I am looking to build a project where the Arduino wirelessly sends data to a webserver and the data is displayed on a website. The website will also have the ability to control certain functions of the arduino.
So long as you have a WiFi connection any Arduino should do, but there's more to it or less as the case may be.
You can use an ESP32 or ESP8266 as their own Arduino which is both cost effective and code simplified.
Look further for examples of what you are trying to do.