))
     break;                             // we found one, lets bail
 }
 if (part == 5) {                       // if we ended up not finding one  smiley-sad
   putstring_nl("No valid FAT partition!");
   sdErrorCheck();      // Something went wrong, lets print out why
   while(1);                            // then 'halt' - do nothing!
 }

 // Lets tell the user about what we found
 putstring("Using partition ");
 Serial.print(part, DEC);
 putstring(", type is FAT");
 Serial.println(vol.fatType(),DEC);     // FAT16 or FAT32?

 // Try to open the root directory
 if (!root.openRoot(vol)) {
   putstring_nl("Can't open root dir!"); // Something went wrong,
   while(1);                             // then 'halt' - do nothing!
 }

 // Whew! We got past the tough parts.
 putstring_nl("Ready!");

 TCCR2A = 0;
 TCCR2B = 1<<CS22 | 1<<CS21 | 1<<CS20;

 //Timer2 Overflow Interrupt Enable
 TIMSK2 |= 1<<TOIE2;


}

SIGNAL(TIMER2_OVF_vect) {
 check_switches();
}

void check_switches()
{
 static byte previousstate[NUMBUTTONS];
 static byte currentstate[NUMBUTTONS];
 byte index;

 for (index = 0; index < NUMBUTTONS; index++) {
   currentstate[index] = digitalRead(buttons[index]);   // read the button

   /*     
   Serial.print(index, DEC);
   Serial.print(": cstate=");
   Serial.print(currentstate[index], DEC);
   Serial.print(", pstate=");
   Serial.print(previousstate[index], DEC);
   Serial.print(", press=");
   */

   if (currentstate[index] == previousstate[index]) {
     if ((pressed[index] == LOW) && (currentstate[index] == LOW)) {
         // just pressed
         justpressed[index] = 1;
     }
     else if ((pressed[index] == HIGH) && (currentstate[index] == HIGH)) {
         // just released
         justreleased[index] = 1;
     }
     pressed[index] = !currentstate[index];  // remember, digital HIGH means NOT pressed
   }
   //Serial.println(pressed[index], DEC);
   previousstate[index] = currentstate[index];   // keep a running tally of the buttons
 }
}


void loop() {
 byte i;
 static byte playing = -1;

 if (pressed[0]) {
   if (playing != 0) {
     playing = 0;
     playfile("DO.WAV");
   }
 }
 else if (pressed[1]) {
   if (playing != 1) {
     playing = 1;
     playfile("RE.WAV");
   }
 }
 else if (pressed[2]) {
   if (playing != 2) {
     playing = 2;
     playfile("MI.WAV");
   }
 }
 else if (pressed[3]) {
   if (playing != 3) {
     playing = 3;
     playfile("FA.WAV");
   }
 }
 else if (pressed[4]) {
   if (playing != 4) {
     playing = 4;
     playfile("SO.WAV");
   }
 }
 else if (pressed[5]) {
   if (playing != 5) {
     playing = 5;
     playfile("LA.WAV");
   }
 }

 if (! wave.isplaying) {
   playing = -1;
 }
}



// Plays a full file from beginning to end with no pause.
void playcomplete(char *name) {
 // call our helper to find and play this name
 playfile(name);
 while (wave.isplaying) {
 // do nothing while its playing
 }
 // now its done playing
}

void playfile(char *name) {
 // see if the wave object is currently doing something
 if (wave.isplaying) {// already playing something, so stop it!
   wave.stop(); // stop it
 }
 // look in the root directory and open the file
 if (!f.open(root, name)) {
   putstring("Couldn't open file "); Serial.print(name); return;
 }
 // OK read the file and turn it into a wave object
 if (!wave.create(f)) {
   putstring_nl("Not a valid WAV"); return;
 }

 // ok time to play! start playback
 wave.play();
}



THANKS
   
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