I bought an XBee shield V03 from geeetech.com
and ran into a shield design problem while checking it out- before installing my Xbee module
It's the same circuit as http://arduino.cc/en/Main/ArduinoXbeeShield
The Xbee modules are 3.3V and my Uno is 5V. For level translation there is a 10k/15k divider to lower Arduino's TX swing.
But for RX, the Xbee runs straight into the Arduino. In theory this works, but I found 5V there and traced it back to the USB transceiver, which also drives the AVR's Rx line through a 1k series resistor. So you get 5V backfeed into the Xbee's TX output pin, which I am not okay with.
I found the same design problem also exists with the newer Arduino Xbee Wireless module
and Arduino Wireless Protoshield
, so any 3.3V RF module will experience this I reckon.
It looks like changing to the newer Leonardo might work, as the serial port OR'ing is not done in hardware. Is this correct? Is there a 3.3V Arduino?