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61  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: March 19, 2008, 01:09:24 am
The ds1337 does support up to two external interrupts and has two alarms (registers or interrupts). Both are supported in the ds1337 library, so the move should be pretty painless smiley

Matt, have a look at http://trac.mlalonde.net/cral/, if you'd like I could host your library there (nice file browser, documentation pages, changes and what not smiley
62  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 18, 2007, 12:50:19 pm
Here is a little usage example for alarms and some other stuff:

Code:
void setup()
{
      // Set the clock using a unix time stamp (date -u +'%s')
      RTC.clockSet(1192390068); //Sun Oct 14 15:27:48 EDT 2007
      
      // Setup a callback function for the integrity check
      // See below for the callback functions
      RTC.clockIntegrityCallback(integrityCallback);
      
      // Enable the Square Wave @ 1Hz on INTB
      RTC.sqwSetRate(DS1337_SQW_1HZ);
      RTC.sqwEnable();
      
      // Setup the first alarm
      RTC.alarmSelect(0); // Switch to alarm 2
      RTC.alarmSet(RTC_SEC,      30);
      RTC.alarmSet(RTC_MIN,      18);
      RTC.alarmSet(RTC_HR,      0);
      RTC.alarmSet(RTC_DOW,      0);
      
      // Match mode: every minutes and seconds
      RTC.alarmSet(DS1337_ALARM_MODE, DS1337_ALARM_MCH_MINSEC);
      
      // Setup callback function for alarm 1
      RTC.alarmSetCallback(alarmCallback1);
      
      // Setuo the external interrupt on INTA for alarm1
      RTC.alarmSetInterrupt();
      
      RTC.alarmSelect(1); // Switch to alarm 2
      
      // Match mode: once per minute at 00s
      RTC.alarmSet(DS1337_ALARM_MODE, DS1337_ALARM_PER_MIN);
      
      // Setup callback function for alarm 2
      RTC.alarmSetCallback(alarmCallback2);
      
      // Setup the interrupt for alarm 2
      // If the square wave is enabled, it will output on INTA
      // if the SQW is disabled the interrupt will happen on INTB
      RTC.alarmSetInterrupt();
}

void loop()
{
      RTC.clockChecks(); // Performs alarm and integrity checks for call back functions
}

// Note that the alarm registers will stay high
// until these function are finished executing.
void alarmCallback1(void)
{
      Serial.print("alarm 1 triggerd");
      return;
}
void alarmCallback2(void)
{
      Serial.print("alarm 2 triggerd");
      return;
}

void integrityCallback(void)
{
      Serial.print("Oscillator integrity fault!");
      
      // If the fault flag is high the clock is stopped
      // so in this function we can fix the time and start the clock again
      RTC.clockStart();
      return;
}

There are other stuff too obvious, such as manually checking for alarms, setting the time in binary, etc. Most of the options can be turned on/off to save some space if you don't need the functionality. You should try and go through the two configuration files (ds1337.h, configs/ds1337/ds1337.h and configs/RTC/rtcConfig.h) there are a lot of helpful comments in there.
63  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 18, 2007, 12:23:14 pm
Hehehe, don't get me wrong Mattt, I did spend a lot of time on this thing in the past few days (I should really say nights). – Oh man that Unix Time Stamp function grrrrrrrrr – And I still should split out the RTC stuff from the DS1337 and make the thing a little more generic so it can easily be adapted to other RTC's without changing anything in the business logic. Sorry for the 404, here's the file: http://svn.mlalonde.net/cral/configs/RTC/rtcConfig.h. There's also a Trac site at http://trac.mlalonde.net/cral/. There's not much there yet but I'll try and really document all my libraries and add them to the site so they are easily available smiley And of course they are free for anyone to use (MIT license if you want to know)

EDIT: Oh yeah there is now full support for alarms, alarm interrupts, alarm user defined callback functions, and the square wave output. I've also put back the clockStart/Stop routines when changing the time, this resets the  status register and helps reduce possible errors of either the two alarm flags or the fault flag.

64  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 17, 2007, 04:45:04 pm
You can now checkout the code through Subversion the code @
http://svn.mlalonde.net/cral/ds1337

You will also need to checkout
http://svn.mlalonde.net/cral/configs/rtcConfig.h

I now added both alarms support as well as their interrupts and external square wave output. The alarms can also trigger a user selected callback function. Let me know what you think!
65  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 16, 2007, 12:14:42 pm
Code size is obviously bigger than using a function. On the other hand it's not only obviously faster (no call) it also reduces the function stack and parameter passing. So you really have to see what you need. I actually ended up switch that back to a function cause it was called many times and saved up something like 20~30 bytes (for both bintobcd and bcdtobin). Hope this helps smiley
66  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 15, 2007, 12:56:14 pm
Here's the obligatory action picture smiley-grin


(Click for full flickr experience)

67  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 14, 2007, 08:14:00 pm
Rest of "ds1337.cpp":
Code:

void DS1337::clockSetWithUTS(uint32_t unixTimeStamp, boolean correctedTime)
{
      uint16_t      leapCorrection = 0;
      uint32_t      tt;
      uint8_t            thisDate;
      int                  ii;
#if defined(RTC_DST_TYPE)
      uint16_t      thisYear;
#endif
      uint16_t      year;
      const uint16_t      monthcount[] = {0, 0, 31, 59, 90, 120, 151, 181, 212, 243, 273, 304, 334, 365};
      
      /**
       * Calculate GMT and DST
      **/      
#if defined(RTC_GMT_OFFSET)
      if (!correctedTime) unixTimeStamp = unixTimeStamp + (RTC_GMT_OFFSET * 3600);
#endif

      // Years
      tt                  = unixTimeStamp / 3600 / 24 / 365;
      year            = tt + 1970;
      
#if defined(RTC_DST_TYPE)
      if (!correctedTime) {
            thisYear      = year;
      }
#endif
      
      // Set the century bit
      if (tt > 30) {
            rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH]      = (rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] | DS1337_LO_CNTY);
            tt-= 30;
      } else {
            rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH]      = (rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & ~DS1337_LO_CNTY);
      }
      
      // Set the year
      rtc_bcd[DS1337_YR]            = binToBcd(tt);
      
      // Number of days left in the year
      tt = (unixTimeStamp%31536000 / 3600 / 24) + 1;
      
      // leap year correction
      for (year--; year > 1970; year--) {
            if (isleap(year))
            {
                  leapCorrection++;
                  tt--;
            }
      }
      
      // Set the month
      for (ii = 1; ii < 12; ii++)
      {
            if (monthcount[ii+1] > (tt + ((ii == 2 && isleap(thisYear)) * 1)))
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH]            = (binToBcd(ii) & ~DS1337_LO_CNTY) | (rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & DS1337_LO_CNTY);
                  break;
            }
      }
      
      // Date
#if defined(RTC_DST_TYPE)
      if (!correctedTime) {
            thisDate = tt - monthcount[ii];
      }
#endif
      
      rtc_bcd[DS1337_DATE]      = binToBcd(tt - monthcount[ii]);
      
      // Day of the week
      rtc_bcd[DS1337_DOW]            = ((tt)%7 + 1) & DS1337_LO_DOW;
      
      // Hour
      tt = unixTimeStamp%86400 / 3600;
      rtc_bcd[DS1337_HR]            = binToBcd(tt);
      
#if defined(RTC_DST_TYPE)
      if (!correctedTime) {
            uint8_t dstStartMo, dstStopMo, dstStart, dstStop;
            
      #ifndef RTC_CHECK_OLD_DST
            dstStart      =  (31-((thisYear * 5 / 4) + 1) % 7);
      #if RTC_DST_TYPE == 1
             dstStop            =  (31-((thisYear * 5 / 4) + 1) % 7);      // EU DST
      #else
            dstStop            = 7 - ((1 + thisYear * 5 / 4) % 7);            // US DST
      #endif
            dstStartMo      = 3;
            dstStopMo      = 11;
      #else
            if (thisYear < 2006) {
                  dstStart      = (2+6 * thisYear - (thisYear / 4) ) % 7 + 1;
                  dstStop            = 14 - ((1 + thisYear * 5 / 4) % 7);
                  dstStartMo      = 4;
                  dstStopMo      = 10;
            } else {
                  dstStart      =  (31-((thisYear * 5 / 4) + 1) % 7);
            #if RTC_DST_TYPE == 1
                   dstStop            =  (31-((thisYear * 5 / 4) + 1) % 7);      // EU DST
            #else
                  dstStop            = 7 - ((1 + thisYear * 5 / 4) % 7);            // US DST
            #endif
                  dstStartMo      = 3;
                  dstStopMo      = 11;
            }
      #endif
            if (ii >= dstStartMo && ii <= dstStopMo)
            {
                  if (ii < dstStopMo)
                  {
                        if (ii > dstStartMo || thisDate > dstStart || thisDate == dstStart && tt >= 2)
                        {
                              clockSetWithUTS(unixTimeStamp + 3600, true);
                              return;
                        }
                  } else {
                        if (thisDate < dstStop || thisDate == dstStop && tt < 2)
                        {
                              clockSetWithUTS(unixTimeStamp + 3600, true);
                              return;
                        }
                  }
            }
      }
#endif
      
      // Minutes
      tt = unixTimeStamp%3600 / 60;
      rtc_bcd[DS1337_MIN]            = binToBcd(tt);
      
      // Seconds
      tt = (unixTimeStamp%3600)%60;
      rtc_bcd[DS1337_SEC]            = binToBcd(tt);
      
      // Stop the clock
      //clockStop();
      
      // Save buffer to the RTC
      clockSave();
      
      // Restart the oscillator
      //clockStart();
}

void DS1337::printRegisters(void)
{
      for(int ii=0;ii<0x10;ii++)
      {
            SPrint("0x");
            Serial.print(ii, HEX);
            SPrint(" ");
            Serial.println(getRegister(ii), BIN);
      }

      delay(200);
}


EDIT: No need to stop/start the oscillator when reading or writing to the ds1337 as the IC as in internal buffer and it will read/write only when all of the memory is read for the operation. Also, if the scan mod is used the clock is always started when the address is found and the osc. is stopped.
68  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 14, 2007, 08:13:32 pm
Driver "ds1337.cpp":
Code:
extern "C" {
      #include <Wire/Wire.h>
      #include <avr/pgmspace.h>
      #include <HardwareSerial.h>
}

#include "programStrings.h"
#include "ds1337.h"
#include "rtcConfig.h"

DS1337::DS1337()
{            
#ifdef WIRE_LIB_SCAN_MOD
      clockExists = false;
#endif
      Wire.begin();
}

DS1337 RTC = DS1337();

#ifdef WIRE_LIB_SCAN_MOD
int8_t DS1337::clockInit(void)
{
      // Account for the crystal power up!
      delay(250);
      
      // Check address and returns false is there is an error
      if (Wire.checkAddress(DS1337_WADDR)) {
            // Possibly set the default registers here
            
            clockExists      = true;
            
            // Start the oscillator if need
            if (getRegisterBit(DS1337_SP, DS1337_SP_EOSC))
            {
                  clockStart();
            }
            
            return DS1337_WADDR;
      } else clockExists      = false;
      
      return -1;      
}
#endif

void DS1337::setRegister(uint8_t registerNumber, uint8_t registerMask)
{
      writeRegister(registerNumber, (getRegister(registerNumber) | registerMask));
}

void DS1337::unsetRegister(uint8_t registerNumber, uint8_t registerMask)
{
      writeRegister(registerNumber, (getRegister(registerNumber) & ~registerMask));
}

void DS1337::writeRegister(uint8_t registerNumber, uint8_t registerValue)
{
      Wire.beginTransmission(DS1337_WADDR);
      Wire.send(registerNumber);
      
      Wire.send(registerValue);
      
      Wire.endTransmission();
}

uint8_t DS1337::getRegister(uint8_t registerNumber)
{
      Wire.beginTransmission(DS1337_WADDR);
      Wire.send(registerNumber);
      Wire.endTransmission();
      
      Wire.requestFrom(DS1337_WADDR, 1);
      
      return Wire.receive();
}

// PRIVATE FUNCTIONS
void DS1337::clockRead(void)
{
      Wire.beginTransmission(DS1337_WADDR);
      Wire.send(0x00);
      Wire.endTransmission();

      Wire.requestFrom(DS1337_WADDR, 7);
      for(int i=0; i<7; i++)
      {
            if (Wire.available())
                  rtc_bcd[i]      = Wire.receive();
      }
}

void DS1337::clockSave(void)
{
      Wire.beginTransmission(DS1337_WADDR);
      Wire.send(0x00);
      
      for(int i=0; i<7; i++)
      {
            Wire.send(rtc_bcd[i]);
      }
      
      Wire.endTransmission();
}

// PUBLIC FUNCTIONS
void DS1337::clockGet(uint16_t *rtc)
{
      clockRead();
      
      for(int i=0;i<8;i++)  // cycle through each component, create array of data
      {
            rtc[i]=clockGet(i, 0);
      }
}

uint16_t DS1337::clockGet(uint8_t c, boolean refresh)
{
      if(refresh) clockRead();
      
      int timeValue=-1;
      switch(c)
      {
            case DS1337_SEC:
                  timeValue = (10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_SEC] & DS1337_HI_SEC)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_SEC] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_MIN:
                  timeValue = (10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_MIN] & DS1337_HI_MIN)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_MIN] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_HR:
                  timeValue = (10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_HR] & DS1337_HI_HR)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_HR] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_DOW:
                  timeValue = rtc_bcd[DS1337_DOW] & DS1337_LO_DOW;
            break;
            case DS1337_DATE:
                  timeValue = (10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_DATE] & DS1337_HI_DATE)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_DATE] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_MTH:
                  timeValue = (10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & DS1337_HI_MTH)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & DS1337_LO_BCD) & ~DS1337_LO_CNTY;
            break;
            case DS1337_YR:
                  timeValue = (10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_YR] & DS1337_HI_YR)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_YR] & DS1337_LO_BCD)+(1900 + (rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & DS1337_LO_CNTY ? 100 : 0));
            break;
            
            case DS1337_CNTY:
                  timeValue = rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & DS1337_LO_CNTY>>7;
            break;
      } // end switch
      
      return timeValue;
}

void DS1337::clockSet(uint8_t timeSection, uint16_t timeValue)
{
      switch(timeSection)
      {
            case DS1337_SEC:
            if(timeValue<60 && timeValue>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_SEC]            = binToBcd(timeValue);
            }
            break;
            
            case DS1337_MIN:
            if(timeValue<60 && timeValue>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_MIN]            = binToBcd(timeValue);
            }
            break;
            
            case DS1337_HR:
            // TODO : AM/PM  12HR/24HR
            if(timeValue<24 && timeValue>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_HR]            = binToBcd(timeValue);
            }
            break;
            
            case DS1337_DOW:
            if(timeValue<8 && timeValue>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_DOW]            = timeValue;
            }
            break;
            
            case DS1337_DATE:
            if(timeValue<31 && timeValue>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_DATE]      = binToBcd(timeValue);
            }
            break;
            
            case DS1337_MTH:
            if(timeValue<13 && timeValue>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH]            = (binToBcd(timeValue) & ~DS1337_LO_CNTY) | (rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & DS1337_LO_CNTY);
            }
            break;
            
            case DS1337_YR:
            if(timeValue<1000 && timeValue>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_YR]            = binToBcd(timeValue);
            }
            break;
            
            case DS1337_CNTY:
            if (timeValue > 0)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH]      = (rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] | DS1337_LO_CNTY);
            } else {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH]      = (rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & ~DS1337_LO_CNTY);
            }
            break;
      } // end switch
      
      clockSave();
}

uint32_t DS1337::calculateUTS(uint16_t year, uint8_t month, uint8_t day, uint8_t hour, uint8_t min, uint8_t sec)
{
      /* Number of days per month */
      uint32_t tt;
      const uint16_t monthcount[] = {0, 0, 31, 59, 90, 120, 151, 181, 212, 243, 273, 304, 334, 365};
      
      /* Compute days */
      tt = (year - 1970) * 365 + monthcount[month] + day - 1;
      
      /* Compute for leap year */
      for (month <= 2 ? year-- : 0; year >= 1970; year--)
            if (isleap(year))
                  tt++;
      
      /* Plus the time */
      tt = sec + 60 * (min + 60 * (tt * 24 + hour - RTC_GMT_OFFSET));
      
      return tt;
}

Rest to follow....
69  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 14, 2007, 08:12:42 pm
Header file "ds1337.h":
Code:
/*
  DS1337.h - library for DS1337 rtc
*/

// ensure this library description is only included once
#ifndef DS1337_h
#define DS1337_h

// include types & constants of Wiring core API
#include <WConstants.h>

// include types & constants of Wire ic2 lib
#include <Wire/Wire.h>

#include "rtcConfig.h"

#define DS1337_SEC      0
#define DS1337_MIN      1
#define DS1337_HR      2
#define DS1337_DOW      3
#define DS1337_DATE 4
#define DS1337_MTH      5
#define DS1337_YR      6
#define DS1337_CNTY      7

#define RTC_SEC            DS1337_SEC
#define RTC_MIN            DS1337_MIN
#define RTC_HR            DS1337_HR
#define RTC_DOW            DS1337_DOW
#define RTC_DATE      DS1337_DATE
#define RTC_MTH            DS1337_MTH
#define RTC_YR            DS1337_YR
#define RTC_CNTY      DS1337_CNTY

#define DS1337_WADDR            0x68
#define DS1337_RADDR            DS1337_WADDR | 0x01

/**
 * Define register bit masks
**/
#define DS1337_LO_BCD            B00001111
#define DS1337_HI_BCD            B01110000

#define DS1337_HI_SEC            B01110000
#define DS1337_HI_MIN            B01110000
#define DS1337_HI_HR            B00110000
#define DS1337_LO_DOW            B00000111
#define DS1337_HI_DATE            B00110000
#define DS1337_HI_MTH            B00010000
#define DS1337_LO_CNTY            B10000000
#define DS1337_HI_YR            B11110000

#define DS1337_ARLM1            0x07
#define DS1337_ARLM1_LO_SEC      B00001111
#define DS1337_ARLM1_HI_SEC      B01110000
#define DS1337_ARLM1_LO_MIN      B01110000
#define DS1337_ARLM1_HI_MIN      B00001111

#define DS1337_SP                  0x0E
#define      DS1337_SP_EOSC            B10000000
#define      DS1337_SP_RS2            B00010000
#define      DS1337_SP_RS1            B00001000
#define      DS1337_SP_INTCN            B00000100
#define      DS1337_SP_A2IE            B00000010
#define      DS1337_SP_A1IE            B00000001

#define DS1337_STATUS            0x0F
#define DS1337_STATUS_OSF      B10000000
#define DS1337_STATUS_A2F      B00000010
#define DS1337_STATUS_A1F      B00000001

/**
 * Macros
**/
#define clockStart()                              unsetRegister(DS1337_SP, DS1337_SP_EOSC)
#define clockStop()                                    setRegister(DS1337_SP, DS1337_SP_EOSC)

#define getRegisterSP()                              getRegisterSP(DS1337_SP)
#define getRegisterStatus()                        getRegisterStatus(DS1337_STATUS)

#define getRegisterBit(reg, bitMask)      getRegister(reg) & bitMask

#define isleap(y)                                    ((((y) % 4) == 0 && ((y) % 100) != 0) || ((y) % 400) == 0)

#define bcdToBin(val)                               (((val)&15) + ((val)>>4)*10)
#define binToBcd(val)                               ((((val)/10)<<4) + (val)%10)

/**
 * getUTS: Macro for calculateUTS
 * returns the time as a unix time stamp
 * This function doesn't take into account having DST set or not!
**/
#define      getUTS(refresh)                        calculateUTS(      RTC.clockGet(DS1337_YR, true), RTC.clockGet(DS1337_MTH, false), \
                                                                                    RTC.clockGet(DS1337_DATE, false), RTC.clockGet(DS1337_HR, false), \
                                                                                    RTC.clockGet(DS1337_MIN, false), RTC.clockGet(DS1337_SEC, false) \
                                                                              )

#define clockSet(UTS)                              clockSetWithUTS(UTS, false)

// library interface description
class DS1337
{
      // user-accessible "public" interface
      public:
            /**
             * clockExists: keeps track of the whether or not the RTC exists
            **/
      #ifdef WIRE_LIB_SCAN_MOD
            bool            clockExists;
      #endif
            /**
             * Class constructor
            **/
            DS1337();
            
            /**
             * clockInit: initializes the clock
             * If the I2C scan mod is available, it'll verify the RTC is reachable
            **/
            int8_t            clockInit(void);
            
            /**
             * setRegister: sets a register bit fromt he register number and bitmask
            **/
            void            setRegister(uint8_t, uint8_t);
            
            /**
             * unsetRegister: unsets a register bit fromt he register number and bitmask
            **/
            void            unsetRegister(uint8_t, uint8_t);
            
            /**
             * getRegister: returns the specified register
            **/
            uint8_t            getRegister(uint8_t);
            
            /**
             * clockGet: fills an array with the current time data
            **/
            void            clockGet(uint16_t *);
            
            /**
             * clockGet: gets a specific item from the clock buffer
             * use the second param to specify a buffer refresh
            **/
            uint16_t      clockGet(uint8_t, boolean);
            
            /**
             * calculateUTS: returns the time as a unix time stamp
             * This function doesn't take into account having DST set or not!
            **/
            uint32_t      calculateUTS(uint16_t, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t);
            
            /**
             * clockSetWithUTS: sets the date & time from a unix time stamp
             * pass the second param as true to skip DTS and GMT calculation
            **/
            void            clockSetWithUTS(uint32_t, boolean);
            
            /**
             * clockSet: Set the clock time using integer values
            **/
            void            clockSet(uint8_t, uint16_t);
            
            /**
             * Prints all of the DS1337 registers
            **/
            void            printRegisters(void);
      private:
            uint8_t            rtc_bcd[8];
            void            writeRegister(uint8_t, uint8_t);
            void            clockSave(void);
            void            clockRead(void);
};

extern DS1337 RTC;

#endif
70  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 14, 2007, 08:07:26 pm
Here it is.. the whole library. It includes a test in the init to detect the RTC (if you have the I2C scanner mod I posted here). Setting the time using the old method or the new epoch functions which also calculates US and EU (even pre 2006 if needed!) DST and calculates the GMT offset (configurable at compile). And yes that function is almost as big as the rest of the driver! The old way of getting the time is still the current one as it's a lot more practical for printing in a strftime-less environment. But for good measure I added a way to get the current Epoch (*doesn't care about dst!*, but if you need that it should be easy to fix). My only issue right now is that OSCF (oscillator flag), which would be nice for the original time setting condition. But the time seems to stay accurate (at least after a few hours).

The RTC config "rtcConfig.h":
Code:
#ifndef RTC_CONFIG_H
#defin#ifndef RTC_CONFIG_H
#define RTC_CONFIG_H

/**
 * Set this to your local GMT offset
 *       Comment to skip GMT offset calculations
**/
#define      RTC_GMT_OFFSET      -5

/**
 * Select your DST type
 *       Comment all to skip DST calculation
**/
#define      RTC_DST_TYPE      0 /* US */
//#define      RTC_DST_TYPE      1 /* EU */

// Uncomment this only if you need to check DST prior to 2006
//#define      RTC_CHECK_OLD_DST

#define RTC_DOW_1      PSTR("Sun")      /* First day of the week */
#define RTC_DOW_2      PSTR("Mon")
#define RTC_DOW_3      PSTR("Tue")
#define RTC_DOW_4      PSTR("Wed")
#define RTC_DOW_5      PSTR("Thu")
#define RTC_DOW_6      PSTR("Fri")
#define RTC_DOW_7      PSTR("Sat")

#define RTC_DOW_0      RTC_DOW_4      /* Wednesday is the first day of Epoch: This probably shouldn't change! */

#endif

Rest to follow....

EDIT: Pre 2006 check is now optional to save space.
71  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 13, 2007, 03:50:37 pm
Got it smiley-grin

Apparently the internal xtal's capacitance already matched the DS's internal caps. But I had two 22pF caps there... removed them and bam smiley-grin

I'll post some more code and stuff a bit later

EDIT: this may still not be perfect, the xtal might want some caps, cause the OSF flag is always risen and the possible reasons are
1) The first time power is applied.
2) The voltage present on VCC is insufficient to support oscillation.
3) The [not]EOSC bit is turned off.
4) External influences on the crystal (e.g., noise, leakage, etc.).

It's not the first time power is applied, vcc is fine, EOSC is turned off (note reason 2 has [not]!). So that leaves only reason 4. But is seems to work just fine. I'm fooling around with some Epoch code as we speak.
72  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 13, 2007, 12:52:32 am
Yeah the clock definitely doesn't want to start. I don't see anything in the datasheet about the high bit of the seconds register. I believe the stop/start is tied to EOSC, which I handle in the start/stop functions. :/
73  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 12, 2007, 11:08:45 pm
Oh yeah, it's not actually perfect, I'm not even sure it works properly  :-[ lol
74  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 12, 2007, 10:59:35 pm
I forgot the header file.

Code:
/*
  DS1337.h - library for DS1337 rtc
*/

// ensure this library description is only included once
#ifndef DS1337_h
#define DS1337_h

// include types & constants of Wiring core API
#include <WConstants.h>

// include types & constants of Wire ic2 lib
#include <Wire/Wire.h>

#define DS1337_SEC      0
#define DS1337_MIN      1
#define DS1337_HR      2
#define DS1337_DOW      3
#define DS1337_DATE 4
#define DS1337_MTH      5
#define DS1337_YR      6

#define DS1337_BASE_YR            2000

#define DS1337_CTRL_ID            B1101000

 // Define register bit masks  
#define DS1337_CLOCKHALT      B10000000
 
#define DS1337_LO_BCD            B00001111
#define DS1337_HI_BCD            B11110000

#define DS1337_HI_SEC            B01110000
#define DS1337_HI_MIN            B01110000
#define DS1337_HI_HR            B00110000
#define DS1337_LO_DOW            B00000111
#define DS1337_HI_DATE            B00110000
#define DS1337_HI_MTH            B00110000
#define DS1337_HI_YR            B11110000

#define DS1337_ARLM1            0x07
#define DS1337_ARLM1_LO_SEC      B00001111
#define DS1337_ARLM1_HI_SEC      B01110000
#define DS1337_ARLM1_LO_MIN      B01110000
#define DS1337_ARLM1_HI_MIN      B00001111

#define DS1337_SP                  0x0E
#define      DS1337_SP_EOSC            B10000000
#define      DS1337_SP_RS2            B00010000
#define      DS1337_SP_RS1            B00001000
#define      DS1337_SP_INTCN            B00000100
#define      DS1337_SP_A2IE            B00000010
#define      DS1337_SP_A1IE            B00000001

#define DS1337_STATUS            0x0F
#define DS1337_STATUS_OSF      B10000000
#define DS1337_STATUS_A2F      B00000010
#define DS1337_STATUS_A1F      B00000001

// library interface description
class DS1337
{
      // user-accessible "public" interface
      public:
            DS1337();
            void      get(int *, boolean);
            int            get(int, boolean);
            void      set(int, int);
            void      start(void);
            void      stop(void);
            unsigned char getRegister(unsigned char registerNumber);
            void      setRegister(unsigned char registerNumber, unsigned char registerValue);
            void      unsetRegister(unsigned char registerNumber, unsigned char registerMask);

      // library-accessible "private" interface
      private:
            byte      rtc_bcd[7]; // used prior to read/set DS1337 registers;
            void      read(void);
            void      save(void);
};

extern DS1337 RTC;

#endif
75  Forum 2005-2010 (read only) / Development / Re: Library for DS1307 Real Time Clock on: October 12, 2007, 09:56:09 pm
All it has more is the geek factore smiley-razz It also has a slightly different register layout. This mostly affected the stop/start functions. Also the ds1337 come in a (C) version which has a built in xtal, which can be practical.

As for setting it, sure that's what I though to, but you can't really send bytes through screen. As for epoch, I have some plan on adding NTP... which will deliver the time using an epoch stamp. What ever, that's all just playing with numbers smiley-wink

Here's what the port looks like.
Code:
extern "C" {
      #include <Wire/Wire.h>
      #include <avr/pgmspace.h>
}

#include "DS1337.h"
#include "programStrings.h"

DS1337::DS1337()
{
      Wire.begin();
}

DS1337 RTC=DS1337();

// PRIVATE FUNCTIONS

// Aquire data from the RTC chip in BCD format
// refresh the buffer
void DS1337::read(void)
{
// use the Wire lib to connect to tho rtc
// reset the resgiter pointer to zero
      Wire.beginTransmission(DS1337_CTRL_ID);
      Wire.send(0x00);
      Wire.endTransmission();

// request the 7 bytes of data    (secs, min, hr, dow, date. mth, yr)
      Wire.requestFrom(DS1337_CTRL_ID, 7);
      for(int i=0; i<7; i++)
      {
      // store data in raw bcd format
            if (Wire.available())
                  rtc_bcd[i]=Wire.receive();
      }
}

// update the data on the IC from the bcd formatted data in the buffer
void DS1337::save(void)
{
      Wire.beginTransmission(DS1337_CTRL_ID);
      Wire.send(0x00); // reset register pointer
      for(int i=0; i<7; i++)
      {
            Wire.send(rtc_bcd[i]);
      }
      Wire.endTransmission();
}

unsigned char DS1337::getRegister(unsigned char registerNumber)
{
      Wire.beginTransmission(DS1337_CTRL_ID);
      Wire.send(registerNumber);
      Wire.endTransmission();

      Wire.requestFrom(DS1337_CTRL_ID, 1);
      
      return Wire.receive();
}

void DS1337::setRegister(unsigned char registerNumber, unsigned char registerMask)
{
      Wire.beginTransmission(DS1337_CTRL_ID);
      Wire.send(registerNumber); // reset register pointer
      
      Wire.send(registerMask);
      
      Wire.endTransmission();
}

void DS1337::unsetRegister(unsigned char registerNumber, unsigned char registerMask)
{
      setRegister(registerNumber, (getRegister(registerNumber) & ~registerNumber));
}

// PUBLIC FUNCTIONS
void DS1337::get(int *rtc, boolean refresh)   // Aquire data from buffer and convert to int, refresh buffer if required
{
      if(refresh) read();
      for(int i=0;i<7;i++)  // cycle through each component, create array of data
      {
            rtc[i]=get(i, 0);
      }
}

int DS1337::get(int c, boolean refresh)  // aquire individual RTC item from buffer, return as int, refresh buffer if required
{
      if(refresh) read();
      int v=-1;
      switch(c)
      {
            case DS1337_SEC:
            v=(10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_SEC] & DS1337_HI_SEC)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_SEC] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_MIN:
            v=(10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_MIN] & DS1337_HI_MIN)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_MIN] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_HR:
            v=(10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_HR] & DS1337_HI_HR)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_HR] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_DOW:
            v=rtc_bcd[DS1337_DOW] & DS1337_LO_DOW;
            break;
            case DS1337_DATE:
            v=(10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_DATE] & DS1337_HI_DATE)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_DATE] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_MTH:
            v=(10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & DS1337_HI_MTH)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH] & DS1337_LO_BCD);
            break;
            case DS1337_YR:
            v=(10*((rtc_bcd[DS1337_YR] & DS1337_HI_YR)>>4))+(rtc_bcd[DS1337_YR] & DS1337_LO_BCD)+DS1337_BASE_YR;
            break;
      } // end switch
      return v;
}

void DS1337::set(int c, int v)  // Update buffer, then update the chip
{
      switch(c)
      {
            case DS1337_SEC:
            if(v<60 && v>-1)
            {
            //preserve existing clock state (running/stopped)
                  int state=rtc_bcd[DS1337_SEC] & DS1337_CLOCKHALT;
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_SEC]=state | ((v / 10)<<4) + (v % 10);
            }
            break;
            case DS1337_MIN:
            if(v<60 && v>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_MIN]=((v / 10)<<4) + (v % 10);
            }
            break;
            case DS1337_HR:
            // TODO : AM/PM  12HR/24HR
            if(v<24 && v>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_HR]=((v / 10)<<4) + (v % 10);
            }
            break;
            case DS1337_DOW:
            if(v<8 && v>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_DOW]=v;
            }
            break;
            case DS1337_DATE:
            if(v<31 && v>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_DATE]=((v / 10)<<4) + (v % 10);
            }
            break;
            case DS1337_MTH:
            if(v<13 && v>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_MTH]=((v / 10)<<4) + (v % 10);
            }
            break;
            case DS1337_YR:
            if(v<13 && v>-1)
            {
                  rtc_bcd[DS1337_YR]=((v / 10)<<4) + (v % 10);
            }
            break;
      } // end switch
      save();
}

void DS1337::stop(void)
{
      setRegister(DS1337_SP, DS1337_SP_EOSC);
}

void DS1337::start(void)
{
      unsetRegister(DS1337_SP, DS1337_SP_EOSC);
}
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