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Topic: Convert angles to microseconds? (Read 1 time) previous topic - next topic

jeffmorris

How do I convert angles to microseconds? I know that 1000ms = 0 degrees, 1500ms = 90 degrees, and 2000ms = 180 degrees. What about 60 degrees and 120 degrees?

retrolefty


How do I convert angles to microseconds? I know that 1000ms = 0 degrees, 1500ms = 90 degrees, and 2000ms = 180 degrees. What about 60 degrees and 120 degrees?


Well you could use the map command.

microValue = map(angleDegrees, 0,180,1000,2000);

Lefty


robtillaart

The map function will do well but might have some (small) error as it uses integer math which does rounding.

90 degrees is a step of 500. so 9 degrees is a step of 50. we can not simplify this in integer space, without rounding errors. we know 0.9 is a step of 5.

so we can do a float function

Code: [Select]
float degree2ms(float degrees)
{
  return 1000.0 + degrees * 50.0/9.0;
}


if we want no float math we can multiply the degrees by an integer const and divide the result at the end.

Code: [Select]

unsigned int degree2ms(unsigned int degrees)
{
  unsigned int rv = degrees * 3; // 0..1080
  rv = rv * 50;  // 0..54000
  rv = rv /9;  // 0..6000
  rv = rv /3;  // 0..200
  return 1000 + rv;
}


This can be rewritten to a oneliner
Code: [Select]

unsigned int degree2ms(unsigned int degrees)
{
  return  1000 + degrees * 150 / 27;
}

to minimize the rounding error of integer math we can add a rounding factor [which is half of the divider].
Code: [Select]

unsigned int degree2ms(unsigned int degrees)
{
  return  1000 + (degrees * 150  + 13) / 27;
}

filling in 60 --> 1333
120 --> 1667
0 --> 1000
180 --> 2000
1 --> 1006
179 --> 1994
Rob Tillaart

Nederlandse sectie - http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/board,77.0.html -
(Please do not PM for private consultancy)

zoomkat

I think the servo library maps degree values to microsecond values, so some tweeking might be done there.
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