At A Loss - Failure to Init SD Card

The SD Card breakout board I am using is not working and I no longer know what else to try. I ordered a new breakout board in case the current one is fried.

Here is my trouble shooting writeup, do you guys have any suggestions?

I couldn't figure out how to add an inline image, so it's attached.

Hardware:

Software

  • SD Card Formatter Version 5.0.1

Libraries

  • SPI.h version 1.0.0
  • SD.h version 1.2.2

Formatting
Formatted SD Card with SD Card Formatter
PNY 4GB Format Results.png
Sandisk 8GB Format Results.png

Wiring Setup
Instructions followed from: Introduction | Micro SD Card Breakout Board Tutorial | Adafruit Learning System

  • Board GND to UNO GND (Green jumper)
  • Board CLK to UNO Digital Pin 13
  • Board DO to UNO Digital Pin 12
  • Board DI to UNO Digital Pin 11
  • Board CS to UNO Digital Pin 10

Examples Run
CardInfo
Results
When I type something into the prompt and hit send, the RX light flashes.

Initializing SD card...initialization failed. Things to check:
* is a card inserted?
* is your wiring correct?
* did you change the chipSelect pin to match your shield or module?

SDFat -> SDinfo
Results

SdFat version: 1.0.14

Assuming the SD is the only SPI device.
Edit DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT to disable another device.

Assuming the SD chip select pin is: 10
Edit SD_CHIP_SELECT to change the SD chip select pin.

type any character to start
error: cardBegin failed
SD errorCode: 0X20,0X0

type any character to start

Troubleshooting Attempts

Code
SDINFO

/*
  SD card test

  This example shows how use the utility libraries on which the'
  SD library is based in order to get info about your SD card.
  Very useful for testing a card when you're not sure whether its working or not.

  The circuit:
    SD card attached to SPI bus as follows:
 ** MOSI - pin 11 on Arduino Uno/Duemilanove/Diecimila
 ** MISO - pin 12 on Arduino Uno/Duemilanove/Diecimila
 ** CLK - pin 13 on Arduino Uno/Duemilanove/Diecimila
 ** CS - depends on your SD card shield or module.
 Pin 4 used here for consistency with other Arduino examples


  created  28 Mar 2011
  by Limor Fried
  modified 9 Apr 2012
  by Tom Igoe
*/
// include the SD library:
#include <SPI.h>
#include <SD.h>

// set up variables using the SD utility library functions:
Sd2Card card;
SdVolume volume;
SdFile root;

// change this to match your SD shield or module;
// Arduino Ethernet shield: pin 4
// Adafruit SD shields and modules: pin 10
// Sparkfun SD shield: pin 8
// MKRZero SD: SDCARD_SS_PIN
const int chipSelect = 10;

void setup() {
  // Open serial communications and wait for port to open:
  Serial.begin(9600);
  while (!Serial) {
    ; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for native USB port only
  }


  Serial.print("\nInitializing SD card...");

  // we'll use the initialization code from the utility libraries
  // since we're just testing if the card is working!
  if (!card.init(SPI_HALF_SPEED, chipSelect)) {
    Serial.println("initialization failed. Things to check:");
    Serial.println("* is a card inserted?");
    Serial.println("* is your wiring correct?");
    Serial.println("* did you change the chipSelect pin to match your shield or module?");
    while (1);
  } else {
    Serial.println("Wiring is correct and a card is present.");
  }

  // print the type of card
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("Card type:         ");
  switch (card.type()) {
    case SD_CARD_TYPE_SD1:
      Serial.println("SD1");
      break;
    case SD_CARD_TYPE_SD2:
      Serial.println("SD2");
      break;
    case SD_CARD_TYPE_SDHC:
      Serial.println("SDHC");
      break;
    default:
      Serial.println("Unknown");
  }

  // Now we will try to open the 'volume'/'partition' - it should be FAT16 or FAT32
  if (!volume.init(card)) {
    Serial.println("Could not find FAT16/FAT32 partition.\nMake sure you've formatted the card");
    while (1);
  }

  Serial.print("Clusters:          ");
  Serial.println(volume.clusterCount());
  Serial.print("Blocks x Cluster:  ");
  Serial.println(volume.blocksPerCluster());

  Serial.print("Total Blocks:      ");
  Serial.println(volume.blocksPerCluster() * volume.clusterCount());
  Serial.println();

  // print the type and size of the first FAT-type volume
  uint32_t volumesize;
  Serial.print("Volume type is:    FAT");
  Serial.println(volume.fatType(), DEC);

  volumesize = volume.blocksPerCluster();    // clusters are collections of blocks
  volumesize *= volume.clusterCount();       // we'll have a lot of clusters
  volumesize /= 2;                           // SD card blocks are always 512 bytes (2 blocks are 1KB)
  Serial.print("Volume size (Kb):  ");
  Serial.println(volumesize);
  Serial.print("Volume size (Mb):  ");
  volumesize /= 1024;
  Serial.println(volumesize);
  Serial.print("Volume size (Gb):  ");
  Serial.println((float)volumesize / 1024.0);

  Serial.println("\nFiles found on the card (name, date and size in bytes): ");
  root.openRoot(volume);

  // list all files in the card with date and size
  root.ls(LS_R | LS_DATE | LS_SIZE);
}

void loop(void) {
}

PNY 4GB Format Results.png

Sandisk 8GB Format Results.png

SDFAT Code

/*
 * This program attempts to initialize an SD card and analyze its structure.
 */
#include <SPI.h>
#include "SdFat.h"
#include "sdios.h"

// Set USE_SDIO to zero for SPI card access. 
#define USE_SDIO 0
/*
 * SD chip select pin.  Common values are:
 *
 * Arduino Ethernet shield, pin 4.
 * SparkFun SD shield, pin 8.
 * Adafruit SD shields and modules, pin 10.
 * Default SD chip select is the SPI SS pin.
 */
const uint8_t SD_CHIP_SELECT = 10;
/*
 * Set DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT to disable a second SPI device.
 * For example, with the Ethernet shield, set DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT
 * to 10 to disable the Ethernet controller.
 */
const int8_t DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT = -1;

#if USE_SDIO
// Use faster SdioCardEX
SdFatSdioEX sd;
// SdFatSdio sd;
#else // USE_SDIO
SdFat sd;
#endif  // USE_SDIO

// serial output steam
ArduinoOutStream cout(Serial);

// global for card size
uint32_t cardSize;

// global for card erase size
uint32_t eraseSize;
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// store error strings in flash
#define sdErrorMsg(msg) sd.errorPrint(F(msg));
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uint8_t cidDmp() {
  cid_t cid;
  if (!sd.card()->readCID(&cid)) {
    sdErrorMsg("readCID failed");
    return false;
  }
  cout << F("\nManufacturer ID: ");
  cout << hex << int(cid.mid) << dec << endl;
  cout << F("OEM ID: ") << cid.oid[0] << cid.oid[1] << endl;
  cout << F("Product: ");
  for (uint8_t i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
    cout << cid.pnm[i];
  }
  cout << F("\nVersion: ");
  cout << int(cid.prv_n) << '.' << int(cid.prv_m) << endl;
  cout << F("Serial number: ") << hex << cid.psn << dec << endl;
  cout << F("Manufacturing date: ");
  cout << int(cid.mdt_month) << '/';
  cout << (2000 + cid.mdt_year_low + 10 * cid.mdt_year_high) << endl;
  cout << endl;
  return true;
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uint8_t csdDmp() {
  csd_t csd;
  uint8_t eraseSingleBlock;
  if (!sd.card()->readCSD(&csd)) {
    sdErrorMsg("readCSD failed");
    return false;
  }
  if (csd.v1.csd_ver == 0) {
    eraseSingleBlock = csd.v1.erase_blk_en;
    eraseSize = (csd.v1.sector_size_high << 1) | csd.v1.sector_size_low;
  } else if (csd.v2.csd_ver == 1) {
    eraseSingleBlock = csd.v2.erase_blk_en;
    eraseSize = (csd.v2.sector_size_high << 1) | csd.v2.sector_size_low;
  } else {
    cout << F("csd version error\n");
    return false;
  }
  eraseSize++;
  cout << F("cardSize: ") << 0.000512*cardSize;
  cout << F(" MB (MB = 1,000,000 bytes)\n");

  cout << F("flashEraseSize: ") << int(eraseSize) << F(" blocks\n");
  cout << F("eraseSingleBlock: ");
  if (eraseSingleBlock) {
    cout << F("true\n");
  } else {
    cout << F("false\n");
  }
  return true;
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// print partition table
uint8_t partDmp() {
  mbr_t mbr;
  if (!sd.card()->readBlock(0, (uint8_t*)&mbr)) {
    sdErrorMsg("read MBR failed");
    return false;
  }
  for (uint8_t ip = 1; ip < 5; ip++) {
    part_t *pt = &mbr.part[ip - 1];
    if ((pt->boot & 0X7F) != 0 || pt->firstSector > cardSize) {
      cout << F("\nNo MBR. Assuming Super Floppy format.\n");
      return true;
    }
  }
  cout << F("\nSD Partition Table\n");
  cout << F("part,boot,type,start,length\n");
  for (uint8_t ip = 1; ip < 5; ip++) {
    part_t *pt = &mbr.part[ip - 1];
    cout << int(ip) << ',' << hex << int(pt->boot) << ',' << int(pt->type);
    cout << dec << ',' << pt->firstSector <<',' << pt->totalSectors << endl;
  }
  return true;
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void volDmp() {
  cout << F("\nVolume is FAT") << int(sd.vol()->fatType()) << endl;
  cout << F("blocksPerCluster: ") << int(sd.vol()->blocksPerCluster()) << endl;
  cout << F("clusterCount: ") << sd.vol()->clusterCount() << endl;
  cout << F("freeClusters: ");
  uint32_t volFree = sd.vol()->freeClusterCount();
  cout <<  volFree << endl;
  float fs = 0.000512*volFree*sd.vol()->blocksPerCluster();
  cout << F("freeSpace: ") << fs << F(" MB (MB = 1,000,000 bytes)\n");
  cout << F("fatStartBlock: ") << sd.vol()->fatStartBlock() << endl;
  cout << F("fatCount: ") << int(sd.vol()->fatCount()) << endl;
  cout << F("blocksPerFat: ") << sd.vol()->blocksPerFat() << endl;
  cout << F("rootDirStart: ") << sd.vol()->rootDirStart() << endl;
  cout << F("dataStartBlock: ") << sd.vol()->dataStartBlock() << endl;
  if (sd.vol()->dataStartBlock() % eraseSize) {
    cout << F("Data area is not aligned on flash erase boundaries!\n");
    cout << F("Download and use formatter from www.sdcard.org!\n");
  }
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  
  // Wait for USB Serial 
  while (!Serial) {
    SysCall::yield();
  }

  // use uppercase in hex and use 0X base prefix
  cout << uppercase << showbase << endl;

  // F stores strings in flash to save RAM
  cout << F("SdFat version: ") << SD_FAT_VERSION << endl;
#if !USE_SDIO  
  if (DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT < 0) {
    cout << F(
           "\nAssuming the SD is the only SPI device.\n"
           "Edit DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT to disable another device.\n");
  } else {
    cout << F("\nDisabling SPI device on pin ");
    cout << int(DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT) << endl;
    pinMode(DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT, OUTPUT);
    digitalWrite(DISABLE_CHIP_SELECT, HIGH);
  }
  cout << F("\nAssuming the SD chip select pin is: ") <<int(SD_CHIP_SELECT);
  cout << F("\nEdit SD_CHIP_SELECT to change the SD chip select pin.\n");
#endif  // !USE_SDIO  
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void loop() {
  // Read any existing Serial data.
  do {
    delay(10);
  } while (Serial.available() && Serial.read() >= 0);

  // F stores strings in flash to save RAM
  cout << F("\ntype any character to start\n");
  while (!Serial.available()) {
    SysCall::yield();
  }

  uint32_t t = millis();
#if USE_SDIO
  if (!sd.cardBegin()) {
    sdErrorMsg("\ncardBegin failed");
    return;
  }
#else  // USE_SDIO
  // Initialize at the highest speed supported by the board that is
  // not over 50 MHz. Try a lower speed if SPI errors occur.
  if (!sd.cardBegin(SD_CHIP_SELECT, SD_SCK_MHZ(50))) {
    sdErrorMsg("cardBegin failed");
    return;
  }
 #endif  // USE_SDIO 
  t = millis() - t;

  cardSize = sd.card()->cardSize();
  if (cardSize == 0) {
    sdErrorMsg("cardSize failed");
    return;
  }
  cout << F("\ninit time: ") << t << " ms" << endl;
  cout << F("\nCard type: ");
  switch (sd.card()->type()) {
  case SD_CARD_TYPE_SD1:
    cout << F("SD1\n");
    break;

  case SD_CARD_TYPE_SD2:
    cout << F("SD2\n");
    break;

  case SD_CARD_TYPE_SDHC:
    if (cardSize < 70000000) {
      cout << F("SDHC\n");
    } else {
      cout << F("SDXC\n");
    }
    break;

  default:
    cout << F("Unknown\n");
  }
  if (!cidDmp()) {
    return;
  }
  if (!csdDmp()) {
    return;
  }
  uint32_t ocr;
  if (!sd.card()->readOCR(&ocr)) {
    sdErrorMsg("\nreadOCR failed");
    return;
  }
  cout << F("OCR: ") << hex << ocr << dec << endl;
  if (!partDmp()) {
    return;
  }
  if (!sd.fsBegin()) {
    sdErrorMsg("\nFile System initialization failed.\n");
    return;
  }
  volDmp();
}

Since the computer recognizes all of those and the Arduino always fails at the first stage of initialization, my only guesses are:

  • The cards don't support the MMC/SPI mode for some reason.
  • The module is broken down (broken traces or level shifter).

This first stage of initialization is merely hardware (card support, electrical power, physical connections), so...

OP, did you end up getting this working? I am having similar problems to you.

Sorry if this is a really stupid question, but looking at the photo you posted, is the micro sd card module soldered to the 0.1in pitch header you have plugged into your breadboard?

Maybe it's just the lighting in the photo but there doesn't look to be any solder on those pins......