1) Never a good idea to short circuit a transistor, regardless of rating.
2) I doubt you will find this exact configuration you have in ANY amplifier designs
3) Never assume there is some "inner resistance" in a transistor.
In short, I feel that you have less understanding about NPN transistors than you believe you do.
Are you sure you mean "amplify"?
How about we give an example of how you can get an NPN to amplify? Good place to start? Maybe I will draw something and do a follow up post.
A problem you have right now is this. A transistor can SWITCH ON and OFF and it can amplify... sometimes it can both... but it's related to base biasing. Using just 1 resistor won't really do it for you. You *can* make a voltage amplifying switch this way, (if the collector V+ voltage is higher) though there are some issues with how you have things connected. in other words... you have sort of the right idea... but a less than optimal hookup.
Ok, rather than draw up something new... I'll give you a drawing I already created that does what you want. Obvuously, change out my values of transistor and LED for yours.
This thread might help you:http://www.arduino.cc/cgi-bin/yabb2/YaBB.pl?num=1230677423
At first view I would say I've done it this way.
Never a good idea to short circuit a transistor, regardless of rating.