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### Topic: Rounding a variable to the nearest quarter (Read 6728 times)previous topic - next topic

#### keyboardbandit

##### Jul 28, 2012, 03:52 am
So I'm working on a project that includes reading out a distance from a Ping))) sensor to a 16x2 lcd.  I have the prototype done on my board and the code works brilliantly... a little too brilliantly.  Using the double variable the lcd is displaying the inches rounded to the nearest 100th, however I want the lcd to display to the nearest quarter inch instead.  For example; if ping.inches() returns 3.81 inches, I want it to display 4 inches instead by rounding up to the nearest .25.

Getting it to round to the nearest whole number is easy (replace "double" with "int"), but that's not accurate enough...

Any guidance on how this can be accomplished would be much appreciated!

Here is the code too in case you wanna check it out:
Code: [Select]
`#include <Ping.h>#include <LiquidCrystal.h>LiquidCrystal lcd(12,11,5,4,3,2);const int buttonPin = 8;Ping ping = Ping(7,0,0);double tareDist;double constDist;double curDist;int val = 0;void setup() {  pinMode(buttonPin, INPUT);  lcd.begin(16,2);  ping.fire();  constDist = ping.inches();   tareTheDist();}void loop() {    lcd.setCursor(0,0);  lcd.print("Patient's Ht:   ");  lcd.setCursor(0,1);    val = digitalRead(buttonPin);    if (val == HIGH){  tareTheDist();  }  ping.fire();  constDist = ping.inches();  lcd.print(tareDist-constDist);  lcd.print(" inches     ");  delay(500);  val == LOW;}void tareTheDist(){    tareDist = constDist;    lcd.setCursor(0,0);    lcd.print("------TARE------");    lcd.setCursor(0,1);    lcd.print("--Please Wait!--");    delay(1000);}`

#### clvrmnky

#1
##### Jul 28, 2012, 04:08 am

So I'm working on a project that includes reading out a distance from a Ping))) sensor to a 16x2 lcd.  I have the prototype done on my board and the code works brilliantly... a little too brilliantly.  Using the double variable the lcd is displaying the inches rounded to the nearest 100th, however I want the lcd to display to the nearest quarter inch instead.  For example; if ping.inches() returns 3.81 inches, I want it to display 4 inches instead by rounding up to the nearest .25.

Getting it to round to the nearest whole number is easy (replace "double" with "int"), but that's not accurate enough...

Any guidance on how this can be accomplished would be much appreciated!

I think this is what you are looking for: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rounding#Rounding_to_a_specified_increment
I yield() for co-routines.

#### johnwasser

#2
##### Jul 28, 2012, 04:36 am
Code: [Select]
`  lcd.print((int)(((tareDist-constDist)*4.0)+0.5)/4.0);`

Multiply by 4.
Add 0.5 and truncate to get to the nearest integer.
Divide by 4.0.

Alternatively you could add 0.125, multiply by 4, truncate, and divide by 4.0.  Same effect.
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#### keyboardbandit

#3
##### Jul 28, 2012, 05:16 am
Wow... math is amazing!

#### Docedison

#4
##### Jul 28, 2012, 05:31 am
I do a lot of monkey math. Math was never my strong suite, I learned what I needed for the work I did... however If I could buy a box of math now... I'd Buy a case...

Doc
--> WA7EMS <--
"The solution of every problem is another problem." -Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
I do answer technical questions PM'd to me with whatever is in my clipboard

#### GoForSmoke

#5
##### Jul 28, 2012, 05:43 am
Start by getting a pre-algebra school book (even an old one), read the chapters and -do the exercises-. By the time you're done you'll understand a whole lot about math in -usable terms- and things like division ("the relational operator") will never seem the same. It might be all you need.

2) http://gammon.com.au/serial
3) http://gammon.com.au/interrupts

#### johnwasser

#6
##### Jul 28, 2012, 12:59 pm

If I could buy a box of math now... I'd Buy a case...

Doc