1) numerous times. would seem you did not find it.
Condensed How To:
Wire up your project with minimum of these signals to the ATMega chip:
+5 to VCC and AVCC, GND to Gnd and AGND.
Add these Components: 16 MHz xtal, two 22pf caps, 10K reset pullup resistor, 100nF caps from VCC, AVCC, ARef and GND.
Download Optiloader sketch on to a working arduino, connect arduino D13, D12, D11, D10, power, gnd to new device's D13,D12,D10, Reset, power, gnd:https://github.com/WestfW/OptiLoader
See the video at the end of this thread:http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/topic,68183.0.html
2) post here. create a Playground article when done.