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Topic: help - arduino firmware and heart rate monitor (Read 829 times) previous topic - next topic

Bean

Dec 08, 2008, 07:59 pm Last Edit: Dec 08, 2008, 07:59 pm by Bean Reason: 1
Hi there I'm new to the forums and arduino and seem to have bitten off a little more than I can chew with a project.  If I have posted this in the wrong place could a mod please move it.

I have an aruino board that I have a pulse monitor attached to one of the digital ins, I will also be using some of the other analogue ins for temperature and light resistors.

Courtesy of a friend I have a piece of code that I am trying to implement to calculate the heart rate and output it to Max msp.

From what I understand I need to incorporate the code into the firmware im running on the board.

Would anybody please be able to give me some help or advice on how to achieve this.

Regards

Graeme

Heartrate code :


int heart = 8;
//pin that the heart rate is read from
int heartDetect=0;
//detects if value has been sent to Arduino
int heartRate = 0;
//heart rate
int prevState = 0;
//used to check if data has come through
unsigned long previousPrintTime;
//declares time variable

void setup()
{
 Serial.begin(19200);
 //sets serial speed
 pinMode(heart, INPUT);
 //declares didgital pin as an input pin
}

void loop()
{
 heartDetect = digitalRead(heart);
 //assigns value of pin to a variable

 if ((heartDetect == HIGH) && (prevState == 0)){
   prevState = 1;
   heartRate = heartRate + 1;
   //Used to add each heart beat to the next
 }
 else if (heartDetect ==  LOW) {
   prevState = 0;
 }

 if (millis() - previousPrintTime > 10000){
   previousPrintTime = millis();
   Serial.print(heartRate, DEC);
   Serial.print(0, BYTE);        

   heartRate = 0;
   //Above statement sends values to the serial port which are pulled in by Flash
 }

}                



Firmware:
The firmware I'm using is the firmware found here on
parasitaere-kapazitaeten - Pduino for Max - maxuino 004


michelef

Basically what you have to do is to copy/past the code in the Arduino IDE of your computer (which are available here http://arduino.cc/en/Main/Software). Then with a USB cable (if needed the drivers are in the downloads) you upload it in the Arduino.

It looks like it sends the heart rate back to the computer which can also be read in the IDE

Quite simple ;-)

Bean

So I load the firmware onto the board then the code?

Does the code not over write the firmware though ?

Bean

Right lets try this again, I've tried adding the heart rate code into the firmware code so that I still have full functionality of the bored though when I compile it I'm recieving an error message:[code]
/*
* Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
* of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* See file LICENSE for further informations on licensing terms.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
* Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
*
* ------------------------------

   -----------------------------
    * Firmata, the general purpose sensorbox firmware for Arduino
    * -----------------------------------------------------------
    *
    * Firmata turns the Arduino into a Plug-n-Play sensorbox, servo
    * controller, and/or PWM motor/lamp controller.
    *
    * It was originally designed to work with the Pd object [arduino]
    * which is included in Pd-extended.  This firmware is intended to
    * work with any host computer software package.  It can easily be
    * used with other programs like Max/MSP, Processing, or whatever can
    * do serial communications.
    *
    * @author: Hans-Christoph Steiner <hans@at.or.at>
    *   help with initial protocol redesign: Jamie Allen <jamie@heavyside.net>
    *   much protocol discussion: the Arduino developers mailing list
    *   key bugfixes: Georg Holzmann <grh@mur.at>
    *                 Gerda Strobl <gerda.strobl@student.tugraz.at>
    * @date: 2006-05-19
    * @locations: STEIM, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    *             IDMI/Polytechnic University, Brookyn, NY, USA
    *             Electrolobby Ars Electronica, Linz, Austria
    */

   /*
    * TODO: add pulseOut functionality for servos
    * TODO: add software PWM for servos, etc (servo.h or pulse.h)
    * TODO: add device type reporting (i.e. some firmwares will use the Firmata
    *       protocol, but will only support specific devices, like ultrasound
    *       rangefinders or servos)
    * TODO: use Program Control to load stored profiles from EEPROM
    */

   /* cvs version: $Id: Pd_firmware.pde,v 1.29 2007/03/08 05:37:22 eighthave Exp $ */

   /*==============================================================================
    * MESSAGE FORMATS
    *============================================================================*/

   /* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * MAPPING DATA TO MIDI
    *
    * This protocol uses the MIDI message format, but does not use the whole
    * protocol.  Most of the command mappings here will not be directly usable in
    * terms of MIDI controllers and synths.  It should co-exist with MIDI without
    * trouble and can be parsed by standard MIDI interpreters.  Just some of the
    * message data is used differently.
    *
    * MIDI format: http://www.harmony-central.com/MIDI/Doc/table1.html
    *
    *                              MIDI      
    * type                command  channel    first byte            second byte
    * -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * analog I/O            0xE0   pin #      LSB(bits 0-6)         MSB(bits 7-13)
    * digital I/O           0x90   port base  LSB(bits 0-6)         MSB(bits 7-13)
    * report analog pin     0xC0   pin #      disable/enable(0/1)   - n/a -
    * report digital ports  0xD0   port base  disable/enable(0/1)   - n/a -
    *
    * digital pin mode(I/O) 0xF4   - n/a -    pin # (0-63)          pin state(0=in)
    * firmware version      0xF9   - n/a -    minor version         major version
    * system reset          0xFF   - n/a -    - n/a -               - n/a -
    *
    */

   /* proposed extensions using SysEx
    *
    * type      SysEx start  command  data bytes                         SysEx stop
    * -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * pulse I/O   0xF0        0xA0   five 7-bit chunks, LSB first             0xF7
    * shiftOut    0xF0        0xF5   dataPin; clockPin; 7-bit LSB; 7-bit MSB  0xF7
    */

   /* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * DATA MESSAGE FORMAT */

   /* two byte digital data format
    * ----------------------------
    * 0  digital data, 0x90-0x9F, (MIDI NoteOn, but different data usage)
    * 1  digital pins 0-6 bitmask
    * 2  digital pins 7-13 bitmask
    */

   /* analog 14-bit data format
    * -------------------------
    * 0  analog pin, 0xE0-0xEF, (MIDI Pitch Wheel)
    * 1  analog least significant 7 bits
    * 2  analog most significant 7 bits
    */

   /* version report format
    * Send a single byte 0xF9, Arduino will reply with:
    * -------------------------------------------------
    * 0  version report header (0xF9) (MIDI Undefined)
    * 1  minor version (0-127)
    * 2  major version (0-127)
    */

   /* pulseIn/Out (uses 32-bit value)
    * -------------------------------
    * 0  START_SYSEX (0xF0) (MIDI System Exclusive)
    * 1  pulseIn/Out (0xA0-0xAF)
    * 2  bits 0-6 (least significant byte)
    * 3  bits 7-13
    * 4  bits 14-20
    * 5  bits 21-27
    * 6  bits 28-34 (most significant byte)
    * 7  END_SYSEX (0xF7) (MIDI End of SysEx - EOX)
    */

   /* shiftIn/Out (uses 8-bit value)
    * ------------------------------
    * 0  START_SYSEX (0xF0)
    * 1  shiftOut (0xF5)
    * 2  dataPin (0-127)
    * 3  clockPin (0-127)
    * 4  bits 0-6 (least significant byte)
    * 5  bit 7 (most significant bit)
    * 6  END_SYSEX (0xF7)
    */

   /* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * CONTROL MESSAGES */

   /* set digital pin mode
    * --------------------
    * 1  set digital pin mode (0xF4) (MIDI Undefined)
    * 2  pin number (0-127)
    * 3  state (INPUT/OUTPUT, 0/1)
    */

   /* toggle analogIn reporting by pin
    * --------------------------------
    * 0  toggle digitalIn reporting (0xC0-0xCF) (MIDI Program Change)
    * 1  disable(0)/enable(non-zero)
    */

   /* toggle digitalIn reporting by port pairs
    * ----------------------------------------
    * 0  toggle digitalIn reporting (0xD0-0xDF) (MIDI Aftertouch)
    * 1  disable(0)/enable(non-zero)
    */

   /* request version report
    * ----------------------
    * 0  request version report (0xF9) (MIDI Undefined)
    */

   /*==============================================================================
    * MACROS
    *============================================================================*/

   /* Version numbers for the protocol.  The protocol is still changing, so these
    * version numbers are important.  This number can be queried so that host
    * software can test whether it will be compatible with the currently
    * installed firmware. */
   #define FIRMATA_MAJOR_VERSION   1 // for non-compatible changes
   #define FIRMATA_MINOR_VERSION   0 // for backwards compatible changes

   /* total number of pins currently supported */
   #define TOTAL_ANALOG_PINS       6
   #define TOTAL_DIGITAL_PINS      14

   // for comparing along with INPUT and OUTPUT
   #define PWM                     2

   // for selecting digital inputs
   #define PB  2  // digital input, pins 8-13
   #define PC  3  // analog input port
   #define PD  4  // digital input, pins 0-7

   #define MAX_DATA_BYTES 2 // max number of data bytes in non-SysEx messages
   /* message command bytes */
   #define DIGITAL_MESSAGE         0x90 // send data for a digital pin
   #define ANALOG_MESSAGE          0xE0 // send data for an analog pin (or PWM)
   //#define PULSE_MESSAGE           0xA0 // proposed pulseIn/Out message (SysEx)
   //#define SHIFTOUT_MESSAGE        0xB0 // proposed shiftOut message (SysEx)
   #define REPORT_ANALOG_PIN       0xC0 // enable analog input by pin #
   #define REPORT_DIGITAL_PORTS    0xD0 // enable digital input by port pair
   #define START_SYSEX             0xF0 // start a MIDI SysEx message
   #define SET_DIGITAL_PIN_MODE    0xF4 // set a digital pin to INPUT or OUTPUT
   #define END_SYSEX               0xF7 // end a MIDI SysEx message
   #define REPORT_VERSION          0xF9 // report firmware version
   #define SYSTEM_RESET            0xFF // reset from MIDI

   /*==============================================================================
    * GLOBAL VARIABLES
    *============================================================================*/

   /* input message handling */
   byte waitForData = 0; // this flag says the next serial input will be data
   byte executeMultiByteCommand = 0; // execute this after getting multi-byte data
   byte multiByteChannel = 0; // channel data for multiByteCommands
   byte storedInputData[MAX_DATA_BYTES] = {0,0}; // multi-byte data
   /* digital pins */
 

Bean

boolean digitalInputsEnabled = false; // output digital inputs or not
   int digitalInputs;
   int previousDigitalInputs; // previous output to test for change
   int digitalPinStatus = 3; // bitwise array to store pin status, ignore RxTx pins
   /* PWM/analog outputs */
   int pwmStatus = 0; // bitwise array to store PWM status
   /* analog inputs */
   unsigned int analogPinsToReport = 0; // bitwise array to store pin reporting
   int analogPin = 0; // counter for reading analog pins
   int analogData; // storage variable for data from analogRead()
   /* timer variables */
   extern volatile unsigned long timer0_overflow_count; // timer0 from wiring.c
   unsigned long nextExecuteTime; // for comparison with timer0_overflow_count


  int heart = 8;
  //pin that the heart rate is read from
  int heartDetect=0;
  //detects if value has been sent to Arduino
  int heartRate = 0;
 //heart rate
 int prevState = 0;
 //used to check if data has come through
 unsigned long previousPrintTime;
 //declares time variable




   /*==============================================================================
    * FUNCTIONS                                                              
    *============================================================================*/
   /* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * output the version message to the serial port  */
   void printVersion() {
     Serial.print(REPORT_VERSION, BYTE);
     Serial.print(FIRMATA_MINOR_VERSION, BYTE);
     Serial.print(FIRMATA_MAJOR_VERSION, BYTE);
   }

   /* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * output digital bytes received from the serial port  */
   void outputDigitalBytes(byte pin0_6, byte pin7_13) {
     int i;
     int mask;
     int twoBytesForPorts;
     
   // this should be converted to use PORTs
     twoBytesForPorts = pin0_6 + (pin7_13 << 7);
     for(i=2; i<TOTAL_DIGITAL_PINS; ++i) { // ignore Rx,Tx pins (0 and 1)
       mask = 1 << i;
       if( (digitalPinStatus & mask) && !(pwmStatus & mask) ) {
         digitalWrite(i, twoBytesForPorts & mask ? HIGH : LOW);
       }
     }
   }

   /* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * check all the active digital inputs for change of state, then add any events
    * to the Serial output queue using Serial.print() */
   void checkDigitalInputs(void) {
     if(digitalInputsEnabled) {
       previousDigitalInputs = digitalInputs;
       digitalInputs = PINB << 8;  // get pins 8-13
       digitalInputs += PIND;      // get pins 0-7
       digitalInputs = digitalInputs &~ digitalPinStatus; // ignore pins set OUTPUT
       if(digitalInputs != previousDigitalInputs) {
         // TODO: implement more ports as channels for more than 16 digital pins
         Serial.print(DIGITAL_MESSAGE,BYTE);
         Serial.print(digitalInputs % 128, BYTE); // Tx pins 0-6
         Serial.print(digitalInputs >> 7, BYTE);  // Tx pins 7-13
       }
     }
   }

   // -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   /* sets the pin mode to the correct state and sets the relevant bits in the
    * two bit-arrays that track Digital I/O and PWM status
    */
   void setPinMode(byte pin, byte mode) {
     if(pin > 1) { // ignore RxTx pins (0,1)
       if(mode == INPUT) {
         digitalPinStatus = digitalPinStatus &~ (1 << pin);
         pwmStatus = pwmStatus &~ (1 << pin);
         digitalWrite(pin,LOW); // turn off pin before switching to INPUT
         pinMode(pin,INPUT);
       }
       else if(mode == OUTPUT) {
         digitalPinStatus = digitalPinStatus | (1 << pin);
         pwmStatus = pwmStatus &~ (1 << pin);
         pinMode(pin,OUTPUT);
       }
       else if( mode == PWM ) {
         digitalPinStatus = digitalPinStatus | (1 << pin);
         pwmStatus = pwmStatus | (1 << pin);
         pinMode(pin,OUTPUT);
       }
     // TODO: save status to EEPROM here, if changed
     }
   }

   // -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   /* sets bits in a bit array (int) to toggle the reporting of the analogIns
    */
   void setAnalogPinReporting(byte pin, byte state) {
     if(state == 0) {
       analogPinsToReport = analogPinsToReport &~ (1 << pin);
     }
     else { // everything but 0 enables reporting of that pin
       analogPinsToReport = analogPinsToReport | (1 << pin);
     }
     // TODO: save status to EEPROM here, if changed
   }

   /* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * processInput() is called whenever a byte is available on the
    * Arduino's serial port.  This is where the commands are handled. */
   void processInput(int inputData) {
     int command;
   
     // a few commands have byte(s) of data following the command
     if( (waitForData > 0) && (inputData < 128) ) {
       waitForData--;
       storedInputData[waitForData] = inputData;
       if( (waitForData==0) && executeMultiByteCommand ) { // got the whole message
         switch(executeMultiByteCommand) {
         case ANALOG_MESSAGE:
           setPinMode(multiByteChannel,PWM);
           analogWrite(multiByteChannel,
           (storedInputData[0] << 7) + storedInputData[1] );
           break;
         case DIGITAL_MESSAGE:
           outputDigitalBytes(storedInputData[1], storedInputData[0]); //(LSB, MSB)
           break;
         case SET_DIGITAL_PIN_MODE:
           setPinMode(storedInputData[1], storedInputData[0]); // (pin#, mode)
           if(storedInputData[0] == INPUT)
             digitalInputsEnabled = true; // enable reporting of digital inputs
           break;
         case REPORT_ANALOG_PIN:
           setAnalogPinReporting(multiByteChannel,storedInputData[0]);
           break;
         case REPORT_DIGITAL_PORTS:
           // TODO: implement MIDI channel as port base for more than 16 digital inputs
           if(storedInputData[0] == 0)
             digitalInputsEnabled = false;
           else
             digitalInputsEnabled = true;
           break;
         }
         executeMultiByteCommand = 0;
       }  
     } else {
       // remove channel info from command byte if less than 0xF0
       if(inputData < 0xF0) {
         command = inputData & 0xF0;
         multiByteChannel = inputData & 0x0F;
       } else {
         command = inputData;
         // commands in the 0xF* range don't use channel data
       }
       switch (command) { // TODO: these needs to be switched to command
       case ANALOG_MESSAGE:
       case DIGITAL_MESSAGE:
       case SET_DIGITAL_PIN_MODE:
         waitForData = 2; // two data bytes needed
         executeMultiByteCommand = command;
         break;
       case REPORT_ANALOG_PIN:
       case REPORT_DIGITAL_PORTS:
         waitForData = 1; // two data bytes needed
         executeMultiByteCommand = command;
         break;
       case SYSTEM_RESET:
         // this doesn't do anything yet
         break;
       case REPORT_VERSION:
         printVersion();
         break;
       }
     }
   }

   /* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * this function checks to see if there is data waiting on the serial port
    * then processes all of the stored data
    */
   void checkForSerialReceive() {
     while(Serial.available())
       processInput(Serial.read());
   }

   // =============================================================================
   // used for flashing the pin for the version number
   void pin13strobe(int count, int onInterval, int offInterval) {
     byte i;
     pinMode(13, OUTPUT);
     for(i=0; i<count; i++) {
       delay(offInterval);
       digitalWrite(13,1);
       delay(onInterval);
       digitalWrite(13,0);
     }
   }

   /*==============================================================================
    * SETUP()
    *============================================================================*/
   void setup() {
     byte i;

     Serial.begin(57600); // 9600, 14400, 38400, 57600, 115200

     // flash the pin 13 with the protocol version
     pinMode(13,OUTPUT);
     pin13strobe(2,1,4); // separator, a quick burst
     delay(500);
     pin13strobe(FIRMATA_MAJOR_VERSION, 200, 400);
     delay(500);
     pin13strobe(2,1,4); // separator, a quick burst
     delay(500);
     pin13strobe(FIRMATA_MINOR_VERSION, 200, 400);
     delay(500);
     pin13strobe(2,1,4); // separator, a quick burst

     for(i=0; i<TOTAL_DIGITAL_PINS; ++i) {
       setPinMode(i,INPUT);
     }
     // TODO: load state from EEPROM here

     printVersion();

     /* TODO: send digital inputs here, if enabled, to set the initial state on the
      * host computer, since once in the loop(), the Arduino will only send data on
      * change. */
   }


 void setup() {
  Serial.begin(19200);
  //sets serial speed
  pinMode(heart, INPUT);
  //declares didgital pin as an input pin
 }



   /*==============================================================================
    * LOOP()
    *============================================================================*/
   void loop() {
   /* DIGITALREAD - as fast as possible, check for changes and output them to the
   

Bean

* FTDI buffer using Serial.print()  */
     checkDigitalInputs();
     if(timer0_overflow_count > nextExecuteTime) {
       nextExecuteTime = timer0_overflow_count + 19; // run this every 20ms
       /* SERIALREAD - Serial.read() uses a 128 byte circular buffer, so handle
        * all serialReads at once, i.e. empty the buffer */
       checkForSerialReceive();
       /* SEND FTDI WRITE BUFFER - make sure that the FTDI buffer doesn't go over
        * 60 bytes. use a timer to sending an event character every 4 ms to
        * trigger the buffer to dump. */
     
       /* ANALOGREAD - right after the event character, do all of the
        * analogReads().  These only need to be done every 4ms. */
       for(analogPin=0;analogPin<TOTAL_ANALOG_PINS;analogPin++) {
         if( analogPinsToReport & (1 << analogPin) ) {
           analogData = analogRead(analogPin);
           Serial.print(ANALOG_MESSAGE + analogPin, BYTE);
           // These two bytes converted back into the 10-bit value on host
           Serial.print(analogData % 128, BYTE);
           Serial.print(analogData >> 7, BYTE);
         }
       }
     }
   }


  void loop()
{
 heartDetect = digitalRead(heart);
 //assigns value of pin to a variable

 if ((heartDetect == HIGH) && (prevState == 0)){
   prevState = 1;
   heartRate = heartRate + 1;
   //Used to add each heart beat to the next
 }
 else if (heartDetect ==  LOW) {
   prevState = 0;
 }

 if (millis() - previousPrintTime > 10000){
   previousPrintTime = millis();
   Serial.print(heartRate, DEC);
   Serial.print(0, BYTE);        

   heartRate = 0;
   //Above statement sends values to the serial port which are pulled in by Flash
 }

}  

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