There are no VDD and VCC indicated on the board.
What makes you think pulling a 3.3V-only capable pin to 5V is a good idea?Don't have a fire-extinguisher on standby, just a credit card.
The resistors don't go in series with anything, they go between Vcc and SDA and similarly to SCL. If it has weak pull up resistors it might work ok. If not try maybe 2k2 to 4k, exact value unimportant.
R3 and later Arduino wiring (Uno, Mega & Leonardo):(These boards have dedicated SDA & SCL pins on the header nearest the USB connector) +5v -> VCC (this is power for the BREAKOUT only, NOT the servo power!) GND -> GND SDA -> SDA SCL -> SCL