Bit wise problem

Hi was wondering if anybody can help me with this.

i know i can do this

int b = a << 3;

i want to do this

int i=3;
int b = a << i;

it wont let me though

Is their a variable type for ‘i’ instead of an int that will work?

What do you mean "it won't let me?" Your second fragment compiles for me if a is declared.

I can’t find anything here. Here’s an idea:

--pseudo-code--

for(int i = 0; i < x; i++) {
int b = a << 1;
}

and “x” could be the number of bits to shift the variable “a”. It seems as if the bitshift function only allows for constants.

Good Luck!

I think your problem is you are declaring the variable type on a line with a calculation. You can only initialize variables to constant values. It will work if you do it like this:

int a = 4;
int i = 3;
int b;

b = a << i;

when you do this:

int b = 4;
The compiler is able to initialize b to 4 because it knows the ‘value of’ 4 (it’s a constant)
but when you do this:
int b = a << i;
the compiler has no idea what values a and i have so it can’t initialize b and gives an error.