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Topic: if statements , sonar servo (Read 1 time) previous topic - next topic


hello , me and my tutor wrote/cobbled this code together (I'm on a media course and arduino isn't really part of the syllabus to write sonar sensor values to a servo arm.
however it turns out what I need is more simply an if statement so that when the sonar reads in a particular range the servo rotates it's full 180 degrees.

#include <Servo.h>  //include servo library

int configPin = 13;                 //Set the sonar Calibration Pin
Servo myservo;                      // create servo object to control a servo
                                    // a maximum of eight servo objects can be created
int pos = 0;                        // variable to store the servo position           

void setup() {                    //begin of program

Serial.begin(9600);             //serial baud rate 9600
pinMode(configPin,OUTPUT);       //make Calibration pin output

myservo.attach(8);  // attaches the servo on pin 8 to the servo object


void loop(){                     //looping of program

digitalWrite(configPin,HIGH);    //raise the reset pin high
delay(120);                      //start of calibration ring

float sensorvalue = analogRead(0); //get analog sensor value from pin 0

float inchvalue = (254.0/1024.0) *2.0* sensorvalue; //convert to inches

pos = map(sensorvalue, 0, 1023, 0, 179);


myservo.write(pos);                  // sets the servo position according to the scaled value

Serial.print("Sensed a-d value:"); //print a-d text
Serial.println(sensorvalue);       //print a-d value
Serial.print("Inch value=");      //print inch text
Serial.println(inchvalue);        //print inch value

delay(1000);                      //optional delay 1 second
digitalWrite(configPin,LOW);      //turn off Calibration ring and sensor
delay(1000);                      //delay 1 second


I'm relatively sure I cut the mapping portion but I'm not clear where or how to write the if statement. sorry if this is too basic a question if so just direct me a page where I can work it out myself. cheers


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