Arduino keeps restarting sketch

Hi, this is my first message here. I am doing a project on wireless sensor networks using Arduino (Arduino UNO to be more precise). Right now I have different sketches for different modules. One of the sketches receives information through an XBee radio and checks to see if it had already received it and if it hadn’t it will send it (everything using broadcast). I am using the Arduino XBee API.

The problem I’ve got is that the sketch keeps restarting, so there is no way to know if I had received it already. I have read that too many Serial.print() might cause this because of RAM issues, but I have removed almost all of them, so I don’t think it will be that. Here is the code, in case anyone can shed some light.

The variable names are in Spanish, so if anyone has any question about what anything does, please, don’t hesitate to ask me.

Thank you!

PS: Please note that a lot of the code is commented (almost all of the Serial.print()).

#include <XBee.h>

XBee xbee;
XBeeAddress64 addr64;
ZBTxRequest zbTx;
ZBRxResponse rx = ZBRxResponse();
ZBTxStatusResponse txStatus = ZBTxStatusResponse();
uint8_t historial[10][9] = {0};
uint8_t payload[16] = { 0 };
int indiceHistorial;

const byte posContador = 8;
const byte posSaltos = 9;
const byte posTipo = 10;
const byte posLongitud = 11;
const byte posMensaje = 12;

void setup()
{
  // Tell XBee to start Serial
  xbee = XBee();
  xbee.begin(9600);
  addr64 = XBeeAddress64(0x0, 0xFFFF);
  indiceHistorial = 0;
  delay(10000);
  Serial.flush();
  Serial.println("INICIADO");
}

void loop()
{
  recibirMensaje();
  Serial.flush();
}

void recibirMensaje()
{
  xbee.readPacket(100);
  if (xbee.getResponse().isAvailable())
  {
    if (xbee.getResponse().getApiId() == ZB_RX_RESPONSE) 
    {
      xbee.getResponse().getZBRxResponse(rx);
      for(int i = 0; i < 16; i++)
      {
        payload[i] = rx.getData(i);
      }
      // Check to see if the message was already received
      boolean distintos = true;
      for(int i = 0; i < 10 && distintos; i++)
      {
        int iguales = 0;
        for(int j = 0; j < 9; j++)
        {
          if(historial[i][j] == payload[j])
          {
            iguales++;
          }
        }
        
        if(iguales > 8)
        {
          distintos = false;
        }
      }
      
      // If it didn't exist already
      if(distintos)
      {
       // Resend message
        payload[posSaltos]++;
        delay(100);
        enviarMensaje();
      }
      else
      {
        Serial.println();
        Serial.println("Ya se habia recibido este mensaje");
      }
      
    }
    else
    {
      if (xbee.getResponse().getApiId() == ZB_TX_STATUS_RESPONSE)
      {
        xbee.getResponse().getZBTxStatusResponse(txStatus);
        
        if (txStatus.getDeliveryStatus() != SUCCESS) 
        {
          Serial.println();
          Serial.println("REENVIANDO");
          enviarMensaje();
        }
      }
    }
  }
  /*else if (xbee.getResponse().isError()) 
  {
    Serial.println();

    if(xbee.getResponse().getErrorCode() == CHECKSUM_FAILURE)
    {
      Serial.println("ERROR - CHECKSUM_FAILURE");
    }
    else if(xbee.getResponse().getErrorCode() == PACKET_EXCEEDS_BYTE_ARRAY_LENGTH)
    {
      Serial.println("ERROR - PACKET_EXCEEDS_BYTE_ARRAY_LENGTH");
    }
    else if(xbee.getResponse().getErrorCode() == UNEXPECTED_START_BYTE)
    {
      Serial.println("ERROR - UNEXPECTED_START_BYTE");
    }
  }*/
}

void enviarMensaje()
{
  // First 9 positions indicate unique id
  for(int i = 0; i < 9; i++)
  {
    historial[indiceHistorial][i] = payload[i];
  }
  
  indiceHistorial++;
  
  if(indiceHistorial > 9)
  {
    indiceHistorial = 0;
  }
  
  zbTx = ZBTxRequest(addr64, payload, sizeof(payload));
  xbee.send(zbTx);
  
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("Historial: ");
  Serial.println(indiceHistorial);/*
  Serial.println();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
    Serial.flush();
    Serial.print("Fila ");
    Serial.print(i);
    Serial.print(": ");
    for(int j = 0; j < 9; j++)
    {
      Serial.print(historial[i][j], HEX);
    }
    Serial.println();
  }*/
}

Are you using a little "9V" battery? Provide some details regarding your setup, maybe a picture.

What version of the IDE are you using. All those Serial.flush() statements are almost certainly not needed.

How is the XBee connected to the Arduino? If it is connected to the Arduino's RX and TX pins, those Serial.flush() statements MUST go.

I am powering the Arduino through the USB port.

I put those Serial.flush(); since the Serial.print(); wouldn't print all the messages (it would print some, but not all). The Serial.print() is only for debugging purposes, so I can see the output on the IDE window (btw, Arduino 1.0.1). To connect the Arduino to the XBee I am using the ArduinoXBeeShield.

I am using Arduino Uno rev 3, XBee Pro S2.

Here is a picture:

Thank you!

Call it a “wild guess”, but I think that VUSB is pooping out.
When too much starts happening, current demand goes up, VUSB dips and causes the Arduino to start over.

Also, keep in mind that the XBee Pro takes more than 200mA when transmitting. That may cause a voltage drop. Have you tried the same thing with a regular XBee?

I will try to put some batteries and see if that works.

I can't use a series 1 XBee since all I have are these, but I hope the solution above works.

Just to be clear, I was not advocating use of a "9V battery" (once known as a "transistor battery"). They are next to useless. You need something with more heft: a 9V battery pack - from 6 'AA' or 'C' cells, an RC pack, or similar.

Yes, I've got some of these black cases that admit 4 AA batteries.

Thanks :)

Ok, I managed to solve the problem. It had nothing to do with the memory or the power supply.

The Arduino XBee API is bugged. To anyone having the same problem as I had, I suggest you change the following function in the XBee.cpp to what I have posted (the solution is not mine):

void XBeeResponse::reset() {
	init();
	_apiId = 0;
	_msbLength = 0;
	_lsbLength = 0;
	_checksum = 0;
	
        // FIX for reset routine
	int counter = 0;
	if (_frameLength < MAX_FRAME_DATA_SIZE)
		counter = _frameLength;
	else
		counter = MAX_FRAME_DATA_SIZE;
		
	_frameLength = 0;

	_errorCode = NO_ERROR;

	for (int i = 0; i < counter; i++) {
		getFrameData()[i] = 0;
	}
}

Source: http://code.google.com/p/xbee-arduino/issues/detail?id=23