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Topic: measuring time (Read 9 times) previous topic - next topic

faruk_ultras

i have to measure time in arduino.I think i should use stopwatch library but i didn't include this library in my computer.Maybe you can help me.thanks

johnwasser

Code: [Select]

unsigned long StartTime = millis();

later...

unsigned long CurrentTime = millis();
unsigned long ElapsedTime = CurrentTime - StartTime;


That will give you the elapsed time in milliseconds, up to about 40 days.  If you need more precise measurement you can use 'micros()' instead of ''millis()' to get microseconds, up to a couple of hours, I think.

The Arduino clock isn't very accurate so your timing may be off by minutes a day.
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robtillaart

Quote
get microseconds, up to a couple of hours, I think.

micros() last for 2^32 micros = 4295 seconds = ~71.5 minutes  so just more than one hour
Rob Tillaart

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faruk_ultras

thanks all your replies :) i have another problem.I will make speedometer of te hydro car.Therefore i have to get time and measure the speed.i will use magnetic reed sensor.i use milis();

hiz =2*pi*r*3600/(elapsed time  ); 

my measuring time code is this. eplased time is ElapsedTime = CurrentTime - StartTime;
is it true approach?

robtillaart


you missed the factor 1000 as you measure in millis(). Just do the math for some known values and you see if a formula works.

e.g 1 second, 10 seconds 3600 seconds.

Partial code not tested
Code: [Select]

unsigned long prev = 0;

void loop()
{
  unsigned long now = millis();
  float speed = 2.0*pi*r * 3600 * 1000 / (now- prev);  speed in meters/hour
  prev = now;
  Serial.println(speed);
}
Rob Tillaart

Nederlandse sectie - http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/board,77.0.html -
(Please do not PM for private consultancy)

Constantin

FWIW, once you get ready to finalize the code, try to compress all the math calcs in this example into a constant float or long up front. The reason being, there is no benefit to recalculating "2.0*pi* 3600 * 1000" over and over, it's 22619467.11... Ideally, Define R in that function as well and you may not even need to use a float.

Less calculations for Arduino to do = better responsiveness by Arduino.

If you want higher sampling speeds, look into the ways that are required to bypass Analog.read and have the ADC go directly to the pins in question. For example, you could set this up as a sub-routine with 100 samples taken, then return the speed based on the micro-seconds that have elapsed. One benefit of not using the analog.Read routines is that the ADC runs independently of the main CPU, you you can likely get some math done between each read (it's what I did with my energy logger - start sampling the voltage channel but work on the current data, then switch to measuring current while processing the just-sampled voltage data).

CrossRoads

"The Arduino clock isn't very accurate so your timing may be off by minutes a day. "

I think that partly depends on whether the arduino uses a Crsytal vs a Resonator, and also how the seconds are tracked.

I have done tests with my duemilanove, it has tracked the official US time with no losses over a day.
http://www.time.gov/timezone.cgi?Eastern/d/-5/java

Code: [Select]

unsigned long previousTime = 0;
byte seconds ;
byte minutes ;
bytes hours ;
void setup(){
Serial.begin {9600);
}
// I  think using microseconds is even more accurate
if (millis() >= (previousTime)  ) {
previousTime = previousTime + 1000;  // use 100000 for uS
seconds = seconds +1;
if (seconds == 60)
{
seconds = 0;
minutes = minutes +1;
}
if (minutes == 60)
{
minutes = 0;
hours = hours +1;
}
if (hours == 13)
{
hours = 1;
}
Serial.print (hours, DEC);
Serial.print (":");
Serial.print (minutes,DEC);
Serial.print (":");
Serial.println(seconds,DEC);
} // end 1 second
} // end loop
Designing & building electrical circuits for over 25 years. Check out the ATMega1284P based Bobuino and other '328P & '1284P creations & offerings at  www.crossroadsfencing.com/BobuinoRev17.
Arduino for Teens available at Amazon.com.

odometer


FWIW, once you get ready to finalize the code, try to compress all the math calcs in this example into a constant float or long up front. The reason being, there is no benefit to recalculating "2.0*pi* 3600 * 1000" over and over, it's 22619467.11... Ideally, Define R in that function as well and you may not even need to use a float.


In a way, it is good that he is using "float", because this way there is less chance of overflow.
Also, I highly recommend using "micros()" here instead of "millis()".
You will probably also want to check for switch bounce (that is, when the sensor registers twice when it should only register once). If the "elapsed time" for one revolution of the wheel is less than 5 milliseconds, then the measurement should be rejected.
You will also need to check for speeds close to zero (that is, a long time without the wheel moving).

Runaway Pancake

Hi, CrossRoads
There were a couple of typos, oversights in your code; it didn't compile.
I took the liberty of fixing that.
It works good!

Code: [Select]

/*  CrossRoads Time-clock  */

unsigned long previousTime = 0;
byte seconds ;
byte minutes ;
byte hours ;
void setup()
{
Serial.begin (9600);
}

void loop ()
{
// I  think using microseconds is even more accurate
  if (millis() >= (previousTime))
  {
     previousTime = previousTime + 1000;  // use 100000 for uS
     seconds = seconds +1;
     if (seconds == 60)
     {
        seconds = 0;
        minutes = minutes +1;
     }
     if (minutes == 60)
     {
        minutes = 0;
        hours = hours +1;
     }
     if (hours == 13)
     {
        hours = 1;
     }
  Serial.print (hours, DEC);
  Serial.print (":");
  Serial.print (minutes,DEC);
  Serial.print (":");
  Serial.println(seconds,DEC);
  } // end 1 second
} // end loop
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CrossRoads

Well, making it from scratch at work while on a short break without a chance to compile will do that.
Can't believe I left out void loop(){ !
Designing & building electrical circuits for over 25 years. Check out the ATMega1284P based Bobuino and other '328P & '1284P creations & offerings at  www.crossroadsfencing.com/BobuinoRev17.
Arduino for Teens available at Amazon.com.

robtillaart

Quote
// use 100000 for uS

100000 ?  ==> 1000000 :)
Rob Tillaart

Nederlandse sectie - http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/board,77.0.html -
(Please do not PM for private consultancy)

CrossRoads

Yeah 5 zeroes, 6 zereos, whatever it takes 8)
Designing & building electrical circuits for over 25 years. Check out the ATMega1284P based Bobuino and other '328P & '1284P creations & offerings at  www.crossroadsfencing.com/BobuinoRev17.
Arduino for Teens available at Amazon.com.

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