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Topic: Making lot of moisture sensors (Read 500 times) previous topic - next topic

RedSquirrel

I want to add moisture sensors around my basement, especially where there are pipes.  I imagine these would be fairly easy to make as I just need two contacts very close to each other and a pull down resistor.  Just wondering if anyone has tips on a way to make one that will last.  I'm thinking just a small block of wood with two screws very close together, the tips sticking out and touching the ground.  I'd put several of these in parallel leading to one that has a pull down resistor.  (that way I don't need to find as many resistors, or use as many inputs).  Idealy I'll probably set these up in zones, so like "crawlspace, server room, laundry room, basement" or something like that.

Any better ideas?   I have everything else covered such as the monitoring system that will alert me. Already have some mouse traps on there, and Hydro Fail sensor.  :smiley-mr-green:

robtillaart

I read a long time ago that someone just uses nails in a moisture detector as part of a resistor dividor.
The trick he applied was not to use 5V + GND but two digital pins [A, B] as 5V and GND . The measurements alternated the current so the oxydation process was partly compensated. The voltage was switched off [A&B both LOW] when there was no measurement in progress.

something like this

PIN A -------NAIL1      NAIL2 ------AnalogIn ------[Resistor] ---- PIN B

code would look like
Code: [Select]
int getMoisture()
{
  static int n = 0;
  int rv = 0;
  n = 1 - n;
  if (n == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(PINA, HIGH);
    rv = analogRead(A0);
    digitalWrite(PINA, LOW);
  }
  else
  {
    digitalWrite(PINB, HIGH);
    rv = 1023 - analogRead(A0);  // reversed read => reversed value;
    digitalWrite(PINB, LOW);
  }
  return rv;
}


hopes this helpes
Rob Tillaart

Nederlandse sectie - http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/board,77.0.html -
(Please do not PM for private consultancy)

LarryD

-Take a length of 2 conductor cable and strip off 2-3 inches of insulation from each wire.
-Cut a piece of cardboard 4" X 1.5" (no wax on the surface)
-Insert the bared wires into two of holes in the cardboard about 1/2" apart
-Place on floor with a weight or tape around a pipe.
The way you have it in your schematic isn't the same as how you have it wired up!

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