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Author Topic: Client and Server runing at the same time  (Read 1453 times)
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Hi,

I was wondering is it possible to run a server and a client at the same time with the Ethernet shield

Ideas?

Regards
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I was wondering is it possible to run a server and a client at the same time with the Ethernet shield
No, but it is possible for a server to make GET requests of other servers, while it is not in the middle of servicing a client request.

Two things can't happen AT THE SAME TIME on an Arduino.
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So, you are saying that i can use a Server to serve the requests that arrive and i need to make some GET to a specific URL i can still use that same server?
Assuming that the GET do not collide with serving the requests...

This way i don´t have to instantiate a Client. Correct?
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So, you are saying that i can use a Server to serve the requests that arrive and i need to make some GET to a specific URL i can still use that same server?
Yes. The Arduino-as-server's focus, when a client connects, needs to be to answer that client's request. When the server has no client requests to deal with, it can initiate GET requests of it's own.

It's a little unusual, and you need to be careful doing it, but it can be done.
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What do you think i should be carefull with?

Only with the question of loosing requests? is that it?
Or are you envisioning other problems?
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Test code that has both client and server functions. The code runs in a loop alternately checking for input to the web server and input on the serial port. If a g is received via the serial port, a get request is made to another web server and result displayed in the serial monitor. If the arduino web server receives a get request from the contained web page , then the arduino pins are made high/low per the request.

Code:
//zoomkat 7-03-12, combined client and server
//simple button GET with iframe code
//for use with IDE 1.0
//open serial monitor and send an g to test client and
//see what the arduino client/server receives
//web page buttons make pin 5 high/low
//use the ' in html instead of " to prevent having to escape the "
//address will look like http://192.168.1.102:84 when submited
//for use with W5100 based ethernet shields
//note that the below bug fix may be required
// http://code.google.com/p/arduino/issues/detail?id=605

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

byte mac[] = {0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED }; //assign arduino mac address
byte ip[] = {192, 168, 1, 102 }; // ip in lan assigned to arduino
byte gateway[] = {192, 168, 1, 1 }; // internet access via router
byte subnet[] = {255, 255, 255, 0 }; //subnet mask
EthernetServer server(84); //server port arduino server will use
EthernetClient client;
char serverName[] = "web.comporium.net"; // (DNS) zoomkat's test web page server
//byte serverName[] = { 208, 104, 2, 86 }; // (IP) zoomkat web page server IP address

String readString; //used by server to capture GET request

//////////////////////

void setup(){

  pinMode(5, OUTPUT); //pin selected to control
  pinMode(6, OUTPUT); //pin selected to control
  pinMode(7, OUTPUT); //pin selected to control
  pinMode(8, OUTPUT); //pin selected to control

  //pinMode(5, OUTPUT); //pin 5 selected to control
  Ethernet.begin(mac,ip,gateway,gateway,subnet);
  server.begin();
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("server/client 1.0 test 7/03/12"); // keep track of what is loaded
  Serial.println("Send an g in serial monitor to test client"); // what to do to test client
}

void loop(){
  // check for serial input
  if (Serial.available() > 0)
  {
    byte inChar;
    inChar = Serial.read();
    if(inChar == 'g')
    {
      sendGET(); // call client sendGET function
    }
  } 

  EthernetClient client = server.available();
  if (client) {
    while (client.connected()) {
      if (client.available()) {
        char c = client.read();

        //read char by char HTTP request
        if (readString.length() < 100) {

          //store characters to string
          readString += c;
          //Serial.print(c);
        }

        //if HTTP request has ended
        if (c == '\n') {

          ///////////////
          Serial.print(readString); //print to serial monitor for debuging

            //now output HTML data header
          if(readString.indexOf('?') >=0) { //don't send new page
            client.println(F("HTTP/1.1 204 Zoomkat"));
            client.println();
            client.println(); 
          }
          else {   
            client.println(F("HTTP/1.1 200 OK")); //send new page on browser request
            client.println(F("Content-Type: text/html"));
            client.println();

            client.println(F("<HTML>"));
            client.println(F("<HEAD>"));
            client.println(F("<TITLE>Arduino GET test page</TITLE>"));
            client.println(F("</HEAD>"));
            client.println(F("<BODY>"));

            client.println(F("<H1>Zoomkat's simple Arduino 1.0 button</H1>"));

            // DIY buttons
            client.println(F("Pin4"));
            client.println(F("<a href=/?on2 target=inlineframe>ON</a>"));
            client.println(F("<a href=/?off3 target=inlineframe>OFF</a><br><br>"));

            client.println(F("Pin5"));
            client.println(F("<a href=/?on4 target=inlineframe>ON</a>"));
            client.println(F("<a href=/?off5 target=inlineframe>OFF</a><br><br>"));

            client.println(F("Pin6"));
            client.println(F("<a href=/?on6 target=inlineframe>ON</a>"));
            client.println(F("<a href=/?off7 target=inlineframe>OFF</a><br><br>"));

            client.println(F("Pin7"));
            client.println(F("<a href=/?on8 target=inlineframe>ON</a>"));
            client.println(F("<a href=/?off9 target=inlineframe>OFF</a><br><br>"));

            client.println(F("Pins"));
            client.println(F("&nbsp;<a href=/?off2468 target=inlineframe>ALL ON</a>"));
            client.println(F("&nbsp;<a href=/?off3579 target=inlineframe>ALL OFF</a><br><br>"));

           
           
                      // mousedown buttons
          client.println(F("<input type=button value=ON onmousedown=location.href='/?on4;' target=inlineframe>"));
          client.println(F("<input type=button value=OFF onmousedown=location.href='/?off5;' target=inlineframe>"));       
          client.println(F("&nbsp;<input type=button value='ALL OFF' onmousedown=location.href='/?off3579;' target=inlineframe><br><br>"));       
                   
          // mousedown radio buttons
          client.println(F("<input type=radio onmousedown=location.href='/?on6;' target=inlineframe>ON</>"));
          client.println(F("<input type=radio onmousedown=location.href='/?off7; target=inlineframe'>OFF</>"));
          client.println(F("&nbsp;<input type=radio onmousedown=location.href='/?off3579;' target=inlineframe>ALL OFF</><br><br>"));   
   
         
          // custom buttons
          client.print(F("<input type=submit value=ON target=inlineframe style=width:100px;height:45px onClick=location.href='/?on8;'>"));
          client.print(F("<input type=submit value=OFF target=inlineframe style=width:100px;height:45px onClick=location.href='/?off9;' target=inlineframe>"));
          client.print(F("&nbsp;<input type=submit value='ALL OFF' target=inlineframe style=width:100px;height:45px onClick=location.href='/?off3579;' target=inlineframe>"));

           
            client.println(F("<IFRAME name=inlineframe style='display:none'>"));         
            client.println(F("</IFRAME>"));

            client.println(F("</BODY>"));
            client.println(F("</HTML>"));
          }

          delay(1);
          //stopping client
          client.stop();

          ///////////////////// control arduino pin
          if(readString.indexOf('2') >0)//checks for 2
          {
            digitalWrite(5, HIGH);    // set pin 5 high
            Serial.println("Led 5 On");
            Serial.println();
          }
          if(readString.indexOf('3') >0)//checks for 3
          {
            digitalWrite(5, LOW);    // set pin 5 low
            Serial.println("Led 5 Off");
            Serial.println();
          }
          if(readString.indexOf('4') >0)//checks for 4
          {
            digitalWrite(6, HIGH);    // set pin 6 high
            Serial.println("Led 6 On");
            Serial.println();
          }
          if(readString.indexOf('5') >0)//checks for 5
          {
            digitalWrite(6, LOW);    // set pin 6 low
            Serial.println("Led 6 Off");
            Serial.println();
          }
          if(readString.indexOf('6') >0)//checks for 6
          {
            digitalWrite(7, HIGH);    // set pin 7 high
            Serial.println("Led 7 On");
            Serial.println();
          }
          if(readString.indexOf('7') >0)//checks for 7
          {
            digitalWrite(7, LOW);    // set pin 7 low
            Serial.println("Led 7 Off");
            Serial.println();
          }     
          if(readString.indexOf('8') >0)//checks for 8
          {
            digitalWrite(8, HIGH);    // set pin 8 high
            Serial.println("Led 8 On");
            Serial.println();
          }
          if(readString.indexOf('9') >0)//checks for 9
          {
            digitalWrite(8, LOW);    // set pin 8 low
            Serial.println("Led 8 Off");
            Serial.println();
          }         

          //clearing string for next read
          readString="";

        }
      }
    }
  }
}

//////////////////////////
void sendGET() //client function to send and receive GET data from external server.
{
  if (client.connect(serverName, 80)) {
    Serial.println("connected");
    client.println("GET /~shb/arduino.txt HTTP/1.0");
    client.println();
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("connection failed");
    Serial.println();
  }

  while(client.connected() && !client.available()) delay(1); //waits for data
  while (client.connected() || client.available()) { //connected or data available
    char c = client.read();
    Serial.print(c);
  }

  Serial.println();
  Serial.println("disconnecting.");
  Serial.println("==================");
  Serial.println();
  client.stop();

}

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