Arduino Lightsaber

JakeSoft: Hmm... I was worried about that. Those pin headers are eating up a lot of space. Were going to have to in-line it with the battery at this rate. I wonder if there would be a way to remove those plastic spacers on the headers so that the component on top lied flatter on the larger PCB. It's that clearance that's killing us.

this is the #1 reason i go headerless on the Nanos. and go wire IN from the top of the thing and solder there. when i made the nano/WT stack in my Saber 1.0, i lost maybe 1 full cm to headers, and plastic stand offs. I have been asking every vendor who sells WTs if i can get them with out headers. all have said no. maybe put all non MCU bits on the back of a/the batt holder. fets, regulators, 5v step up. clash sensor, and i can ( or anyone- it's not rocket science) make fins with slits to epoxy onto the sides of the Canobi's PCB.

there has to be something i am missing to make it fit neat. can the pro mini sit IN the hilt? like cross section-wise?. horizontal? if it wasn't for the 3 color fading and the adxl. you could use a ATTINY85 micro-usb version unit,.. and put it IN the hilt horizontal. 2cm x 17mm. THAT would fit TCSS main parts. it is 5v and 6 pin. 3 of which are PWM and no analogs. and if you abandon the busy pin on the WT,.. could run 2 SW-200s for 2 axis old school swings. i actually use 2 SW in a cross and going to one pin in parallel. works. this is all for 1.25" ID too. forget pvc,. nothing fits in there. WTF do you PVC people use for LED heat sync's anyway? those 3 color LEDs are pricey too. who uses's 10$ PVC hilts with $25 of LEDs? http://www.ebay.com/itm/5X-PCS-Digispark-Kickstarter-Attiny85-USB-Development-Board-for-arduino-/221898923514?hash=item33aa34ddfa:g:W-0AAOSwo6lWJaDh

Lipos may be the solution. Lipos on the back of the PCB Canobi thing. not cylinder batts. http://www.ebay.com/itm/3-7V-1000mAh-452777-Rechargeable-LiPo-ion-Battery-For-mobile-phone-Tablet-PC-GPS-/111861260537?hash=item1a0b7360f9:g:BxkAAOSwhkRWgk5F

might fit. 1 amp ain't too bad, for 1 LED.

or a single 14500.. it would fit in a standard single AA batt holder? right?

http://www.ebay.com/itm/AKKU-for-Led-Flashlight-3-7v-1500mAh-14500-Rechargeable-LI-ION-battery-CC-/161845361269?hash=item25aebc3a75:g:NFMAAOSw42JWDj15

Jake, you mentioned putting the battery inline, thats very close to something I’ve been contemplating as clearance in 25mm ID is nonexistent.

I made this quick sketch to show what I have in mind:

Tha cell fits in between the two outside extentions but has its own PCB with the holder mounted on it that sits lower down and connects to the main board via headers.

billpealer: or a single 14500.. it would fit in a standard single AA batt holder? right?

http://www.ebay.com/itm/AKKU-for-Led-Flashlight-3-7v-1500mAh-14500-Rechargeable-LI-ION-battery-CC-/161845361269?hash=item25aebc3a75:g:NFMAAOSw42JWDj15

That might work. I've experimented and my Mk. IV board and determined it would fit inside 1.25" on top of a 7.4V side-by-side 14500 pack (Example Link) but not for the fact that I mounted the ADXL335 on top of the Pro Mini. That's two layers of headers that eat up the clearance and it just baaarely won't fit. However, Canobi's board is flatter because he doesn't piggy-back the ADXL335, so it's one layer thinner than my Mk. IV prototype.

It would be ideal if we could find a side-by-side 3.7v 14500 (or even better, a 14650 pack) with a load-balancing PCB that would output 3+ amps. That way you'd get excellent battery life and still be able to support full three-channel color change. That's pretty specific, though. Might be hard to find. Edit: Found one. Never heard of this supplier before, but at least I know they do exist. (Link)

The problem with using an AA battery holder for the cells is that the battery holder itself also takes up space. It might still fit, though. It's worth looking into.

JakeSoft: The problem with using an AA battery holder for the cells is that the battery holder itself also takes up space. It might still fit, though. It's worth looking into.

i like the 1500mah. bonus. twice as mush as TCSS Batt holder- right. but with one... maybe 3mm of girth added, and the plus side is the back is capable of gluing crap too. now you can use removable batts. just saying. as a 3.7v option for the Canobi Express it maybe the best option. other than a Lipo.

i bought this. it is an 14650 and took the outer wrapper off so i could shoot the cable straight out the top. the 90 degree protruding cable was chafing on the hilt threads. it is 1.5cm longer than 14500. but 2 for $15... spoke my language. but i can't find a twin 18650 over 850mah. makes no sense. the single are 2200+

http://www.ebay.com/itm/2PCS-14650-7-4V-850mAH-Rechargeable-Li-ion-Battery-15C-SM-Plug-For-RC-Helicopter-/301730366706?hash=item46408804f2:g:ZKgAAOSw3ydV5rc0

i think this would work. it would be 2cmx1.2cmx12cm that would run the whole length of the hilt. what is 12cm 5 inches?

http://www.ebay.com/itm/RC-Turnigy-nano-tech-1200mAh-2S-15-30C-Lipo-AIRSOFT-Pack-T-Connector-/262150710667?hash=item3d0966658b:g:3gYAAOSwiwVWTaCY

swapping it will be,.. inventive.

billpealer: i think this would work. it would be 2cmx1.2cmx12cm that would run the whole length of the hilt. what is 12cm 5 inches?

http://www.ebay.com/itm/RC-Turnigy-nano-tech-1200mAh-2S-15-30C-Lipo-AIRSOFT-Pack-T-Connector-/262150710667?hash=item3d0966658b:g:3gYAAOSwiwVWTaCY

swapping it will be,.. inventive.

I used to play a lot of airsoft. These things scare the hell out of me. lol

I've been testing with a 3.7v 1200mah lipo battery ( https://www.creatroninc.com/product/lithium-ion-battery-1200mah/ ) that fits in my hilt. There's no room for a sled on the sides of it, but I've been thinking of grabbing another, but have no idea how to run them together, if that's even possible.

jshaw: I've been testing with a 3.7v 1200mah lipo battery ( https://www.creatroninc.com/product/lithium-ion-battery-1200mah/ ) that fits in my hilt. There's no room for a sled on the sides of it, but I've been thinking of grabbing another, but have no idea how to run them together, if that's even possible.

It's definitely possible. You looking to double your voltage or capacity?

Canobi: It's definitely possible. You looking to double your voltage or capacity?

Capacity. Running a tri-rebel w/ 3x700mA LEDs is a bit much for a single 1200mAh battery to handle, unless I completely don't understand capacity (which is entirely possible as this is my first real electronics project).

I'm mostly concerned w/ how they'd be wired together and how I'd then charge them; as a single unit or each individually. The latter would be exceptionally annoying.

jshaw: I'm mostly concerned w/ how they'd be wired together and how I'd then charge them; as a single unit or each individually. The latter would be exceptionally annoying.

I have kind of been wondering that myself. I prefer in-hilt recharge systems and I can find 3.7V PCB-protected cells that are small enough pretty easily, but I'd like to put two of them in parallel for greater capacity. I'm not sure how well that would work out, though.

jshaw: Capacity. Running a tri-rebel w/ 3x700mA LEDs is a bit much for a single 1200mAh battery to handle, unless I completely don't understand capacity (which is entirely possible as this is my first real electronics project).

I'm mostly concerned w/ how they'd be wired together and how I'd then charge them; as a single unit or each individually. The latter would be exceptionally annoying.

Please refer to post 449, page 30 as I think these are what you will need. I have unregulated cells(no pcb board in top) so I need some sort of protection circuit, so why not make it a charger pack with one of these? At least that's what I think these do.

http://www.ebay.com/sch/i.html?_odkw=PCB+for+7.4V++18650&_osacat=0&_from=R40&_trksid=p2045573.m570.l1313.TR0.TRC0.H0.XPCB++7.4V++18650.TRS0&_nkw=PCB++7.4V++18650&_sacat=0

I took a quick look on the RS website and found the female JST- PH connectors for the those flat cell batteries going for pennies so I took a few minutes to whip together a couple of "in hilt" battery mixer boards, one doubles the voltage the other doubles the capacity.

|500x428

On the whole it's not recommended to charge multiple Li-Po cells at the same time without proper monitoring and cell balancing circuitry. The short explanation is the cells don't all drain and charge at exactly the same rate and if one cell fills up first, it can cause it to start draining into the emptier one which is a situation to be avoided at all costs.

Canobi: On the whole it's not recommended to charge multiple Li-Po cells at the same time without proper monitoring and cell balancing circuitry. The short explanation is the cells don't all drain and charge at exactly the same rate and if one cell fills up first, it can cause it to start draining into the emptier one which is a situation to be avoided at all costs.

This jives with what I have read as well. The pre-made multi-cell high capacity packs have PCBs that do this load balancing across the cells, so you have to charge the cells individually otherwise.

Canobi: On the whole it's not recommended to charge multiple Li-Po cells at the same time without proper monitoring and cell balancing circuitry. The short explanation is the cells don't all drain and charge at exactly the same rate and if one cell fills up first, it can cause it to start draining into the emptier one which is a situation to be avoided at all costs.

i have/use a balancer for the 14560 packs shown in my post with the 3D printed sled. I am a green horn with arduino, but i have been making my own 2+ cell lipos/lithiums, for the better part of 10 years. i hate doing it. making packs is a hassle and a half that THAT is something to avoid at all costs :). and while you don't need balancers, at all. period. you don't. the real reason to use a balancer is if one of the cells is on its way out, a 7.4v charger will keep pushing voltage till it gets to the right 8.2v smart charger cut off point. if one of the cells is bad, the good cell will over charge and puff up, and shoot burning hot exposed lithium. hot enough to melt aluminum. or what ever toy/gizmo you have the pack in. and because each cell is charged independently. it may decrease charge time. balancers charge faster/safer. not any better. i wish they made them for my 7.2v packs for my 1:10 cars. A NiMH pack with a dying cell will get HOT during charging. if they had balancers, just the cell that was not as good as the others would get hot. if the cell was dead, the charger wouldn't work. Same with Lipo. With Lithium, A dead cell is safer than a bad one. and if you know the order of cell charging in a balancer, you can replace the bad cell. the balancer will simply shut off (maybe with an indicator light) when it gets to the bad cell. they are for Lipos mainly, for 14560 and 18650, or any pcb cells,... 99.9 times it's whatever. Unless you're dell computers. they must buy the worst 18650s. they are always int he news for melting people's laps. a 7.4v lithium smart charger. read the specs, make sure the auto shut off is somewhere tween 8.2 and 8.4v. some 7.4v smart chargers only push 7.4v (found that out the hard way) , which will charge your batts to about 30% capacity.

billpealer: i have/use a balancer for the 14560 packs shown in my post with the #D printed sled. I am a green horn with arduino, but i have been making my own 2+ cell lipos/lithiums, for the better part of 10 years. i hate doing it. making packs is a hassle and a half that THAT is something to avoid at all costs :). ...

Yeah, I agree. It seems like a giant pain to make your own packs and that kind of goes against the approachable nature I was hoping for with this project. You shouldn't need to be an EE to build one of these things. I'm certainly not. Let's keep it as basic as possible.

Thanks for all the info, Bill. I'm so glad you are part of this thread; I've learned a lot from your posts.

JakeSoft: Thanks for all the info, Bill. I'm so glad you are part of this thread; I've learned a lot from your posts.

ok... that's cool. bool = saberon and MOSFETs changed my life. :)

billpealer: ok... that's cool. bool = saberon and MOSFETs changed my life. :)

Haha! They'll do that!

billpealer: Page 7 Canobi and Jake refer to the USB WT as the 32pin version. For anyone bouncing around. this may cause confusion when people start parts searching. i am going to call for a correction of Canobi's post that kicked this off.,..

I should delete this post when post #95 is amended.

There are 3 types of WT

1- 16pin , no usb. 2- 28pin No usb 3- 28pin USB

no 32 pin versions. and they vary from8mb - 32mb in memory.

I corrected post #97.

Post #95 also corrected.