Go Down

Topic: How to multiplex 12V LED strips. What's wrong on this approach? (Read 175 times) previous topic - next topic

buzzvertising

Hi Arduino enthusiasts.

I'm trying to drive a matrix of 8x8 LED strips on 12 V

I'm having problems with the implementation and I'm not sure if it is the schematic or the implementation.
Can you advise if the following schematic is a functional one?



I'm using mosfets IRLZ34 and IRF5305.

Any ideas?

Cheers,
Mircea

Paul__B

Circuit looks fine to me.  Obviously your "LEDs" are strips including the current limiting resistors.  Sounds like the correct FETs, though I haven't checked their specs in detail.

What is the problem?  Show your test code.

CrossRoads

I'd lower the base & gate current limit resistors to much less, like 270 ohm.
Designing & building electrical circuits for over 25 years.  Screw Shield for Mega/Due/Uno,  Bobuino with ATMega1284P, & other '328P & '1284P creations & offerings at  my website.

buzzvertising

Hi Paul,

Thank you for your input.
Here is the test code.

Code: [Select]
int latchPin = 7;  //Pin connected to ST_CP of 1st 74595
int clockPin = 8;  //Pin connected to SH_CP of 1st 74595
int dataPin = 9;   //Pin connected to DS of 1st 74595

byte col = 1;
byte row = 1;

void setup() {
  //set pins to output so you can control the shift register
  pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(clockPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(dataPin, OUTPUT);
}

void loop() {
      if (col == 0) {col =1; row = row << 1;}
      if (row == 0) row = 1;
      col = col << 1;
   
    // take the latchPin low so the LEDs don't change while you're sending in bits: 
    digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, row);
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, col);
    // shift out the bits:   
    digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
    /********** Send LOW to all Cathode pins of LED matrix **********/   
    delay(500);
}


My problem is that the leds are lit like there is a short somewhere. Event that the code is supposed to lit one at the time. It lits severals ans some are not 100% lit.
I wanted to be sure that this chematic does not have any design issues.


Paul__B

I'd lower the base & gate current limit resistors to much less, like 270 ohm.
Why?

Should not need to multiplex that fast!

Certainly not for the code now cited.

Thinking on it ...

Paul__B

Aha!  Spotted the common blunder!

The 10k pull-down resistors on the N channel FETS must not connect to the gates, they must connect to the output of the 74HC595s.  (You are using HC series of course, aren't you?)

I think in a roundabout way, this is what CrossRoads meant. :smiley-lol:

However, this fault explains more a failure to turn LEDs on than off.

You haven't accidentally connected them as pull-ups instead of pull-downs, have you?

CrossRoads

The 10K pulldowns are fine, but with 10K on the gate that voltage only goes to 2.5V.
With 10K on the NPN, only 0.4mA goes into the base.
Nothing to do with speed, but about turning on/off the transistors fully.
Designing & building electrical circuits for over 25 years.  Screw Shield for Mega/Due/Uno,  Bobuino with ATMega1284P, & other '328P & '1284P creations & offerings at  my website.

buzzvertising

Thank you CrossRoads and Paul!

So in the end the schematic should look like this?


CrossRoads

That's better. You could lose the 10K pulldowns altogether, they are needed when the signal driving them can be inactive, like an arduino output during reset. With 74HC595 and its OE/ tied low, the gate is always driven high or low, so the pulldown is not needed.
Designing & building electrical circuits for over 25 years.  Screw Shield for Mega/Due/Uno,  Bobuino with ATMega1284P, & other '328P & '1284P creations & offerings at  my website.

Go Up
 


Please enter a valid email to subscribe

Confirm your email address

We need to confirm your email address.
To complete the subscription, please click the link in the email we just sent you.

Thank you for subscribing!

Arduino
via Egeo 16
Torino, 10131
Italy