The Uno doesn't have enough analog pins to support that layout. The Uno has six analog inputs, and you'll need eight, in order to connect the four photo transistors from the compound eye, and the four LDRs for the corner sensors.
You'll need to either use an Arduino Mega, or add an analog multiplexer, such as the 74HC4067, to expand the number of analog inputs available to you.
The Arduino uses very straightforward pinout identification, and what you posted shows exactly what to connect (except for the fact there is no analog A6 or A7 on an Uno). Read up on the hardware reference athttp://arduino.cc/en/Main/ArduinoBoardUno
as it explains what all the pins do, and how they are named.