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Topic: Problem getting an SD card to read with wiznet w5100 (Read 765 times) previous topic - next topic

rich_330

Hi All,

I seem to be having a problem connecting to an SD card using a Nano and a w5100 on a shield for the Nano (See attached pictures of setup)

Ive tried running the sdinfo example from the sdfat library and get the following errors


type any character to start
error: cardBegin failed
SD errorCode: 0X43,0X5D

type any character to start
error: cardBegin failed
SD errorCode: 0X43,0XFF


How do I find a list of error codes for the library and has anyone got any advice on what the error may be?

sterretje

Please show your code using code tags.
Type [code]
Paste  your code after that
Type [/code] after that.
If you understand an example, use it.
If you don't understand an example, don't use it.

Electronics engineer by trade, software engineer by profession. Trying to get back into electronics after 15 years absence.

rich_330

Thanks for the response. What code are you referring to?

sterretje

The code for the program that you upload to the Arduino Nano.
If you understand an example, use it.
If you don't understand an example, don't use it.

Electronics engineer by trade, software engineer by profession. Trying to get back into electronics after 15 years absence.

rich_330

Hi No problem.

Its the example from the sdFat library

SDINFO:
Code: [Select]

/*
 * This program attempts to initialize an SD card and analyze its structure.
 */
#include <SPI.h>
#include "SdFat.h"

// Set USE_SDIO to zero for SPI card access.
#define USE_SDIO 0
/*
 * SD chip select pin.  Common values are:
 *
 * Arduino Ethernet shield, pin 4.
 * SparkFun SD shield, pin 8.
 * Adafruit SD shields and modules, pin 10.
 * Default SD chip select is the SPI SS pin.
 */
const uint8_t SD_CHIP_SELECT = 4;
/*
 * Set DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT to disable a second SPI device.
 * For example, with the Ethernet shield, set DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT
 * to 10 to disable the Ethernet controller.
 */
const int8_t DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT = -1;

#if USE_SDIO
// Use faster SdioCardEX
SdFatSdioEX sd;
// SdFatSdio sd;
#else // USE_SDIO
SdFat sd;
#endif  // USE_SDIO

// serial output steam
ArduinoOutStream cout(Serial);

// global for card size
uint32_t cardSize;

// global for card erase size
uint32_t eraseSize;
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// store error strings in flash
#define sdErrorMsg(msg) sd.errorPrint(F(msg));
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uint8_t cidDmp() {
  cid_t cid;
  if (!sd.card()->readCID(&cid)) {
    sdErrorMsg("readCID failed");
    return false;
  }
  cout << F("\nManufacturer ID: ");
  cout << hex << int(cid.mid) << dec << endl;
  cout << F("OEM ID: ") << cid.oid[0] << cid.oid[1] << endl;
  cout << F("Product: ");
  for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
    cout << cid.pnm[i];
  }
  cout << F("\nVersion: ");
  cout << int(cid.prv_n) << '.' << int(cid.prv_m) << endl;
  cout << F("Serial number: ") << hex << cid.psn << dec << endl;
  cout << F("Manufacturing date: ");
  cout << int(cid.mdt_month) << '/';
  cout << (2000 + cid.mdt_year_low + 10 * cid.mdt_year_high) << endl;
  cout << endl;
  return true;
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uint8_t csdDmp() {
  csd_t csd;
  uint8_t eraseSingleBlock;
  if (!sd.card()->readCSD(&csd)) {
    sdErrorMsg("readCSD failed");
    return false;
  }
  if (csd.v1.csd_ver == 0) {
    eraseSingleBlock = csd.v1.erase_blk_en;
    eraseSize = (csd.v1.sector_size_high << 1) | csd.v1.sector_size_low;
  } else if (csd.v2.csd_ver == 1) {
    eraseSingleBlock = csd.v2.erase_blk_en;
    eraseSize = (csd.v2.sector_size_high << 1) | csd.v2.sector_size_low;
  } else {
    cout << F("csd version error\n");
    return false;
  }
  eraseSize++;
  cout << F("cardSize: ") << 0.000512*cardSize;
  cout << F(" MB (MB = 1,000,000 bytes)\n");

  cout << F("flashEraseSize: ") << int(eraseSize) << F(" blocks\n");
  cout << F("eraseSingleBlock: ");
  if (eraseSingleBlock) {
    cout << F("true\n");
  } else {
    cout << F("false\n");
  }
  return true;
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// print partition table
uint8_t partDmp() {
  mbr_t mbr;
  if (!sd.card()->readBlock(0, (uint8_t*)&mbr)) {
    sdErrorMsg("read MBR failed");
    return false;
  }
  for (uint8_t ip = 1; ip < 5; ip++) {
    part_t *pt = &mbr.part[ip - 1];
    if ((pt->boot & 0X7F) != 0 || pt->firstSector > cardSize) {
      cout << F("\nNo MBR. Assuming Super Floppy format.\n");
      return true;
    }
  }
  cout << F("\nSD Partition Table\n");
  cout << F("part,boot,type,start,length\n");
  for (uint8_t ip = 1; ip < 5; ip++) {
    part_t *pt = &mbr.part[ip - 1];
    cout << int(ip) << ',' << hex << int(pt->boot) << ',' << int(pt->type);
    cout << dec << ',' << pt->firstSector <<',' << pt->totalSectors << endl;
  }
  return true;
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void volDmp() {
  cout << F("\nVolume is FAT") << int(sd.vol()->fatType()) << endl;
  cout << F("blocksPerCluster: ") << int(sd.vol()->blocksPerCluster()) << endl;
  cout << F("clusterCount: ") << sd.vol()->clusterCount() << endl;
  cout << F("freeClusters: ");
  uint32_t volFree = sd.vol()->freeClusterCount();
  cout <<  volFree << endl;
  float fs = 0.000512*volFree*sd.vol()->blocksPerCluster();
  cout << F("freeSpace: ") << fs << F(" MB (MB = 1,000,000 bytes)\n");
  cout << F("fatStartBlock: ") << sd.vol()->fatStartBlock() << endl;
  cout << F("fatCount: ") << int(sd.vol()->fatCount()) << endl;
  cout << F("blocksPerFat: ") << sd.vol()->blocksPerFat() << endl;
  cout << F("rootDirStart: ") << sd.vol()->rootDirStart() << endl;
  cout << F("dataStartBlock: ") << sd.vol()->dataStartBlock() << endl;
  if (sd.vol()->dataStartBlock() % eraseSize) {
    cout << F("Data area is not aligned on flash erase boundaries!\n");
    cout << F("Download and use formatter from www.sdcard.org!\n");
  }
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
 
  // Wait for USB Serial
  while (!Serial) {
    SysCall::yield();
  }

  // use uppercase in hex and use 0X base prefix
  cout << uppercase << showbase << endl;

  // F stores strings in flash to save RAM
  cout << F("SdFat version: ") << SD_FAT_VERSION << endl;
#if !USE_SDIO 
  if (DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT < 0) {
    cout << F(
           "\nAssuming the SD is the only SPI device.\n"
           "Edit DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT to disable another device.\n");
  } else {
    cout << F("\nDisabling SPI device on pin ");
    cout << int(DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT) << endl;
    pinMode(DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT, OUTPUT);
    digitalWrite(DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT, HIGH);
  }
  cout << F("\nAssuming the SD chip select pin is: ") <<int(SD_CHIP_SELECT);
  cout << F("\nEdit SD_CHIP_SELECT to change the SD chip select pin.\n");
#endif  // !USE_SDIO 
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void loop() {
  // Read any existing Serial data.
  do {
    delay(10);
  } while (Serial.available() && Serial.read() >= 0);

  // F stores strings in flash to save RAM
  cout << F("\ntype any character to start\n");
  while (!Serial.available()) {
    SysCall::yield();
  }

  uint32_t t = millis();
#if USE_SDIO
  if (!sd.cardBegin()) {
    sdErrorMsg("\ncardBegin failed");
    return;
  }
#else  // USE_SDIO
  // Initialize at the highest speed supported by the board that is
  // not over 50 MHz. Try a lower speed if SPI errors occur.
  if (!sd.cardBegin(SD_CHIP_SELECT, SD_SCK_MHZ(50))) {
    sdErrorMsg("cardBegin failed");
    return;
  }
 #endif  // USE_SDIO
  t = millis() - t;

  cardSize = sd.card()->cardSize();
  if (cardSize == 0) {
    sdErrorMsg("cardSize failed");
    return;
  }
  cout << F("\ninit time: ") << t << " ms" << endl;
  cout << F("\nCard type: ");
  switch (sd.card()->type()) {
  case SD_CARD_TYPE_SD1:
    cout << F("SD1\n");
    break;

  case SD_CARD_TYPE_SD2:
    cout << F("SD2\n");
    break;

  case SD_CARD_TYPE_SDHC:
    if (cardSize < 70000000) {
      cout << F("SDHC\n");
    } else {
      cout << F("SDXC\n");
    }
    break;

  default:
    cout << F("Unknown\n");
  }
  if (!cidDmp()) {
    return;
  }
  if (!csdDmp()) {
    return;
  }
  uint32_t ocr;
  if (!sd.card()->readOCR(&ocr)) {
    sdErrorMsg("\nreadOCR failed");
    return;
  }
  cout << F("OCR: ") << hex << ocr << dec << endl;
  if (!partDmp()) {
    return;
  }
  if (!sd.fsBegin()) {
    sdErrorMsg("\nFile System initialization failed.\n");
    return;
  }
  volDmp();
}


Thanks

Nick_Pyner

#5
May 24, 2018, 05:32 am Last Edit: May 24, 2018, 05:32 am by Nick_Pyner
Have you formatted the card in the proper manner? There is a sticky on this at the head of this forum.

rich_330

Have you formatted the card in the proper manner? There is a sticky on this at the head of this forum.
Yes it was the first thing I had tried.

Thanks

sterretje

Correct pin used?
Code: [Select]
/*
 * SD chip select pin.  Common values are:
 *
 * Arduino Ethernet shield, pin 4.
 * SparkFun SD shield, pin 8.
 * Adafruit SD shields and modules, pin 10.
 * Default SD chip select is the SPI SS pin.
 */
const uint8_t SD_CHIP_SELECT = 4;    <==========
If you understand an example, use it.
If you don't understand an example, don't use it.

Electronics engineer by trade, software engineer by profession. Trying to get back into electronics after 15 years absence.

rich_330

I believe so. I have checked the pins on the shield and from what I can see there are 2 pins being used for the CS one for the ETH side and one for the SD?

I have tried both

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