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Topic: nicad charger (Read 2549 times) previous topic - next topic


I am updating a lot of my gadgets to use arduino, one of which has an internal  nicad charger, with a simple constant current charger, and I use a pair of thermistors in series to detect when the battery pack is charged.
One thermistor is in contact with the side of one of the batteries, and the other is mounted slightly apart from the battery pack.

I can obvlously take the centre tap to an analog input of the micro, and switch off the constant current transistor when the batteries start warming, which is basically what I have been doing with the discrete version.

But I might be missing an opportunity to use the micro as a truly intelligent charger.
I have done a search on the arduino site, but can only come up with a PIC version, and I dont speak the language :-).

Should I rather stick to the simple temperature rise detection ?, or has anyone seen a decent arduino charge project?
45 years of editing projects with a knife and soldering iron, then I found Arduino !


Well, I did something a bit like this with a robot project a while back. The obvious thing to do is to sense the battery voltage as it charges by having a potential divider connecting to an Analog input.

I then used a PWM output to control, the charging current. Well when I say control, I mean I just switched it over to trickle when the voltage reached the right value.
I write books about Arduino and Electronics: http://simonmonk.org


Try the maxim site - you can get free samples, they will answer questions about their devices.
You haven't given enough info to steer you further down the selection tree yet tho.
Designing & building electrical circuits for over 25 years.  Screw Shield for Mega/Due/Uno,  Bobuino with ATMega1284P, & other '328P & '1284P creations & offerings at  my website.


Nov 11, 2010, 04:29 am Last Edit: Nov 11, 2010, 04:51 am by John_Smith Reason: 1
Thanks guys, the Maxim route is very expensive here in South Africa, so as there doesn't seem to be an existing Arduino charger around, I have sketched one based on my existing design.
The advantage this has for me is that I can program the chip not to switch the charger back on again when the batteries have cooled down, which used to happen which keeps them topped up, but not needed most times.
I could have it recharge every couple of days if left on charge...
One of the thermistors touches the battery to sense the heat as the charging cycle is finished. There are 2 thermistors to cancel out any temperature changes in the unit. With a red LED and a 1 ohm resistor it will charge at about 750mA, so the 12v supply should be able to handle this, or increase the 1 ohm to 2.2 ohm to reduce the current to about 350mA.
45 years of editing projects with a knife and soldering iron, then I found Arduino !


Have you read this...
AVR450: Battery Charger for SLA, NiCd, NiMH and Li-Ion Batteries
This Reference Design is a battery charger that fully implements the latest technology in battery charger designs. The charger can fast-charge all popular battery types without any hardware modifications.

AVR463: Charging Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries with ATAVRBC100
This application note is based on the ATAVRBC100 Battery Charger reference design and focuses on how to use it to charge Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries. The firmware is written entirely in C language and is easy to port to other AVR microcontrollers.


Thanks, theres a lot of good info there
45 years of editing projects with a knife and soldering iron, then I found Arduino !

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