how much watts could i go over on a 10k resistor prob?
If it is through-hole, you might be able to tell by the physical size of the resistor. 1/4W and 1/8W are generally about the same size, for example.
1206, 0805, 0603, 0402 ?
but I don't know about the cap, it just a color like beige and not writting or values.