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Author Topic: ATMEL Mega1284P evaluation board avalible  (Read 66932 times)
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mnnis,
That seemed to work.
I copied in my pin order, spot checked a couple.
If pito hadn't mentioned the arrays in the file & what they represented, I woudn't have figured this out.
I am not sure why having the 1284 info separate from this file, in the arduino-extras folder, didn't work either.

So, I am moving on. RTC I2C testing next, then finding something I can talk to via SPI, and finally checking out the SD cards.
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 smiley-cool..the best way to test the spi is to read/write the sdcards.. quite curious how to work with two sdcards in parallel.. smiley-evil

Btw, for testing purposes the "Bitlash" is a really useful tool. It takes ~29kB (together with sdfat) and then you must not upload a sketch everytime, when debugging hw (it is a cli_like interpreter/scripting language)..

http://bitlash.net/wiki/start

there is a sdcard support built in..p.
« Last Edit: July 26, 2011, 07:06:36 pm by pito » Logged

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...The least we can all do is buy one from him!


Sign me up!
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@pito,
The cards each have their own SS line and are individually accessed.

I am getting a weird error from the compiler for this code to read the 8 registers on the DS1307:
Code:

  // Reset the register pointer  
  Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address);  
  Wire.send(0x00);  
  Wire.endTransmission();  
  
  Wire.requestFrom(RTC_address, 8 );  
  seconds = Wire.receive();  
  minutes = Wire.receive();  
  hours = Wire.receive();  
  day_week = Wire.receive();  
  date_month = Wire.receive();  
  month = Wire.receive();  
  year = Wire.receive();  
  sqwe = Wire.receive();
The same variables all compile okay for writing to the registers earlier in the sketch.

This line is highlighted:
  Wire.requestFrom(RTC_address, 8 );  

Quote
RTC_I2C_test.cpp: In function 'void loop()':
RTC_I2C_test:166: error: ISO C++ says that these are ambiguous, even though the worst conversion for the first is better than the worst conversion for the second:
C:\Program Files\Arduino-0022\libraries\Wire/Wire.h:53: note: candidate 1: uint8_t TwoWire::requestFrom(int, int)
C:\Program Files\Arduino-0022\libraries\Wire/Wire.h:52: note: candidate 2: uint8_t TwoWire::requestFrom(uint8_t, uint8_t)
RTC_I2C_test.cpp: At global scope:
RTC_I2C_test:215: error: expected declaration before '}' token
« Last Edit: July 26, 2011, 10:25:34 pm by CrossRoads » Logged

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How is RTC_address declared?
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RTC_address declared as a byte.

byte RTC_address = 0x68; // 1101 000
// 0 1101 000, 0x68, or 1101 000 0 0xD0 ??
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Hmm, looks like it needs to an int, compiles now.
Thanks for the idea to look at that.
Pressing on ...
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Woohoo, I2C & RTC Work, as does Square Wave Output (demonstrated via flashing LED).
Code:
/*
Test of RTC DS1307 via I2C.
 Counts
 Seconds,
 Minutes,
 Hours,
 Date of the Month,
 Month,
 Day of the week, and
 Year with Leap-Year
 
 56 bytes battery backed RAM
 Square Wave Output, can connect to INT2/D6 or PD7
 */

#include <Wire.h>

//variables
byte seconds_address = 0x00;
byte seconds; // bit 7 = Clock Halt, Enabled = 0, Halt = 1
// bits 6-5-3 = tens of seconds 0-6,  bits 3-2-1-0 = units of seconds, 0-9
byte minutes_address = 0x01;
byte minutes;  // bits 6-5-4 = tens of minutes, bits 3-2-1-0 = units of minutes
byte hours_address = 0x02;
byte hours;  // 7=0. 6 = 1 for 12 hr, 0 for 24 hr.
// bit 5: 12 hr mode = AM(0)/PM(1). 24 hr mode = upper tens of hrs
// bit 4 =  lower tens of hrs, bits 3-2-1-0 = units of hours (0-9)
byte day_week_address = 0x03;
byte day_week = 0; // range 01-07
byte date_month_address = 0x04;
byte date_month = 0; // range 01-31
byte month_address = 0x05;
byte month = 0; // range 01-12
byte year_address = 0x06;
int year = 0; // upper byte 0-9, lower byte 0-9
byte square_address = 0x07;
byte sqwe = 0;  // square wave enable
// Out-0-0-Sqwe-0-0-RS1-RS0
// Out, Sqwe = 0/0 - Square wave output = 0
// Out, Sqwe = 1/0 - Square wave output = 1
// Out, Sqwe = 0/1 or 1/1 - Square wave output per RS1/RS0
// RS1/RS0 = 00 = 1 Hz
// RS1/RSo = 01 = 4 KHz
// RS1/RS0 = 10 = 8 KHz
// RS1/RS0 = 11 = 32 KHz
byte RTC_ram_address = 0x08; //range = 08-63, 0x08-0x3F

int RTC_address = 0x68; // 1101 000

byte incomingCommand = 0;
byte RTC_write_command = 0;
byte RTC_read_command = 0;
byte RTC_ram_command = 0;
// use F0xx, F1xx,F2xx, F3xx, F4xx, F5xx, F6xx, F7xx
// to send one register write commands
// use E0xx to read registers back
// use C0xx to read RAM back
byte incomingRegister = 0;
byte RTC_register = 0;
byte incomingData = 0;
byte new_data = 0;
byte outgoingData = 0;
int delay_time = 100;

unsigned long currentMillis = 0;
unsigned long previousMillis = 0;
unsigned long duration = 5000;

void setup() {
  Wire.begin(); // no address, we are master
  Serial1.begin (57600); 
  Serial1.flush();
  currentMillis = millis(); 
}

void loop() {

  if (Serial1.available() >1){
    incomingCommand = Serial1.read();
    //incomingRegister = Serial.read();
    incomingData = Serial1.read();
    Serial1.print ("command ");
    Serial1.println (incomingCommand & 0xF0, HEX);
    Serial1.print ("register ");
    Serial1.println(incomingCommand & 0x0F, HEX);
    Serial1.print ("data ");
    Serial1.println (incomingData, HEX);
  }
  // *******************************************
  RTC_write_command = incomingCommand & 0xF0;  // mask off high byte
  if (RTC_write_command == 0xF0){  // e033check for Write command
    RTC_register = incomingCommand & 0x0F;  // mask off low btye
    incomingCommand = 0;
    new_data = incomingData;
    Serial1.print (" Sending a command ");
    switch (RTC_register){
    case 0: // write seconds
        Serial1.println ("Seconds ");
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(seconds_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
      delay (delay_time);
      break;
    case 1: // write minutes
    Serial1.print ("Minutes ");
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(minutes_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
      delay (delay_time);
      break;
    case 2: // write hours
        Serial1.print ("Hours ");
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(hours_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
     delay (delay_time);
      break;
    case 3: // write day
        Serial1.print ("Day ");
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(day_week_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
     delay (delay_time);
      break;
    case 4: // write date of month
        Serial1.print ("Day of Month ");
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(date_month_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
     delay (delay_time);
      break;
    case 5: // write month
        Serial1.print ("Month ");
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(month_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
     delay (delay_time);
      break;
    case 6: // write year
        Serial1.print ("Year ");
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(year_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
     delay (delay_time);
      break;
    case 7: // write square wave
        Serial1.print ("Square Wave ");
    Serial1.println (RTC_register, HEX);
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(square_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
     delay (delay_time);
      break;
    case 8: // write RAM
        Serial1.print ("RAM ");
    Serial1.println (RTC_register, HEX);
      Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); // select device
      Wire.send(RTC_ram_address);          // queue the register
      Wire.send(new_data);                  // queue data
      Wire.endTransmission();            // send it
     delay (delay_time);
      break;
      // all others,do nothing
      Serial.println ("Invalid command ");
    }  // end Switch
  } // end if command == F
  // ************************************

  currentMillis = millis();
  if ( (currentMillis - previousMillis) >= duration){
    previousMillis = currentMillis; 
    // Reset the register pointer 
    Wire.beginTransmission(RTC_address); 
    Wire.send(0x00); 
    Wire.endTransmission();   

    Wire.requestFrom(RTC_address, 8 ); 
    seconds = Wire.receive(); 
    minutes = Wire.receive(); 
    hours = Wire.receive(); 
    day_week = Wire.receive(); 
    date_month = Wire.receive(); 
    month = Wire.receive(); 
    year = Wire.receive(); 
    sqwe = Wire.receive();

    // Seconds
    // bit 7 = Clock Halt, Enabled = 0, Halt = 1
    // bits 6-5-3 = tens of seconds 0-6,  bits 3-2-1-0 = units of seconds, 0-9

    // Hours
    // 7=0. 6 = 1 for 12 hr, 0 for 24 hr.
    // bit 5: 12 hr mode = AM(0)/PM(1). 24 hr mode = upper tens of hrs
    // bit 4 =  lower tens of hrs, bits 3-2-1-0 = units of hours (0-9)

    Serial1.print ("Hrs " );
    Serial1.print (hours, HEX);
    Serial1.print (" Mins ");
    Serial1.print (minutes, HEX);
    Serial1.print (" Secs ");
    Serial1.print (seconds, HEX);
    Serial1.print (" Day ");
    Serial1.print (day_week, HEX);
    Serial1.print (" Date ");
    Serial1.print (date_month, HEX);
    Serial1.print (" Month ");
    Serial1.print (month, HEX);
    Serial1.print (" Year 20");
    Serial1.print (year, HEX);
    Serial1.print (" Square Wave ");
    Serial1.println (sqwe, HEX);

  }
}
Moniter output:

Hrs 1 Mins 54 Secs 27 Day 4 Date 27 Month 7 Year 2011 Square Wave 10
Hrs 1 Mins 54 Secs 32 Day 4 Date 27 Month 7 Year 2011 Square Wave 10
Hrs 1 Mins 54 Secs 37 Day 4 Date 27 Month 7 Year 2011 Square Wave 10
Hrs 1 Mins 54 Secs 42 Day 4 Date 27 Month 7 Year 2011 Square Wave 10
Hrs 1 Mins 54 Secs 47 Day 4 Date 27 Month 7 Year 2011 Square Wave 10

Tomorrow, SPI ...  And see if the clock is running fast ...
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@pito, was that cap on XTAL1 of the RTC suppose to make it go faster, slower, anything?
Has a 22pF cap now.
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..as I wrote:
1. do not deploy any cap
2. if the clock goes fast then start to add a cap. The bigger the cap the slower the clock
3. if the clock goes slow (and none cap there) exchange the xtal
4. the cap would be typically 0 .. 15pf, but it depends on the xtal used
P.

PS: as far as I can remeber the clock system on arduino works in the way the arduino's internal clock is used (there is a Timer.c for sys time) and the internal clock is synchronised by the external RTC in a specific regular intervals (to be set, e.g. 300sec). The sdfat lib rely on the internal clock..
...
      setSyncProvider(RTC.get);   // the function to get the time from the actual RTC
      if(timeStatus()!= timeSet)
       Serial.println("Unable to sync with the RTC");
      else
       Serial.println("RTC has set the system time");  
       setSyncInterval(300);         // set the number of seconds between re-sync of time
       SdFile::dateTimeCallback(dateTime);
...
You have to link the time through a dateTime() callback function in order to use it with FAT.
« Last Edit: July 27, 2011, 03:41:34 am by pito » Logged

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@ two sdcards to run in parallel: frankly, not sure the arduino sdfat is prepared for two sdcards connected (two cards selects is not enough, though). Imagine you have two cards, opened, one for read, the second for write. You need 2 buffers, and the sdfat driver in basically two different states (two different instances of the sdfat driver).. It might be a challenge.. smiley-roll-sweat
« Last Edit: July 27, 2011, 03:40:31 am by pito » Logged

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@ two sdcards to run in parallel: frankly, not sure the arduino sdfat is prepared for two sdcards connected (two cards selects is not enough, though). Imagine you have two cards, opened, one for read, the second for write. You need 2 buffers, and the sdfat driver in basically two different states (two different instances of the sdfat driver).. It might be a challenge.. smiley-roll-sweat

My understanding was that the main idea was to be able to support either card -- one might not populate both card holders, but this gave the user the choice of which style. And I gather that given the wealth of pins, it made sense for the hardware to support both simultaneously, even if it's a "future" on the software side.
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.. yes, you are right.. I am thinking about the future (as I passed the exercise with one sdcard already..)- how to run both cards simultanously.. maybe the latest sdfat supports more than one card opened.. if not, maybe chan's fatfs..p.
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The current version of SdFat can't support multiple SD cards.  You could have cards in both sockets and access one at a time by closing all files, and calling sd.init(speed, chipSelect) to switch cards.

I have a development version that mostly works with multiple cards.  You can have files open on all cards at the same time.

It uses multiple instances of the SdFat class. 

This is what a program that copies a file from one card to another looks like:
Code:
#include <SdFat.h>
#include <SdFatUtil.h>
SdFat sd1;
SdFat sd2;
uint8_t buf[100];
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  PgmPrintln("type any character to start");
  while (!Serial.available());
  if (!sd1.init(SPI_FULL_SPEED, 10)) {
    PgmPrintln("Sd1:");
    sd1.initErrorHalt();
  }
  if (!sd2.init(SPI_FULL_SPEED, 9)) {
    PgmPrintln("Sd2:");
    sd2.initErrorHalt();
  }
  PgmPrintln("FreeRam: ");
  Serial.println(FreeRam());
  sd1.ls();
  PgmPrintln("-------------");
  sd2.ls();
  SdFile file1;
  sd1.chdir();
  if (!file1.open("TEST.BIN", O_READ)) {
    sd1.errorHalt("file1");
  }
  sd2.chdir();
  SdFile file2;
  if (!file2.open("COPY.BIN", O_WRITE | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC)) {
    sd2.errorHalt("file2");
  }
  uint32_t t = millis();
  while (1) {
    int n = file1.read(buf, sizeof(buf));
    if (n == 0) break;
    if (n < 0) sd1.errorHalt("read1");
    if (file2.write(buf, n) != n) sd2.errorHalt("write2");
  }
  t = millis() - t;
  PgmPrintln("File size: ");
  Serial.println(file2.fileSize());
  PgmPrintln("Copy time: ");
  Serial.print(t);
  PgmPrintln(" millis");
  file2.close();
}
void loop() {}


I may post a beta in a week or two.
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..great news!!.. there is a lot of space in the 1284p to run many instances of it.. thanks! p.
PS: will the new sdfat support 2 cards run on the same SPI? Or, do we need a separate SPI for each card??
« Last Edit: July 27, 2011, 02:13:58 pm by pito » Logged

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