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Topic: Simplest AM radio receiver (Read 9160 times) previous topic - next topic

adilmalik

I'm trying to understand how am radios work. But i dont understand the most basic and fundamental parts required for reception of am radio. can some one help me out by telling me how to make the simplest AM receiver and please explain LC circuits.


Thanks!

Erni


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_radio

adilmalik

i just saw the circuit shown in wiki, can i feed the audio output to a op amp instead of using crystal earphones?


adilmalik

So basically i need an antenna, a LC circuit that resonates at the required frequency, a diode (can i use any rectifier diode?), a opamp and earphones?

Grumpy_Mike

Yes that is all you need.
If you wind the coil on a ferrite rod, you can tune the radio by sliding the rod in and out of the coil.

adilmalik

Okay, so how can i calculate the number of turns i need to wind round the core?

adilmalik

so in the lc circuit i can either keep a variable cap or a variable inductor?

Grumpy_Mike

One over two Pi root LC gives you the resonant frequency. (sing it)

The number of turns depends on a lot of things like the diameter.
If you just want to try for medium wave wind 40 turns.
Make the C about 200pF.

adilmalik

can i used a fixed 200uh inductor and just vary the cap? of does it have to be the inductor.

Thanks again

Runaway Pancake


so in the lc circuit i can either keep a variable cap or a variable inductor?

Yes!
Most car radios used to use a variable inductor, less subject to drift vs. temperature compared to a variable capacitor.
"Hello, I must be going..."
"You gotta fight -- for your right -- to party!"
Don't react - Read.
"Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?"

adilmalik

Okay i think i understand now. So the resonant frequency of my LC circuit should cover the AM range?

Grumpy_Mike

This shows you step by step from just household items.
http://scitoys.com/scitoys/scitoys/radio/homemade_radio.html

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(can i use any rectifier diode?

You can but will be able to pick up more stations if you use a germanium diode in place of a rectifying silicon one.

Quote
So the resonant frequency of my LC circuit should cover the AM range?

Yes

adilmalik

thank you again, i finally understand this. 1 more question please, now i know that LC circuits are used during reception of Am but are they also used to transmit RF? example: if i transmit a blank carrier wave and connect it to a LC circuit?

Grumpy_Mike

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but are they also used to transmit RF

They can be if they are part of the oscillator that generates the carrier.
If you have something like a crystal oscillator then you don't need them.

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