However, there is, at least in theory, a 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0, LPC111X NXP microcontroller in 28 pin DIL capsule that is as easy to use as an Atmega328p.
Unfortunately, it is a fat DIL (page 92 in the datasheet).
Personally I never use DIPs these days, but people still like them for prototyping.
If it is not 10 times faster, likely AVR funs will not abandon so easily their favorite microcontroller for it.
It wouldn't be even remotely close to being 10x faster.