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### Topic: convert frequency to voltage? help me pls (Read 1 time)previous topic - next topic

#### andry

##### Jan 04, 2012, 08:43 pm
Hi people,

I have a frequency from 0% = 6.045KHz to 100% = 23.133 kHz, and i need this convert to the voltage = 0V = 0% and 100% = 5V. It is a gradually in 63 steps.

Can someone of you please help? I would be very grateful to you .. thank you very much

#### Grumpy_Mike

#1
##### Jan 04, 2012, 10:50 pm
You need to build a circuit where the input frequency triggers a monostable. Then you take the monostable output and smooth it like a PWM signal.

#### DVDdoug

#2
##### Jan 04, 2012, 11:32 pmLast Edit: Jan 04, 2012, 11:36 pm by DVDdoug Reason: 1
I've never used one, but they actually make frequency-to-voltage chips (example).    With your specific requirements, you'd probably need an op-amp circuit to calibrate & "scale" the output.  (I'm just assuming that the chip will put-out zero-volts at zero-Hz, and you'd need to compensate to get 0V@ ~6kHz, etc.)

Typically, a frequency counter works by counting the number of cycles (or the number of positive zero-crossings, etc) over a period of time.    You first need a comparator circuit to convert your AC input into nice pulses.

Then, you just need a counter circuit to count the pulses over a fixed-known period of time.  So far, none of this needs a microcontroller.   It's actually better if you can do the counting & timing without relying on software which might not be able to keep-up.    A microcontroller would be helpful for calculating the frequency (if your time reference isn't 1 second) and for storing the result, etc.

Then, you can use a digital-to-analog convert to make an analog voltage.   (Or, the PWM features of the Arduino.)

#### MarkT

#3
##### Jan 05, 2012, 04:53 am
Another technique (overkill for this though) is to use a phase-locked-loop (PLL).  You arrange a voltage-controlled oscillator that covers the frequency range linearly for your voltage signal and let the PLL lock onto the input signal.  It's control voltage to the oscillator becomes your analog voltage output...  As I said over-complex

Or put another way a PLL converts a voltage->frequency converter into the inverse frequency->voltage converter (hiding a lot of detail).
[ I will NOT respond to personal messages, I WILL delete them, use the forum please ]

#4
##### Jan 05, 2012, 05:44 am
Arrange a simple low pass RC filter to smooth it to DC. Add some offset via op-amp so that the lower voltage results in 0 and some gain so the upper voltage is 5V.
Designing & building electrical circuits for over 25 years.  Screw Shield for Mega/Due/Uno,  Bobuino with ATMega1284P, & other '328P & '1284P creations & offerings at  my website.

#### Grumpy_Mike

#5
##### Jan 05, 2012, 10:48 am
Quote
Arrange a simple low pass RC filter to smooth it to DC

That won't work as you get the same smoothed voltage out no matter what the frequency.

#### andry

#6
##### Jan 05, 2012, 12:38 pmLast Edit: Jan 05, 2012, 12:42 pm by andry Reason: 1
hello

this is middle scale = step 35

this is low scale = step 0

full scale = step 63

I used this connection

now frequency is expanding and narrowing can be this used for PWM input?

thank you

#### Grumpy_Mike

#7
##### Jan 05, 2012, 12:55 pm
Quote
now frequency is expanding and narrowing can be this used for PWM input?

Is this a question?
If it is I can't understand it.
That circuit does little, it is just an AC coupled switch.

#### andry

#8
##### Jan 05, 2012, 01:05 pm
ok, sorry. This signal is ready for PWM input??

#### Grumpy_Mike

#9
##### Jan 05, 2012, 01:15 pm
To do what?
If you feed PWM into it you will get PWM out of it.

#### runaway_pancake

#10
##### Jan 05, 2012, 02:15 pm
Set up your/an Arduino to determine the frequency and then, based on that, knock out 8 bits (using port manipulation or a shift register) to a DAC.
"Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?"
When all else fails, check your wiring!

#### el_supremo

#11
##### Jan 05, 2012, 06:08 pm
Quote
I have a frequency from 0% = 6.045KHz to 100% = 23.133 kHz

Where does this "frequency" come from?
Quote
i need this convert to the voltage = 0V = 0% and 100% = 5V

Why?
Pete
Don't send me technical questions via Private Message.

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