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Topic: Need some help using the makefile (Read 2513 times) previous topic - next topic


Hi All...

I am trying to use the command line compiler and the makefile. I followed the instructions int he makefile. I'm running on Windows 7.

I created amake.bat file with this one line:


When I run it, I get this:

make: *** No rule to make target `My', needed by `applet_files'.  Stop.

My sketch does end in .pde and it is the same name as the folder. Anyone run into this before?



Are you in the sketch folder when you run the batch file?

If so you shouldn't need a batch file if the path is set correctly.

Post the makefile.

Rob Gray aka the GRAYnomad www.robgray.com


Yes the batch file is int he sketch folder. For some reason make is not in the path:

C:\Users\Jim\My Documents\arduino\rp4n_arduino>path
PATH=C:\WATCOM\BINNT;C:\WATCOM\BINW;C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shar
ed\Windows Live;C:\Windows\system32;C:\Windows;C:\Windows\System32\Wbem;C:\Windo
ws\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\;C:\Program Files\shadeBlue\Indigo;C:\Program
Files\Windows Live\Shared;C:\Program Files\QuickTime\QTSystem\

C:\Users\Jim\My Documents\arduino\rp4n_arduino>

Here is the makefile:

Code: [Select]
# Arduino 0011 Makefile
# Arduino adaptation by mellis, eighthave, oli.keller
# This makefile allows you to build sketches from the command line
# without the Arduino environment (or Java).
# Detailed instructions for using the makefile:
#  1. Copy this file into the folder with your sketch. There should be a
#     file with the same name as the folder and with the extension .pde
#     (e.g. foo.pde in the foo/ folder).
#  2. Modify the line containg "INSTALL_DIR" to point to the directory that
#     contains the Arduino installation (for example, under Mac OS X, this
#     might be /Applications/arduino-0012).
#  3. Modify the line containing "PORT" to refer to the filename
#     representing the USB or serial connection to your Arduino board
#     (e.g. PORT = /dev/tty.USB0).  If the exact name of this file
#     changes, you can use * as a wildcard (e.g. PORT = /dev/tty.usb*).
#  4. Set the line containing "MCU" to match your board's processor.
#     Older one's are atmega8 based, newer ones like Arduino Mini, Bluetooth
#     or Diecimila have the atmega168.  If you're using a LilyPad Arduino,
#     change F_CPU to 8000000.
#  5. At the command line, change to the directory containing your
#     program's file and the makefile.
#  6. Type "make" and press enter to compile/verify your program.
#  7. Type "make upload", reset your Arduino board, and press enter to
#     upload your program to the Arduino board.
# $Id$

TARGET = $(notdir $(CURDIR))

#INSTALL_DIR = /Users/dmellis/Source/arduino/trunk/build/macosx/build/work
INSTALL_DIR = C:\Users\Jim\Desktop\arduino-0022

PORT = /dev/tty.usb*
MCU = atmega644P
F_CPU = 16000000

# Below here nothing should be changed...

ARDUINO = $(INSTALL_DIR)/hardware/cores/arduino
AVR_TOOLS_PATH = $(INSTALL_DIR)/hardware/tools/avr/bin
SRC =  $(ARDUINO)/pins_arduino.c $(ARDUINO)/wiring.c \
$(ARDUINO)/wiring_analog.c $(ARDUINO)/wiring_digital.c \
$(ARDUINO)/wiring_pulse.c $(ARDUINO)/wiring_serial.c \
$(ARDUINO)/wiring_shift.c $(ARDUINO)/WInterrupts.c
CXXSRC = $(ARDUINO)/HardwareSerial.cpp $(ARDUINO)/WMath.cpp
FORMAT = ihex

# Name of this Makefile (used for "make depend").
MAKEFILE = Makefile

# Debugging format.
# Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are stabs [default], or dwarf-2.
# AVR (extended) COFF requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run.
DEBUG = stabs

OPT = s

# Place -D or -U options here

# Place -I options here

# Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
# c89   - "ANSI" C
# gnu89 - c89 plus GCC extensions
# c99   - ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
# gnu99 - c99 plus GCC extensions
CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99
CWARN = -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes
CTUNING = -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums
#CEXTRA = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst)

#ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs

# Programming support using avrdude. Settings and variables.
AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:applet/$(TARGET).hex
AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -V -F -C $(INSTALL_DIR)/hardware/tools/avr/etc/avrdude.conf \

# Program settings
CC = $(AVR_TOOLS_PATH)/avr-gcc
CXX = $(AVR_TOOLS_PATH)/avr-g++
OBJCOPY = $(AVR_TOOLS_PATH)/avr-objcopy
OBJDUMP = $(AVR_TOOLS_PATH)/avr-objdump
AR  = $(AVR_TOOLS_PATH)/avr-ar
SIZE = $(AVR_TOOLS_PATH)/avr-size
NM = $(AVR_TOOLS_PATH)/avr-nm
REMOVE = rm -f
MV = mv -f

# Define all object files.
OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(CXXSRC:.cpp=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o)

# Define all listing files.
LST = $(ASRC:.S=.lst) $(CXXSRC:.cpp=.lst) $(SRC:.c=.lst)

# Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
# Add target processor to flags.
ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS)
ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)

# Default target.
all: applet_files build sizeafter

build: elf hex

applet_files: $(TARGET).pde
# Here is the "preprocessing".
# It creates a .cpp file based with the same name as the .pde file.
# On top of the new .cpp file comes the WProgram.h header.
# At the end there is a generic main() function attached.
# Then the .cpp file will be compiled. Errors during compile will
# refer to this new, automatically generated, file.
# Not the original .pde file you actually edit...
test -d applet || mkdir applet
echo '#include "WProgram.h"' > applet/$(TARGET).cpp
cat $(TARGET).pde >> applet/$(TARGET).cpp
cat $(ARDUINO)/main.cxx >> applet/$(TARGET).cpp

elf: applet/$(TARGET).elf
hex: applet/$(TARGET).hex
eep: applet/$(TARGET).eep
lss: applet/$(TARGET).lss
sym: applet/$(TARGET).sym

# Program the device. 
upload: applet/$(TARGET).hex

# Display size of file.
HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) applet/$(TARGET).hex
ELFSIZE = $(SIZE)  applet/$(TARGET).elf
@if [ -f applet/$(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(HEXSIZE); echo; fi

@if [ -f applet/$(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(HEXSIZE); echo; fi

# Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or VMLAB.
COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
--change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
--change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
--change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
--change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000

coff: applet/$(TARGET).elf
$(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr applet/$(TARGET).elf $(TARGET).cof

extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
$(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr applet/$(TARGET).elf $(TARGET).cof

.SUFFIXES: .elf .hex .eep .lss .sym

$(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@

-$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
--change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@

# Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
$(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@

# Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
$(NM) -n $< > $@

# Link: create ELF output file from library.
applet/$(TARGET).elf: $(TARGET).pde applet/core.a
$(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) -o $@ applet/$(TARGET).cpp -L. applet/core.a $(LDFLAGS)

applet/core.a: $(OBJ)
@for i in $(OBJ); do echo $(AR) rcs applet/core.a $$i; $(AR) rcs applet/core.a $$i; done

# Compile: create object files from C++ source files.
$(CXX) -c $(ALL_CXXFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Compile: create object files from C source files.
$(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
$(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
$(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Target: clean project.
$(REMOVE) applet/$(TARGET).hex applet/$(TARGET).eep applet/$(TARGET).cof applet/$(TARGET).elf \
applet/$(TARGET).map applet/$(TARGET).sym applet/$(TARGET).lss applet/core.a \
$(OBJ) $(LST) $(SRC:.c=.s) $(SRC:.c=.d) $(CXXSRC:.cpp=.s) $(CXXSRC:.cpp=.d)

if grep '^# DO NOT DELETE' $(MAKEFILE) >/dev/null; \
then \
sed -e '/^# DO NOT DELETE/,$$d' $(MAKEFILE) > \
$(MAKEFILE).$$$$ && \
$(MV) $(MAKEFILE).$$$$ $(MAKEFILE); \
echo '# DO NOT DELETE THIS LINE -- make depend depends on it.' \
>> $(MAKEFILE); \
$(CC) -M -mmcu=$(MCU) $(CDEFS) $(CINCS) $(SRC) $(ASRC) >> $(MAKEFILE)

.PHONY: all build elf hex eep lss sym program coff extcoff clean depend applet_files sizebefore sizeafter


By the way, the primary reason i am trying to do this is so that I can specify command line options to the compiler, mostly -O2 and maybe -O3.

Thanks very much.


The error looks like there's a reference somewhere to one of those stupid "My" folders like "My Documents" and most command line tools can't handle a space in a path.

However I see no reference to something like that in the makefile so I'm at a loss for the moment.

EDIT: I just noticed this

C:\Users\Jim\My Documents\arduino\rp4n_arduino>

I'd say the makefile is picking up the current folder and using that in one of the rules, move the lot to another folder with no spaces in the path.

Rob Gray aka the GRAYnomad www.robgray.com


That was it, thanks Rob. Now I am just working my way through tons of stupid make problems and remembering why I used to HATE working with make files :-(


He he, after 15 years of NOT using makefiles I find that's now my preferred development method with Arduino.

Rob Gray aka the GRAYnomad www.robgray.com


Maybe I'll come to like it too, but not tonight. :-(

Since I am using cores from someone else, I made this change:

#ARDUINO = $(INSTALL_DIR)/hardware/arduino-extras/cores/arduino

Now make can not find the library include files. I see this:

# Place -I options here

But i don't see how that can work, even with the prior value for ARDUINO which pointed to arduino/cores/srduino.

What am i missing?


It won't work with that line removed of course. I would think you reinstate it and point it to where ever your core files are.

Rob Gray aka the GRAYnomad www.robgray.com


Hi Rob, no of course it won't, I just copied and pasted that after I had tried a bunch of different things. I guess I am trying to understand why this makefile points the include search path where it does, which is into the cores. It needs to be told how to find the library include files which are in a bunch of folders beneath the library folder. That's what I'm working on now.

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