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Topic: arduinoDue + sensors(ping)-first-steps (Read 737 times) previous topic - next topic

nomad

hi,
i have a arduino due with ide-1.5.2 under win7 and ubuntu 10.10
install and run "hello world" OK
this are my first steps in the arduinoDue-world:

now my problem:
i want read the output of the parallax-ping
my code: sketch_ping1 / sketch_pings:
the original code is eventually for uno or something
i change the pingPin from 7 to 22 (on duo this are the digital pins)
upload ok running ok
but no correct output == 0 in, 0cm
i have testet the ping-device with the parallax-propeller-C3-board
and its ok
sketch_ping1
Code: [Select]

/* Ping))) Sensor

   This sketch reads a PING))) ultrasonic rangefinder and returns the
   distance to the closest object in range. To do this, it sends a pulse
   to the sensor to initiate a reading, then listens for a pulse
   to return.  The length of the returning pulse is proportional to
   the distance of the object from the sensor.
     
   The circuit:
    * +V connection of the PING))) attached to +5V
    * GND connection of the PING))) attached to ground
    * SIG connection of the PING))) attached to digital pin 22

   http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/Ping
   
   created 3 Nov 2008
   by David A. Mellis
   modified 30 Aug 2011
   by Tom Igoe

   This example code is in the public domain.

*/

// this constant won't change.  It's the pin number
// of the sensor's output:
const int pingPin = 22; // 7

void setup() {
  // initialize serial communication:
  Serial.begin(9600);
}

void loop()
{
  // establish variables for duration of the ping,
  // and the distance result in inches and centimeters:
  long duration, inches, cm;

  // The PING))) is triggered by a HIGH pulse of 2 or more microseconds.
  // Give a short LOW pulse beforehand to ensure a clean HIGH pulse:
  pinMode(pingPin, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(pingPin, LOW);
  //delayMicroseconds(2);
  digitalWrite(pingPin, HIGH);
  //delayMicroseconds(5);
  digitalWrite(pingPin, LOW);

  // The same pin is used to read the signal from the PING))): a HIGH
  // pulse whose duration is the time (in microseconds) from the sending
  // of the ping to the reception of its echo off of an object.
  pinMode(pingPin, INPUT);
  duration = pulseIn(pingPin, HIGH);

  // convert the time into a distance
  inches = microsecondsToInches(duration);
  cm = microsecondsToCentimeters(duration);

  Serial.print(inches);
  Serial.print("in, ");
  Serial.print(cm);
  Serial.print("cm");
  Serial.println();

  delay(100);
}

long microsecondsToInches(long microseconds)
{
  // According to Parallax's datasheet for the PING))), there are
  // 73.746 microseconds per inch (i.e. sound travels at 1130 feet per
  // second).  This gives the distance travelled by the ping, outbound
  // and return, so we divide by 2 to get the distance of the obstacle.
  // See: http://www.parallax.com/dl/docs/prod/acc/28015-PING-v1.3.pdf
  return microseconds / 74 / 2;
}

long microsecondsToCentimeters(long microseconds)
{
  // The speed of sound is 340 m/s or 29 microseconds per centimeter.
  // The ping travels out and back, so to find the distance of the
  // object we take half of the distance travelled.
  return microseconds / 29 / 2;
}


sketch_ping2
Code: [Select]

const int signal=22;
int distance;
unsigned long pulseduration=0;

void setup()
{
pinMode(signal, OUTPUT);
Serial.begin(9600);
}

void measureDistance()
{
// set pin as output so we can send a pulse
pinMode(signal, OUTPUT);

// set output to LOW
digitalWrite(signal, LOW);
delayMicroseconds(5);

// now send the 5uS pulse out to activate Ping)))
digitalWrite(signal, HIGH);
delayMicroseconds(5);
digitalWrite(signal, LOW);

// now we need to change the digital pin
// to input to read the incoming pulse
pinMode(signal, INPUT);

// finally, measure the length of the incoming pulse
pulseduration=pulseIn(signal, HIGH);
}

void loop()
{
// get the raw measurement data from Ping)))
measureDistance();

// divide the pulse length by half
pulseduration=pulseduration/2;

// now convert to centimetres. We're metric here people...
distance = int(pulseduration/29);

// Display on serial monitor
Serial.print("Distance - ");
Serial.print(distance);
Serial.println(" cm");
delay(500);
}


this is my first step with the arduino due-board.
and somethings going wrong and i have no idea whats going on.
excuse my cross-posting (sensors and Deutsch)
thanks for help , hints and tricks.
excuse my bad english
regards nomad


TheKitty

You might read http://arduino.cc/en/Reference/PulseIn and add the timeout variable to see if the sensor times out (or not).

nomad

hi TheKitty,
thanks for your answer
i make some tests
regards nomad

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