Hello, I'm very new in electronics and Arduino Duemilanove. I have searched google for many solutions, but nothing helps (or I'm bad searcher). So I have homemade solar panel which makes about 63W (max 3.7A * 19V). I could use analog pin to read voltage (splitting my voltage in half and than one more time in half) that would be 19/4 = around 4.75V. The same I would do with my car battery ( 60Amp*h - 12V).
Then I have to just say to arduino that if battery's reading is under 11V turn the solar panel on(from battery) and if battery is over 13V turn off panel. This sounds easy (but like I'm bad at these things yet).
I have already made Arduino as voltage reader for 0-5V. But when I try to divide voltage with 10k resistors it does not split voltage in half, from 18V battery I get about 7V, not 9V as it should be in internet calculators. If it would be 9V, than it would be easy - 2* input reading and it would show correctly to my LCD screen.
So I am asking for help:
How to read current from my solar panel?
If I put 3.7A current to my arduino input for readings only - it will blow up?
Why 10k resistors does not split the voltage in half? How to fix that? I used this calculator http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/voldiv.html
What kind of resistors I have to use with 3.7A and 19V (just for readings)?
P.S. Sorry for my English
And I hope someone can help me with this.