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### Topic: 4x3 led grid array function? (Read 2337 times)previous topic - next topic

#### dtokez

##### Dec 09, 2012, 06:14 amLast Edit: Dec 09, 2012, 06:18 am by dtokez Reason: 1
Hi all, I want to control 12 lights (3 columns 4 rows) like this:

000
000
000
000

Is it possible to program a few different modes (eg centre two lights on only, outside lights on only) using some kind of array?
for example:

111
101
101
111

I don't want to have to do lots of digital writes for each light per different modes.

Each light will have its own pin so I will be using 12 digital pins. Hope that all makes sense

Thanks

#### guix

#1
##### Dec 09, 2012, 06:50 amLast Edit: Dec 09, 2012, 07:03 am by guix Reason: 1
Yes, it's possible with an array, but you could do something like that, instead of an array for each mode, have a single integer:

Code: [Select]
`// the pins where each led is connected, in reverse orderconst uint8_t LED_Pins[] = { 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 };// set a mode using a single intconst uint16_t MODE_1 = 0b111101101111; // this is your example (middle LEDs OFF) in one line void SetLEDArrayMode( uint16_t mode ){  for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 12; i++)    digitalWrite( LED_Pins[i], bool( mode & (1 << i) ) );} void setup(){    SetLEDArrayMode( MODE_1 );}`

Note, the reverse order is because using this method, the bits are read in reverse order too. But if your modes are always "symmetrical", then the order of the pins array will have no importance..

#### dtokez

#2
##### Dec 09, 2012, 05:51 pm
Thanks, I will try that out later in some code and see if I can work out how you have done it

#### dtokez

#3
##### Dec 28, 2012, 03:47 am
I'm just trying to implement your example into some simple code to control LED's via a TLC5940 driver IC

I'm getting confused though, instead of using digital write I need to send a 12bit value to control the brightness of the LED's.

How could I write an array for the values to be sent i.e.
Code: [Select]
`const uint16_t MODE_1 = 4095, 4095, 1000, 0, 0, 500, 700....` and send those values to the 5940?

this is what I have at the moment

Code: [Select]
`#include "Tlc5940.h"const uint16_t MODE_1 = 0b111101101111; // this is your example (middle LEDs OFF) in one lineconst uint8_t LED_Pins[] = { 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 };void setup(){  Tlc.init(0);}void SetLEDArrayMode( uint16_t mode ){  for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 15; i++)    Tlc.set(LED_Pins[i], bool( mode & (1 << i) ) );}void loop(){    SetLEDArrayMode( MODE_1 );    //int PinNum;  //for (PinNum = 0; PinNum < 16; PinNum = PinNum + 1)  //{  //  Tlc.set(PinNum, 500);  //}  //Tlc.update();  //delay(1000);  // Tlc.set(0, 4095);  //Tlc.set(15, 4095);}`

#### lloyddean

#4
##### Dec 28, 2012, 05:57 am
If it helps keep in mind you can visualize the result with this layout for building your patterns and it will still compile.

Code: [Select]
`uint16_t n = 0b0000/   // ignor             111/             101/             101/             111;`

#### dtokez

#5
##### Dec 28, 2012, 03:28 pm

If it helps keep in mind you can visualize the result with this layout for building your patterns and it will still compile.

Code: [Select]
`uint16_t n = 0b0000/   // ignor             111/             101/             101/             111;`

Les, that looks great and very good for visualisation! I still can't work out how to send the 12 bit values to the TLC chip though instead of a 1 or a 0?

#### lloyddean

#6
##### Dec 28, 2012, 06:44 pmLast Edit: Dec 29, 2012, 01:33 am by lloyddean Reason: 1
I have no way  of knowing how you've wired the 16 channels to the LED's so pattern may be reversed

Untested and uncompiled because I'm to lazy to download the driver library to compile against.

Code: [Select]
`#include "Tlc5940.h"const uint16_t pattern = 0b0000/   // ignore these 3-bits                         111/                         101/                         101/                         111;void SetLEDArrayMode(uint16_t pattern, uint16_t luminance){    for ( int mask = 0b0000100000000000, chan = 0; mask; mask >>= 1, chan++ )    {        Tlc.set(chan, ((pattern & mask) ? luminance : 0 ));    }}void loop(){    // 12-bit luminance, 0 - 4095    int luminance   = 4095;                 // full brightness    SetLEDArrayMode(pattern, luminance);}void setup(){    Tlc.init(0);}`

#### dtokez

#7
##### Dec 29, 2012, 03:42 pm
Hi, thanks for that! I can't get my head around how it would work though (not tried it yet).

What does the mask stuff do?

#### lloyddean

#8
##### Dec 29, 2012, 06:20 pmLast Edit: Dec 29, 2012, 06:32 pm by lloyddean Reason: 1
I always place URL's inline and not as links so that they may be seen before use.

'?:'    conditional operator
','     comma operator
'&'     bitwise operator, specifically 'and'
'>>'    bitwise operators, shift-right
'>>='  compound assignment operator

#### dtokez

#9
##### Feb 08, 2013, 01:53 am

I have no way  of knowing how you've wired the 16 channels to the LED's so pattern may be reversed

Untested and uncompiled because I'm to lazy to download the driver library to compile against.

Code: [Select]
`#include "Tlc5940.h"const uint16_t pattern = 0b0000/   // ignore these 3-bits                         111/                         101/                         101/                         111;void SetLEDArrayMode(uint16_t pattern, uint16_t luminance){    for ( int mask = 0b0000100000000000, chan = 0; mask; mask >>= 1, chan++ )    {        Tlc.set(chan, ((pattern & mask) ? luminance : 0 ));    }}void loop(){    // 12-bit luminance, 0 - 4095    int luminance   = 4095;                 // full brightness    SetLEDArrayMode(pattern, luminance);}void setup(){    Tlc.init(0);}`

Hi all. Just working on this idea again but having no success. I can't get the TLC to do anything using either the above code of the code below. How does it work or how should it work? Just want to be able to set a pattern with each bit being a TLC output ie.

111
101
101
111

not sure how that could be implemented into TLC pins?

Code: [Select]
`#include "Tlc5940.h"const uint16_t pattern = 0b0000/   // ignore these 3-bits111/101/101/111;void SetLEDArrayMode(uint16_t pattern, uint16_t luminance){  for ( int mask = 0b0000100000000000, chan = 0; mask; mask >>= 1, chan++ )  {    Tlc.set(chan, ((pattern & mask) ? luminance : 0 ));  }}void loop(){  // 12-bit luminance, 0 - 4095  int luminance   = 4095;                 // full brightness  SetLEDArrayMode(pattern, luminance);  Tlc.set(pattern, luminance);  Tlc.update();  delay(100);}void setup(){  Tlc.init(0);}`

#### lloyddean

#10
##### Feb 08, 2013, 02:06 am
Try this ...

Code: [Select]
`#include "Tlc5940.h"const uint16_t pattern = 0b0000/   // ignore these 3-bits                         111/                         101/                         101/                         111;void SetLEDArrayMode(uint16_t pattern, uint16_t luminance){    Tlc.clear();    for ( int mask = 0b0000100000000000, chan = 0; mask; mask >>= 1, chan++ )    {        Tlc.set(chan, ((pattern & mask) ? luminance : 0 ));    }    Tlc.update();}void loop(){    // 12-bit luminance, 0 - 4095    int luminance   = 4095;                 // full brightness    SetLEDArrayMode(pattern, luminance);}void setup(){    Tlc.init(0);}`

#### dtokez

#11
##### Feb 08, 2013, 11:00 am
Hi, thanks I will give it a try tonight many thanks!

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