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Author Topic: Controlling LED and accessing SD using Mega 2560 and Ethernet Shield  (Read 548 times)
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Scotland
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Hi guys, I hope this is in the correct section, new user on here however have some experience in other Arduino projects I have done during my time at uni.

I'm currently working on my final year project at uni and I'm having some problems.  I am able to control LED(s) over the internet and also able to access the SD card on the Ethernet shield however I cannot manage to get the two working together.

The code I have so far sourced from previous posts on the forum and elsewhere (thanks to all) is as follows:

Code:

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Client.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>
#include <Server.h>
#include <Udp.h>
#include <SdFat.h>
#include <SdFatUtil.h>

int ledPin = 26;  // LED pin
String readString = String(30); //string for fetching data from address
boolean LEDON = false; //LED status flag

// Ethernet

byte mac[] = { 0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
byte ip[] = { 192, 168, 0, 150 };
EthernetServer server(42424);

// SD

Sd2Card card;
SdVolume volume;
SdFile root;
SdFile file;

// Store error strings in flash to save RAM
#define error(s) error_P(PSTR(s))

void error_P(const char* str) {
  PgmPrint("error: ");
  SerialPrintln_P(str);
  if (card.errorCode()) {
    PgmPrint("SD error: ");
    Serial.print(card.errorCode(), HEX);
    Serial.print(',');
    Serial.println(card.errorData(), HEX);
  }
  while(1);
}

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
 
  //Set pin 26 to output
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
 
  PgmPrint("Free RAM: ");
  Serial.println(FreeRam()); 
 
  // initialize the SD card at SPI_HALF_SPEED to avoid bus errors with
  // breadboards.  use SPI_FULL_SPEED for better performance.
  pinMode(10, OUTPUT);                       // set the SS pin as an output (necessary!)
  digitalWrite(10, HIGH);                    // but turn off the W5100 chip!

  if (!card.init(SPI_HALF_SPEED, 4)) error("card.init failed!");
 
  // initialize a FAT volume
  if (!volume.init(&card)) error("vol.init failed!");

  PgmPrint("Volume is FAT");
  Serial.println(volume.fatType(),DEC);
  Serial.println();
 
  if (!root.openRoot(&volume)) error("openRoot failed");

  // list file in root with date and size
  PgmPrintln("Files found in root:");
  root.ls(LS_DATE | LS_SIZE);
  Serial.println();
 
  // Recursive list of all directories
  PgmPrintln("Files found in all dirs:");
  root.ls(LS_R);
 
  Serial.println();
  PgmPrintln("Done");
 
  // Debugging complete, we start the server!
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  server.begin();
}

void ListFiles(EthernetClient client, uint8_t flags) {
  // This code is just copied from SdFile.cpp in the SDFat library
  // and tweaked to print to the client output in html!
  dir_t p;
 
  root.rewind();
  client.println("<ul>");
  while (root.readDir(&p) > 0) {
    // done if past last used entry
    if (p.name[0] == DIR_NAME_FREE) break;

    // skip deleted entry and entries for . and  ..
    if (p.name[0] == DIR_NAME_DELETED || p.name[0] == '.') continue;

    // only list subdirectories and files
    if (!DIR_IS_FILE_OR_SUBDIR(&p)) continue;

    // print any indent spaces
    client.print("<li><a href=\"");
    for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 11; i++) {
      if (p.name[i] == ' ') continue;
      if (i == 8) {
        client.print('.');
      }
      client.print((char)p.name[i]);
    }
    client.print("\">");
   
    // print file name with possible blank fill
    for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 11; i++) {
      if (p.name[i] == ' ') continue;
      if (i == 8) {
        client.print('.');
      }
      client.print((char)p.name[i]);
    }
   
    client.print("</a>");
   
    if (DIR_IS_SUBDIR(&p)) {
      client.print('/');
    }

    // print modify date/time if requested
    if (flags & LS_DATE) {
       root.printFatDate(p.lastWriteDate);
       client.print(' ');
       root.printFatTime(p.lastWriteTime);
    }
    // print size if requested
    if (!DIR_IS_SUBDIR(&p) && (flags & LS_SIZE)) {
      client.print(' ');
      client.print(p.fileSize);
    }
    client.println("</li>");
  }
  client.println("</ul>");
}


#define BUFSIZ 100 // Line Buffer

void loop(){
 
  char clientline[BUFSIZ];
  int index = 0;
 
// Create a client connection
EthernetClient client = server.available();
  if (client) {
    while (client.connected()) {
   if (client.available()) {
    char c = client.read();
     //read char by char HTTP request
    if (readString.length() < 100)
      {
        //store characters to string
        readString += c; //replaces readString.append(c);
      }
        //output chars to serial port
        Serial.print(c);
        //if HTTP request has ended
        if (c == '\n') {
          //skip of "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
          if (readString.indexOf("?") <0)
          {
            //skip everything
          }
          else
          //check if LED should be lighted
        if(readString.indexOf("L=1") >0)//replaces if(readString.contains("L=1"))
           {
             //led has to be turned ON
             digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);    // set the LED on
             LEDON = true;
           }else{
             //led has to be turned OFF
             digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);    // set the LED OFF
             LEDON = false;
           }
          // now output HTML data starting with standart header
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();
          //set background to white
          client.print("<body style=background-color:white>");
 
          //controlling led via checkbox
          client.println("<h1>LED Control</h1>");
          //address will look like http://192.168.1.110/?L=1 when submitted
          if (LEDON)
          client.println("<form method=get name=LED><input type=checkbox name=L value=1 CHECKED> LED<br><br><input type=submit value=submit></form>");
          else
          client.println("<form method=get name=LED><input type=checkbox name=L value=1>LED<br><br><input type=submit value=submit></form>");
          client.println("<br />");
          //printing LED status
          client.print("<font size='5'>Light status: ");
          if (LEDON)
              client.println("<font color='green' size='5'>ON");
          else
              client.println("<font color='grey' size='5'>OFF");
          ListFiles(client, LS_SIZE);
          client.println("<hr />");
          client.println("</body></html>");
          //clearing string for next read
          readString="";
          //stopping client
          client.stop();
            }
          }
        }
      }
 }

What this is resulting in is me being able to access the Arduino remotely and control the LED connected and also lists the contents of the SD card however clicking on the file's link just takes me to 192.168.0.150:42424/test.txt.  I know I am missing some code but what I have tried so far results in a huge delay before anything manages to output on the screen and ultimately doesn't work. 

If anyone can point me in the right direction or help fill the gaps it would be much appreciated.
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And where is the code to access the files on the SD card? You haven't included that part into your sketch.
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And where is the code to access the files on the SD card? You haven't included that part into your sketch.

The code I have been using is from http://www.ladyada.net/learn/arduino/ethfiles.html and is as follows:

Code:

#include <SdFat.h>
#include <SdFatUtil.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>
#include <SPI.h>

/************ ETHERNET STUFF ************/
byte mac[] = { 0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
byte ip[] = { 192, 168, 0, 150 };
EthernetServer server(42424);

/************ SDCARD STUFF ************/
Sd2Card card;
SdVolume volume;
SdFile root;
SdFile file;

// store error strings in flash to save RAM
#define error(s) error_P(PSTR(s))

void error_P(const char* str) {
  PgmPrint("error: ");
  SerialPrintln_P(str);
  if (card.errorCode()) {
    PgmPrint("SD error: ");
    Serial.print(card.errorCode(), HEX);
    Serial.print(',');
    Serial.println(card.errorData(), HEX);
  }
  while(1);
}

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
 
  PgmPrint("Free RAM: ");
  Serial.println(FreeRam()); 
 
  // initialize the SD card at SPI_HALF_SPEED to avoid bus errors with
  // breadboards.  use SPI_FULL_SPEED for better performance.
  pinMode(10, OUTPUT);                       // set the SS pin as an output (necessary!)
  digitalWrite(10, HIGH);                    // but turn off the W5100 chip!

  if (!card.init(SPI_HALF_SPEED, 4)) error("card.init failed!");
 
  // initialize a FAT volume
  if (!volume.init(&card)) error("vol.init failed!");

  PgmPrint("Volume is FAT");
  Serial.println(volume.fatType(),DEC);
  Serial.println();
 
  if (!root.openRoot(&volume)) error("openRoot failed");

  // list file in root with date and size
  PgmPrintln("Files found in root:");
  root.ls(LS_DATE | LS_SIZE);
  Serial.println();
 
  // Recursive list of all directories
  PgmPrintln("Files found in all dirs:");
  root.ls(LS_R);
 
  Serial.println();
  PgmPrintln("Done");
 
  // Debugging complete, we start the server!
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  server.begin();
}

void ListFiles(EthernetClient client, uint8_t flags) {
  // This code is just copied from SdFile.cpp in the SDFat library
  // and tweaked to print to the client output in html!
  dir_t p;
 
  root.rewind();
  client.println("<ul>");
  while (root.readDir(&p) > 0) {
    // done if past last used entry
    if (p.name[0] == DIR_NAME_FREE) break;

    // skip deleted entry and entries for . and  ..
    if (p.name[0] == DIR_NAME_DELETED || p.name[0] == '.') continue;

    // only list subdirectories and files
    if (!DIR_IS_FILE_OR_SUBDIR(&p)) continue;

    // print any indent spaces
    client.print("<li><a href=\"");
    for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 11; i++) {
      if (p.name[i] == ' ') continue;
      if (i == 8) {
        client.print('.');
      }
      client.print((char)p.name[i]);
    }
    client.print("\">");
   
    // print file name with possible blank fill
    for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 11; i++) {
      if (p.name[i] == ' ') continue;
      if (i == 8) {
        client.print('.');
      }
      client.print((char)p.name[i]);
    }
   
    client.print("</a>");
   
    if (DIR_IS_SUBDIR(&p)) {
      client.print('/');
    }

    // print modify date/time if requested
    if (flags & LS_DATE) {
       root.printFatDate(p.lastWriteDate);
       client.print(' ');
       root.printFatTime(p.lastWriteTime);
    }
    // print size if requested
    if (!DIR_IS_SUBDIR(&p) && (flags & LS_SIZE)) {
      client.print(' ');
      client.print(p.fileSize);
    }
    client.println("</li>");
  }
  client.println("</ul>");
}

// How big our line buffer should be. 100 is plenty!
#define BUFSIZ 100

void loop()
{
  char clientline[BUFSIZ];
  int index = 0;
 
  EthernetClient client = server.available();
  if (client) {
    // an http request ends with a blank line
    boolean current_line_is_blank = true;
   
    // reset the input buffer
    index = 0;
   
    while (client.connected()) {
      if (client.available()) {
        char c = client.read();
       
        // If it isn't a new line, add the character to the buffer
        if (c != '\n' && c != '\r') {
          clientline[index] = c;
          index++;
          // are we too big for the buffer? start tossing out data
          if (index >= BUFSIZ)
            index = BUFSIZ -1;
         
          // continue to read more data!
          continue;
        }
       
        // got a \n or \r new line, which means the string is done
        clientline[index] = 0;
       
        // Print it out for debugging
        Serial.println(clientline);
       
        // Look for substring such as a request to get the root file
        if (strstr(clientline, "GET / ") != 0) {
          // send a standard http response header
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();
         
          // print all the files, use a helper to keep it clean
          client.println("<h1>SD Card</h1><br>");
          client.println("<h2>Files:</h2>");
          ListFiles(client, LS_SIZE);
        } else if (strstr(clientline, "GET /") != 0) {
          // this time no space after the /, so a sub-file!
          char *filename;
         
          filename = clientline + 5; // look after the "GET /" (5 chars)
          // a little trick, look for the " HTTP/1.1" string and
          // turn the first character of the substring into a 0 to clear it out.
          (strstr(clientline, " HTTP"))[0] = 0;
         
          // print the file we want
          Serial.println(filename);

          if (! file.open(&root, filename, O_READ)) {
            client.println("HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found");
            client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
            client.println();
            client.println("<h2>File Not Found!</h2>");
            break;
          }
         
          Serial.println("Opened!");
                   
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/plain");
          client.println();
         
          int16_t c;
          while ((c = file.read()) > 0) {
              // uncomment the serial to debug (slow!)
              //Serial.print((char)c);
              client.print((char)c);
          }
          file.close();
        } else {
          // everything else is a 404
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();
          client.println("<h2>File Not Found!</h2>");
        }
        break;
      }
    }
    // give the web browser time to receive the data
    delay(1);
    client.stop();
  }
}

I have tried numerous different ways to implement this in the sketch I posted but my efforts result in a blank screen or numerous errors when compiling.
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Some test code for controlling servos via sliders on a web page. Not exactly what you are looking for, but maybe close.

Code:
//zoomkat 2/26/13
//SD server slider test code
//open serial monitor to see what the arduino receives
//browser address will look like http://192.168.1.102:84/servosld.htm when submited
//for use with W5100 based ethernet shields
//put the servosld.htm, slider.js, bluev_sl.gif,
//and bluev_bg.gif on the SD card
//download flies at:
// http://web.comporium.net/~shb/pix/servosld.htm
// http://web.comporium.net/~shb/pix/slider.js
// http://web.comporium.net/~shb/pix/bluev_bg.gif
// http://web.comporium.net/~shb/pix/bluev_sl.gif
//

#include <SD.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

#include <Servo.h>
Servo myservoa, myservob, myservoc, myservod;  // create servo object to control a servo
Servo myservoe, myservof, myservog; // myservoh not used due to lack of another free pin
String readString, pos;

byte mac[] = { 0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED }; //physical mac address
byte ip[] = { 192, 168, 1, 102 }; // ip in lan
byte gateway[] = { 192, 168, 1, 1 }; // internet access via router
byte subnet[] = { 255, 255, 255, 0 }; //subnet mask
EthernetServer server(84); //server port

//////////////////////

void setup(){

  Serial.begin(9600);

  // disable w5100 while setting up SD
  pinMode(10,OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(10,HIGH);
  Serial.print("Starting SD..");
  if(!SD.begin(4)) Serial.println("failed");
  else Serial.println("ok");

  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip, gateway, gateway, subnet);

  //delay(2000);
  server.begin();
  Serial.println("Ready");

  myservoa.attach(2);  //the pin for the servoa control
  myservob.attach(3);  //the pin for the servob control
  myservoc.attach(5);  //the pin for the servoc control
  myservod.attach(6);  //the pin for the servod control
  myservoe.attach(7);  //the pin for the servoa control
  myservof.attach(8);  //the pin for the servob control
  myservog.attach(9);  //the pin for the servoc control
  //myservoh.attach(10);  //the pin for the servod control

}

void loop(){
  // Create a client connection
  EthernetClient client = server.available();
  if (client) {
    while (client.connected()) {
      if (client.available()) {
        char c = client.read();

        //read char by char HTTP request
        if (readString.length() < 100) {
          //store characters to string
          readString += c;
          //Serial.print(c);
        }
        //if HTTP request has ended
        if (c == '\n') {

          ///////////////
          Serial.println(readString); //print to serial monitor for debuging

            //select proper header for file to be sent to browser

          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK"); //send new page
          if(readString.indexOf("servosld") >=0) {
            client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
            client.println();
          }

          if(readString.indexOf("slider") >=0) {
            client.println("Content-Type: application/x-javascript");
            client.println();
          }

          if(readString.indexOf("bluev") >=0) {
            client.println("Content-Type: image/gif");
            client.println();
          }

          //select file to send to browser
          if(readString.indexOf("servosld") >=0) {
            File myFile = SD.open("SERVOSLD.HTM");
            if (myFile) {

              byte clientBuf[64];
              int clientCount = 0;             

              while (myFile.available())
              {
                clientBuf[clientCount] = myFile.read();
                clientCount++;

                if(clientCount > 63)
                {
                  client.write(clientBuf,64);
                  clientCount = 0;
                }               
              }
              if(clientCount > 0) client.write(clientBuf,clientCount);           
              myFile.close();
            }
          }

          if(readString.indexOf("slider") >=0) {
            File myFile = SD.open("slider.js");
            if (myFile) {

              byte clientBuf[64];
              int clientCount = 0;             

              while (myFile.available())
              {
                clientBuf[clientCount] = myFile.read();
                clientCount++;

                if(clientCount > 63)
                {
                  client.write(clientBuf,64);
                  clientCount = 0;
                }               
              }
              if(clientCount > 0) client.write(clientBuf,clientCount);
              myFile.close();
            }
          }

          if(readString.indexOf("bluev_sl") >=0) {
            File myFile = SD.open("bluev_sl.gif");
            if (myFile) {

              byte clientBuf[64];
              int clientCount = 0;             

              while (myFile.available())
              {
                clientBuf[clientCount] = myFile.read();
                clientCount++;

                if(clientCount > 63)
                {
                  client.write(clientBuf,64);
                  clientCount = 0;
                }               
              }
              if(clientCount > 0) client.write(clientBuf,clientCount);
              myFile.close();
            }
          }

          if(readString.indexOf("bluev_bg") >=0) {
            File myFile = SD.open("bluev_bg.gif");
            if (myFile) {

              byte clientBuf[64];
              int clientCount = 0;             

              while (myFile.available())
              {
                clientBuf[clientCount] = myFile.read();
                clientCount++;

                if(clientCount > 63)
                {
                  client.write(clientBuf,64);
                  clientCount = 0;
                }               
              }
              if(clientCount > 0) client.write(clientBuf,clientCount);
              myFile.close();
            }
          }

          delay(1);
          //stopping client
          client.stop();

          //process GET string request from client and and position servo

          pos = readString.substring(8, 12); //get the first four characters         
          //Serial.println(pos);
          int n = pos.toInt();  //convert readString into a number   
          Serial.println(n);
          Serial.println();

          if(readString.indexOf("?0") >0) myservoa.writeMicroseconds(n);
          if(readString.indexOf("?1") >0) myservob.writeMicroseconds(n);
          if(readString.indexOf("?2") >0) myservoc.writeMicroseconds(n);
          if(readString.indexOf("?3") >0) myservod.writeMicroseconds(n);
          if(readString.indexOf("?4") >0) myservoe.writeMicroseconds(n);
          if(readString.indexOf("?5") >0) myservof.writeMicroseconds(n);
          if(readString.indexOf("?6") >0) myservog.writeMicroseconds(n);
          //only seven servo pins, so back to myservoa for testing
          if(readString.indexOf("?7") >0) myservoa.writeMicroseconds(n);

          //clearing string for next read
          readString="";
          pos="";
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

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The integration of your LED stuff into the sketch for the file delivery is probably the easier and better (because that sketch doesn't use the String class) solution.
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I get the following on zoomkat's slider page code: (exactly what I'm looking for btw)

error:
'Sd2Card' does not name a type

Code:
Sd2Card card;

I assume I'm missing a library?

Keith Rowell
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Quote
I assume I'm missing a library?

I copied the code I posted, pasted it in the arduino 1.0.4 IDE, and it compliled without any issues. Are you using an older IDE or perhaps the SDfat library?
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