Adafruit VS1053 - SD Card not found or recognized

I’m working with a UNO board and the Adafruit VS1053.

I’ve tried 3 different mini SD cards, a 16GB SanDisk Ultra PLUS (FAT32), a 16GB SanDisk (FAT32), and a 2GB (FAT16) that I don’t have the brand name of.

I tried formatting the cards with Windows7 as well as the SD Card Formatter recommended by Arduino.

When I run the “player_simple” sketch to test, I receive the following message on the serial monitor:

Adafruit VS1053 Simple Test
VS1053 found
SD failed, or not present

Any suggestions on how to problem solve the SD Cards? Any tips would be greatly appreciated!

Here is the code from the “player_simple” sketch.

  This is an example for the Adafruit VS1053 Codec Breakout

  Designed specifically to work with the Adafruit VS1053 Codec Breakout 

  Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code, 
  please support Adafruit and open-source hardware by purchasing 
  products from Adafruit!

  Written by Limor Fried/Ladyada for Adafruit Industries.  
  BSD license, all text above must be included in any redistribution

// include SPI, MP3 and SD libraries
#include <SPI.h>
#include <Adafruit_VS1053.h>
#include <SD.h>

// define the pins used
//#define CLK 13       // SPI Clock, shared with SD card
//#define MISO 12      // Input data, from VS1053/SD card
//#define MOSI 11      // Output data, to VS1053/SD card
// Connect CLK, MISO and MOSI to hardware SPI pins. 
// See "Connections"

// These are the pins used for the breakout example
#define BREAKOUT_RESET  9      // VS1053 reset pin (output)
#define BREAKOUT_CS     10     // VS1053 chip select pin (output)
#define BREAKOUT_DCS    8      // VS1053 Data/command select pin (output)
// These are the pins used for the music maker shield
//#define SHIELD_RESET  -1      // VS1053 reset pin (unused!)
//#define SHIELD_CS     7      // VS1053 chip select pin (output)
//#define SHIELD_DCS    6      // VS1053 Data/command select pin (output)

// These are common pins between breakout and shield
#define CARDCS 1     // Card chip select pin
// DREQ should be an Int pin, see
#define DREQ 2       // VS1053 Data request, ideally an Interrupt pin

Adafruit_VS1053_FilePlayer musicPlayer = 
  // create breakout-example object!
  // create shield-example object!
void setup() {
  Serial.println("Adafruit VS1053 Simple Test");

  if (! musicPlayer.begin()) { // initialise the music player
     Serial.println(F("Couldn't find VS1053, do you have the right pins defined?"));
     while (1);
  Serial.println(F("VS1053 found"));
   if (!SD.begin(CARDCS)) {
    Serial.println(F("SD failed, or not present"));
    while (1);  // don't do anything more

  // list files
  printDirectory("/"), 0);
  // Set volume for left, right channels. lower numbers == louder volume!

  // Timer interrupts are not suggested, better to use DREQ interrupt!
  //musicPlayer.useInterrupt(VS1053_FILEPLAYER_TIMER0_INT); // timer int

  // If DREQ is on an interrupt pin (on uno, #2 or #3) we can do background
  // audio playing
  musicPlayer.useInterrupt(VS1053_FILEPLAYER_PIN_INT);  // DREQ int
  // Play one file, don't return until complete
  Serial.println(F("Playing track 001"));
  // Play another file in the background, REQUIRES interrupts!
  //Serial.println(F("Playing track 002"));

void loop() {
  // File is playing in the background
  if (musicPlayer.stopped()) {
    Serial.println("Done playing music");
    while (1) {
      delay(10);  // we're done! do nothing...
  if (Serial.available()) {
    char c =;
    // if we get an 's' on the serial console, stop!
    if (c == 's') {
    // if we get an 'p' on the serial console, pause/unpause!
    if (c == 'p') {
      if (! musicPlayer.paused()) {
      } else { 


/// File listing helper
void printDirectory(File dir, int numTabs) {
   while(true) {
     File entry =  dir.openNextFile();
     if (! entry) {
       // no more files
     for (uint8_t i=0; i<numTabs; i++) {
     if (entry.isDirectory()) {
       printDirectory(entry, numTabs+1);
     } else {
       // files have sizes, directories do not
       Serial.println(entry.size(), DEC);

#define CARDCS 1

This sounds a bit suspect as pin 1 is the USART transmit pin and wired into the USB. This will conflict with any print statement.

I'm working with a UNO board and the Adafruit VS1053.

Any suggestions on how to problem solve the SD Cards? Any tips would be greatly appreciated!

You modified the "player_simple" sketch to use pin 1 for the card chip select pin and it does not work ?

What happens when you use pin 4 for the card chip select pin as in the original sketch ?