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Author Topic: IR detector/emitter  (Read 560 times)
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I need help with the basic IR detector/emitter circuit.
I have been trying to test my infrared emitter and detector if it works, I also tried to use a different pair but it's still not working.

Basically, The connection is suppose to function like this - IR detector to control the LED output based on the analog sensor reading input.
The desired result - As hand moves closer to the IR detector, the LED gets brighter.

Please see attached file, it's my connection using Fritzing.
- IR detector is substituted with LDR icon.
- IR emitter is substituted with LED icon.

If you cant see my connection, Its the same as here:

Here is the code I used:

ANALOG I/O: LED Fading with InfraRed Proximity Sensor Input
By Keywon Chung, 2007-07-23
Based on:

int value = 0;                            // variable to keep the actual value coming from the sensor
int irPin = 2;                            // input pin: IR sensor connected to analog pin 2
int ledPin = 13;                           // output pin: light connected to digital pin 9

void setup()
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);                // declare ledPin as an OUTPUT pin

void loop()
  value = analogRead(irPin);              // read the value from the sensor (0-1024, actual 150-700)
  value = (value-150)/2;                  // calibrate 150-700 down to 0-255
  if (value < 0) {
    value = 0;
  if (value > 255) {
    value = 255;
  //digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);           
  analogWrite(ledPin, value);             // sets the value (range from 0 to 255)
  //delay(1000);                          // waits for x milli seconds to see the dimming effect

Got the code from:

I watched videos on youtube, regarding the same thing, and one of em used the same codes and it worked.

Please help! I've been at it for a week already..

* IR_detector_emitter.fzz (4.43 KB - downloaded 13 times.)

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Faraday Member
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The last thing you did is where you should start looking.
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If you have a logic probe, what do you see at the o/p of your detector circuit?

The way you have it in your schematic isn't the same as how you have it wired up! That goes for me too.

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Edison Member
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int irPin = 2;    // input pin: IR sensor connected to analog pin 2

Analog pin 2 is pin 16
You can't analogRead from digital pin 2, which is the one you're setting.
You also haven't declared the analog pin as INPUT
analogWrite(ledPin, value);   
You can't analogWrite to digital pin 13, only to pins 3, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 11.

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