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### Topic: how to measure negative voltage (Read 2193 times)previous topic - next topic

#### tim1365

##### May 28, 2018, 05:29 pm
Dear all,
I want to use arduino to read an output of photodector. But the output voltage is on the negative voltage range and depending of incident light is in the range from -100mV to -1V. How to convert the signal from negative to positive region, idealy via 1:1 invertor. I have read about inverting operational amplifier (op), and how a question about connection of op, photodetector and arduino. How do do such a connection and which op it is better to use?

#### wvmarle

#1
##### May 28, 2018, 05:45 pm
A three-resistor voltage divider may work for you.

But a much smarter thing for you would be to post more details in your project, as outlined in the sticky that you apparently didn't read or ignored.
Quality of answers is related to the quality of questions. Good questions will get good answers. Useless answers are a sign of a poor question.

#### GolamMostafa

#2
##### Jun 15, 2018, 10:20 pmLast Edit: Jun 15, 2018, 10:20 pm by GolamMostafa
You may try this op-amp circuit. 741 is usually operated on dual (+/- : +5/-5 or +12/-12) power supplies. However, it can also be operated in single supply to get expected result. The ouput of the op-amp could be connected with Channel-A0 of Arduino UNO.

#### allanhurst

#3
##### Jun 26, 2018, 12:26 amLast Edit: Jun 26, 2018, 12:37 am by allanhurst
The 741 is ancient and won't work with a total 5v supply , and it's input isn't compliant down to the 0v supply.

Try 1/2 a LM358 - that'd be OK.  And set your arduino a/d reference to 1.1v for better resolution.

But in general a photodode detector is much better run as a current source with a transconductance amplifier - I'll see if I can dig out a reference.....

Allan

#### allanhurst

#4
##### Jun 26, 2018, 12:37 am
Found it....

See NatSemi's introduction to photodiodes....

http://edge.rit.edu/edge/P09051/public/photodiodeamplifers.pdf

In general a much better approach.

Allan

#### MarkT

#5
##### Jun 28, 2018, 12:53 pm
Dear all,
I want to use arduino to read an output of photodector. But the output voltage is on the negative voltage range and depending of incident light is in the range from -100mV to -1V. How to convert the signal from negative to positive region, idealy via 1:1 invertor. I have read about inverting operational amplifier (op), and how a question about connection of op, photodetector and arduino. How do do such a connection and which op it is better to use?
What photodetector?  Give links for all hardware please, we cannot even begin to guess these details!

Also what bandwidth are you looking for? (An LM358 for instance is totallt hopeless for anything high bandwidth,
but then again so is the Arduino ADC).

In case anyone's wondering, the LM358 won't even do audio bandwidth at full signal swing.
[ I will NOT respond to personal messages, I WILL delete them, use the forum please ]

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