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Topic: AAA: cercasi spiegazione codice per "Oscilloscopio" con arduino (Read 24 times) previous topic - next topic

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//clipping indicator variables
boolean clipping = 0;

//data storage variables
byte newData = 0;
byte prevData = 0;
unsigned int time = 0;//keeps time and sends vales to store in timer[] occasionally
int timer[10];//storage for timing of events
int slope[10];//storage for slope of events
unsigned int totalTimer;//used to calculate period
unsigned int period;//storage for period of wave
byte index = 0;//current storage index
float frequency;//storage for frequency calculations
int maxSlope = 0;//used to calculate max slope as trigger point
int newSlope;//storage for incoming slope data

//variables for decided whether you have a match
byte noMatch = 0;//counts how many non-matches you've received to reset variables if it's been too long
byte slopeTol = 3;//slope tolerance- adjust this if you need
int timerTol = 10;//timer tolerance- adjust this if you need

//variables for amp detection
unsigned int ampTimer = 0;
byte maxAmp = 0;
byte checkMaxAmp;
byte ampThreshold = 30;//raise if you have a very noisy signal

void setup(){
 
  Serial.begin(9600);
 
  pinMode(13,OUTPUT);//led indicator pin
  pinMode(12,OUTPUT);//output pin
 
  cli();//diable interrupts
 
  //set up continuous sampling of analog pin 0 at 38.5kHz
 
  //clear ADCSRA and ADCSRB registers
  ADCSRA = 0;
  ADCSRB = 0;
 
  ADMUX |= (1 << REFS0); //set reference voltage
  ADMUX |= (1 << ADLAR); //left align the ADC value- so we can read highest 8 bits from ADCH register only
 
  ADCSRA |= (1 << ADPS2) | (1 << ADPS0); //set ADC clock with 32 prescaler- 16mHz/32=500kHz
  ADCSRA |= (1 << ADATE); //enabble auto trigger
  ADCSRA |= (1 << ADIE); //enable interrupts when measurement complete
  ADCSRA |= (1 << ADEN); //enable ADC
  ADCSRA |= (1 << ADSC); //start ADC measurements
 
  sei();//enable interrupts
}

ISR(ADC_vect) {//when new ADC value ready
 
  PORTB &= B11101111;//set pin 12 low
  prevData = newData;//store previous value
  newData = ADCH;//get value from A0
  if (prevData < 127 && newData >=127){//if increasing and crossing midpoint
    newSlope = newData - prevData;//calculate slope
    if (abs(newSlope-maxSlope)<slopeTol){//if slopes are ==
      //record new data and reset time
      slope[index] = newSlope;
      timer[index] = time;
      time = 0;
      if (index == 0){//new max slope just reset
        PORTB |= B00010000;//set pin 12 high
        noMatch = 0;
        index++;//increment index
      }
      else if (abs(timer[0]-timer[index])<timerTol && abs(slope[0]-newSlope)<slopeTol){//if timer duration and slopes match
        //sum timer values
        totalTimer = 0;
        for (byte i=0;i<index;i++){
          totalTimer+=timer[i];
        }
        period = totalTimer;//set period
        //reset new zero index values to compare with
        timer[0] = timer[index];
        slope[0] = slope[index];
        index = 1;//set index to 1
        PORTB |= B00010000;//set pin 12 high
        noMatch = 0;
      }
      else{//crossing midpoint but not match
        index++;//increment index
        if (index > 9){
          reset();
        }
      }
    }
    else if (newSlope>maxSlope){//if new slope is much larger than max slope
      maxSlope = newSlope;
      time = 0;//reset clock
      noMatch = 0;
      index = 0;//reset index
    }
    else{//slope not steep enough
      noMatch++;//increment no match counter
      if (noMatch>9){
        reset();
      }
    }
  }
   
  if (newData == 0 || newData == 1023){//if clipping
    clipping = 1;//currently clipping
    Serial.println("clipping");
  }
 
  time++;//increment timer at rate of 38.5kHz
 
  ampTimer++;//increment amplitude timer
  if (abs(127-ADCH)>maxAmp){
    maxAmp = abs(127-ADCH);
  }
  if (ampTimer==1000){
    ampTimer = 0;
    checkMaxAmp = maxAmp;
    maxAmp = 0;
  }
 
}

void reset(){//clean out some variables
  index = 0;//reset index
  noMatch = 0;//reset match couner
  maxSlope = 0;//reset slope
}


void checkClipping(){//manage clipping indication
  if (clipping){//if currently clipping
    clipping = 0;
  }
}


void loop(){
 
  checkClipping();
 
 
  if (checkMaxAmp>ampThreshold){
    frequency = 38462/float(period);//calculate frequency timer rate/period
 
    //print results
    Serial.print(frequency);
    Serial.println(" hz");
  }
 
  delay(100);
 
}
/code]


Salve!
Da premettere che sto lavorando a un progetto un po' complesso per le mie conoscenze, però vorrei tanto capire questo codice in modo da poterlo applicare bene nel mio piccolo progettino!
Se qualche anima pia potrebbe mettersi con pazienza e spiegare ne sarei molto grato! Grazie!

In particolare mi servirebbe avere più input, al posto di uno! Qualche idea?

pablos

Fammi capire ... tu posti il codice così senza buongiorno, grazie, senza spiegazioni ..... che dovremmo fare? non ho capito

Quote
In particolare mi servirebbe avere più input, al posto di uno!
da questo con punto esclamativo che dovremmo comprendere? qualsiasi atmel ha + di 1 input ...
no comment

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