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Topic: Binary counter with 16 Leds (Read 964 times) previous topic - next topic

JimiH

Feb 27, 2011, 04:41 pm Last Edit: Feb 27, 2011, 04:43 pm by JimiH Reason: 1
Hello

I am following the shiftout tutorial on the site and have completed the counting upto 256 using one 595 shift register. I have added the second 595 and connected a further 8 Led's. This counts up on the Red Led's and down on the Green Led's still using 256, what I want to do is count up using all the Led's. So thats Bin 1111111111111111 = 65535. How would I change the code to achieve this?


Code: [Select]
//**************************************************************//
//  Name    : shiftOutCode, Dual Binary Counters                 //
//  Author  : Carlyn Maw, Tom Igoe                               //
//  Date    : 25 Oct, 2006                                       //
//  Version : 1.0                                                //
//  Notes   : Code for using a 74HC595 Shift Register            //
//          : to count from 0 to 255                             //
//**************************************************************//

//Pin connected to ST_CP of 74HC595
int latchPin = 8;
//Pin connected to SH_CP of 74HC595
int clockPin = 12;
////Pin connected to DS of 74HC595
int dataPin = 11;



void setup() {
 //Start Serial for debuging purposes
 Serial.begin(9600);
 //set pins to output because they are addressed in the main loop
 pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);

}

void loop() {
 //count up routine
 for (int j = 0; j < 256; j++) {
   //ground latchPin and hold low for as long as you are transmitting
   digitalWrite(latchPin, 0);
   //count up on GREEN LEDs
   shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, j);
   //count down on RED LEDs
   shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, 255-j);
   //return the latch pin high to signal chip that it
   //no longer needs to listen for information
   digitalWrite(latchPin, 1);
   delay(1000);
 }
}

void shiftOut(int myDataPin, int myClockPin, byte myDataOut) {
 // This shifts 8 bits out MSB first,
 //on the rising edge of the clock,
 //clock idles low

..//internal function setup
 int i=0;
 int pinState;
 pinMode(myClockPin, OUTPUT);
 pinMode(myDataPin, OUTPUT);

. //clear everything out just in case to
. //prepare shift register for bit shifting
 digitalWrite(myDataPin, 0);
 digitalWrite(myClockPin, 0);

 //for each bit in the byte myDataOut?
 //NOTICE THAT WE ARE COUNTING DOWN in our for loop
 //This means that %00000001 or "1" will go through such
 //that it will be pin Q0 that lights.
 for (i=7; i>=0; i--)  {
   digitalWrite(myClockPin, 0);

   //if the value passed to myDataOut and a bitmask result
   // true then... so if we are at i=6 and our value is
   // %11010100 it would the code compares it to %01000000
   // and proceeds to set pinState to 1.
   if ( myDataOut & (1<<i) ) {
     pinState= 1;
   }
   else {
     pinState= 0;
   }

   //Sets the pin to HIGH or LOW depending on pinState
   digitalWrite(myDataPin, pinState);
   //register shifts bits on upstroke of clock pin  
   digitalWrite(myClockPin, 1);
   //zero the data pin after shift to prevent bleed through
   digitalWrite(myDataPin, 0);
 }

 //stop shifting
 digitalWrite(myClockPin, 0);
}


Thanks

Geoff

robtillaart

use  unsigned int  iso  int as it can go to 65535 = 1111 ...1 (16x)

- http://www.arduino.cc/en/Reference/UnsignedInt
Rob Tillaart

Nederlandse sectie - http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/board,77.0.html -
(Please do not PM for private consultancy)

JimiH

Thanks that looks like what I need. Any example of how i would incorporate this into the shiftout code?
Code: [Select]
//**************************************************************//
//  Name    : shiftOutCode, Hello World                               
//  Author  : Carlyn Maw,Tom Igoe, David A. Mellis
//  Date    : 25 Oct, 2006   
//  Modified: 23 Mar 2010                                 
//  Version : 2.0                                             
//  Notes   : Code for using a 74HC595 Shift Register           //
//          : to count from 0 to 255                           
//****************************************************************

//Pin connected to ST_CP of 74HC595
int latchPin = 8;
//Pin connected to SH_CP of 74HC595
int clockPin = 12;
////Pin connected to DS of 74HC595
int dataPin = 11;



void setup() {
  //set pins to output so you can control the shift register
  pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(clockPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(dataPin, OUTPUT);
}

void loop() {
  // count from 0 to 255 and display the number
  // on the LEDs
  for (int numberToDisplay = 0; numberToDisplay < 256; numberToDisplay++) {
    // take the latchPin low so
    // the LEDs don't change while you're sending in bits:
    digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
    // shift out the bits:
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay); 

    //take the latch pin high so the LEDs will light up:
    digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
    // pause before next value:
    delay(500);
  }
}


regards

Geoff

robtillaart

Read - http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/ShiftOut - carefully especially the part about red /green leds at the end.

The code should be something like below (not tested)
Code: [Select]

void loop()
{
  for (unsigned int numberToDisplay = 0;  ; numberToDisplay++)  // it will automagically wrap around ..
  {
    digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay % 256);  lower byte
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay / 256);  higher byte
    digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
    delay(500);
  }
}

be aware 65535 * 500 millisec = 32767 seconds, thats about 9 hours for one loop...
Rob Tillaart

Nederlandse sectie - http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/board,77.0.html -
(Please do not PM for private consultancy)

JimiH

thanks that seemed to work. i was surprised to see the second 595 counts first. so i swapped the LED inputs about. So the second 595 has the first LED's attached and the first 595 has the second LED's. I have the serial monitor printing and it counts up fine.

Just out of interest since I have this setup how would I specify a single number to display like "43690" which would hopefully display 1010101010101010 (On, off, On off etc)?

Regards

Geoff

Grumpy_Mike

Code: [Select]

void display(unsigned int numberToDisplay){
    digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay % 256);  lower byte
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay / 256);  higher byte
    digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
}

// then use
   display(43690);

JimiH

Thanks Mike I'll give that a go.

Geoff

JimiH

Wow this doesn't want to go in??

I keep getting a
Code: [Select]
"core.a(main.cpp.o): In function `main':
C:\Program Files\ARDUINO\arduino-0022\hardware\arduino\cores\arduino/main.cpp:10: undefined reference to `loop'


Cant see where its gone wrong?

I have read you right Mike Void (display) instead of Void (loop)?
Code: [Select]
//**************************************************************//
//  Name    : shiftOutCode, Hello World                               
//  Author  : Carlyn Maw,Tom Igoe, David A. Mellis
//  Date    : 25 Oct, 2006   
//  Modified: 23 Mar 2010                                 
//  Version : 2.0                                             
//  Notes   : Code for using a 74HC595 Shift Register           //
//          : Display specified value                         
//****************************************************************

//Pin connected to ST_CP of 74HC595
int latchPin = 8;
//Pin connected to SH_CP of 74HC595
int clockPin = 12;
////Pin connected to DS of 74HC595
int dataPin = 11;


void setup() {
  //set pins to output so you can control the shift register
  pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(clockPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(dataPin, OUTPUT);
    Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("reset");
}

void display(unsigned int numberToDisplay){
    digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay % 256);  //lower byte
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay / 256); // higher byte
    digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
     display(43690);
}


Thanks

Geoff

Grumpy_Mike

Quote

I have read you right Mike Void (display) instead of Void (loop)?



No you always need a loop, you need the display as well, and you call it anywhere you want. Here I have put it in the setup();


Code: [Select]
//**************************************************************//
//  Name    : shiftOutCode, Hello World                               
//  Author  : Carlyn Maw,Tom Igoe, David A. Mellis
//  Date    : 25 Oct, 2006   
//  Modified: 23 Mar 2010                                 
//  Version : 2.0                                             
//  Notes   : Code for using a 74HC595 Shift Register           //
//          : Display specified value                         
//****************************************************************

//Pin connected to ST_CP of 74HC595
int latchPin = 8;
//Pin connected to SH_CP of 74HC595
int clockPin = 12;
////Pin connected to DS of 74HC595
int dataPin = 11;


void setup() {
  //set pins to output so you can control the shift register
  pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(clockPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(dataPin, OUTPUT);
    Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("reset");
       display(43690);
}

void loop(){
}

void display(unsigned int numberToDisplay){
    digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay % 256);  //lower byte
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, numberToDisplay / 256); // higher byte
    digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
}

JimiH

Thanks Mike, still learning only had it a week  :smiley-red:

Geoff

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