Connecting ESP32-S2-wrover-I with tft SPI LCD

Hello guys.
Im trying to connect my ESP32-S2-wrover-I with my the following display:

https://www.az-delivery.de/products/1-8-zoll-spi-tft-display?variant=4982039773211&utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=SSC&utm_term=&gclid=EAIaIQobChMI1ubw2-n-8wIVoYODBx0j5Q_xEAYYASABEgIOZ_D_BwE

I tried severaly librarys for now. Searched the internet up and down, but couldn't find a way to get anything on my Display.

I tried the following librarys:
https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit-ST7735-Library
https://github.com/Bodmer/TFT_eSPI
https://github.com/sumotoy/TFT_ILI9163C/tree/Pre-Release-1.0p7

and nothing seems to work.
Now i hope someone of you guys ever made it work with an ESP32-S2-wrover-I

thanks!

Adafruty has been doing a good job with their libraries working well with a ESP32.

What does that mean? I ask because while you state nothing is working, you were able to make a post. By posting, something did work. By now you might be able to discern that the description of "nothing works" is to vague.

Anyways, give us a hand helping you out. Setup using he Adafruity library. Post your code that does not work, whatever that means, post a few pics of your wiring and we'll give it a go.

Hello

yeah sure. lets take the Adarfruit library with the "graphicstest" example.

I wired my Board with the LCD like that:

esp32 LCD
VCC -> 5V
GND -> GND
CS -> 10
RESET -> 9
A0 -> 8
SDA -> 11
SCK -> 13
LED -> 3.3V

with the following Code:

/**************************************************************************
  This is a library for several Adafruit displays based on ST77* drivers.

  Works with the Adafruit 1.8" TFT Breakout w/SD card
    ----> http://www.adafruit.com/products/358
  The 1.8" TFT shield
    ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/802
  The 1.44" TFT breakout
    ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/2088
  The 1.14" TFT breakout
  ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/4383
  The 1.3" TFT breakout
  ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/4313
  The 1.54" TFT breakout
    ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/3787
  The 1.69" TFT breakout
    ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/5206
  The 2.0" TFT breakout
    ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/4311
  as well as Adafruit raw 1.8" TFT display
    ----> http://www.adafruit.com/products/618

  Check out the links above for our tutorials and wiring diagrams.
  These displays use SPI to communicate, 4 or 5 pins are required to
  interface (RST is optional).

  Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code,
  please support Adafruit and open-source hardware by purchasing
  products from Adafruit!

  Written by Limor Fried/Ladyada for Adafruit Industries.
  MIT license, all text above must be included in any redistribution
 **************************************************************************/

#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>    // Core graphics library
#include <Adafruit_ST7735.h> // Hardware-specific library for ST7735
#include <Adafruit_ST7789.h> // Hardware-specific library for ST7789
#include <SPI.h>

/*#if defined(ARDUINO_FEATHER_ESP32) // Feather Huzzah32
  #define TFT_CS         14
  #define TFT_RST        15
  #define TFT_DC         32

#elif defined(ESP8266)
  #define TFT_CS         4
  #define TFT_RST        16                                            
  #define TFT_DC         5

#else*/
  // For the breakout board, you can use any 2 or 3 pins.
  // These pins will also work for the 1.8" TFT shield.
  #define TFT_CS        10
  #define TFT_RST        9 // Or set to -1 and connect to Arduino RESET pin
  #define TFT_DC         8
//#endif

// OPTION 1 (recommended) is to use the HARDWARE SPI pins, which are unique
// to each board and not reassignable. For Arduino Uno: MOSI = pin 11 and
// SCLK = pin 13. This is the fastest mode of operation and is required if
// using the breakout board's microSD card.

// For 1.44" and 1.8" TFT with ST7735 use:
Adafruit_ST7735 tft = Adafruit_ST7735(TFT_CS, TFT_DC, TFT_RST);

// For 1.14", 1.3", 1.54", 1.69", and 2.0" TFT with ST7789:
//Adafruit_ST7789 tft = Adafruit_ST7789(TFT_CS, TFT_DC, TFT_RST);


// OPTION 2 lets you interface the display using ANY TWO or THREE PINS,
// tradeoff being that performance is not as fast as hardware SPI above.
//#define TFT_MOSI 11  // Data out
//#define TFT_SCLK 13  // Clock out

// For ST7735-based displays, we will use this call
//Adafruit_ST7735 tft = Adafruit_ST7735(TFT_CS, TFT_DC, TFT_MOSI, TFT_SCLK, TFT_RST);

// OR for the ST7789-based displays, we will use this call
//Adafruit_ST7789 tft = Adafruit_ST7789(TFT_CS, TFT_DC, TFT_MOSI, TFT_SCLK, TFT_RST);


float p = 3.1415926;

void setup(void) {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.print(F("Hello! ST77xx TFT Test"));

  // Use this initializer if using a 1.8" TFT screen:
  tft.initR(INITR_BLACKTAB);      // Init ST7735S chip, black tab

  // OR use this initializer if using a 1.8" TFT screen with offset such as WaveShare:
  // tft.initR(INITR_GREENTAB);      // Init ST7735S chip, green tab

  // OR use this initializer (uncomment) if using a 1.44" TFT:
  //tft.initR(INITR_144GREENTAB); // Init ST7735R chip, green tab

  // OR use this initializer (uncomment) if using a 0.96" 160x80 TFT:
  //tft.initR(INITR_MINI160x80);  // Init ST7735S mini display

  // OR use this initializer (uncomment) if using a 1.3" or 1.54" 240x240 TFT:
  //tft.init(240, 240);           // Init ST7789 240x240

  // OR use this initializer (uncomment) if using a 1.69" 280x240 TFT:
  //tft.init(240, 280);           // Init ST7789 280x240

  // OR use this initializer (uncomment) if using a 2.0" 320x240 TFT:
  //tft.init(240, 320);           // Init ST7789 320x240

  // OR use this initializer (uncomment) if using a 1.14" 240x135 TFT:
  //tft.init(135, 240);           // Init ST7789 240x135
  
  // SPI speed defaults to SPI_DEFAULT_FREQ defined in the library, you can override it here
  // Note that speed allowable depends on chip and quality of wiring, if you go too fast, you
  // may end up with a black screen some times, or all the time.
  //tft.setSPISpeed(40000000);

  Serial.println(F("Initialized"));

  uint16_t time = millis();
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  time = millis() - time;

  Serial.println(time, DEC);
  delay(500);

  // large block of text
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  testdrawtext("Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Curabitur adipiscing ante sed nibh tincidunt feugiat. Maecenas enim massa, fringilla sed malesuada et, malesuada sit amet turpis. Sed porttitor neque ut ante pretium vitae malesuada nunc bibendum. Nullam aliquet ultrices massa eu hendrerit. Ut sed nisi lorem. In vestibulum purus a tortor imperdiet posuere. ", ST77XX_WHITE);
  delay(1000);

  // tft print function!
  tftPrintTest();
  delay(4000);

  // a single pixel
  tft.drawPixel(tft.width()/2, tft.height()/2, ST77XX_GREEN);
  delay(500);

  // line draw test
  testlines(ST77XX_YELLOW);
  delay(500);

  // optimized lines
  testfastlines(ST77XX_RED, ST77XX_BLUE);
  delay(500);

  testdrawrects(ST77XX_GREEN);
  delay(500);

  testfillrects(ST77XX_YELLOW, ST77XX_MAGENTA);
  delay(500);

  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  testfillcircles(10, ST77XX_BLUE);
  testdrawcircles(10, ST77XX_WHITE);
  delay(500);

  testroundrects();
  delay(500);

  testtriangles();
  delay(500);

  mediabuttons();
  delay(500);

  Serial.println("done");
  delay(1000);
}

void loop() {
  tft.invertDisplay(true);
  delay(500);
  tft.invertDisplay(false);
  delay(500);
}

void testlines(uint16_t color) {
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(0, 0, x, tft.height()-1, color);
    delay(0);
  }
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(0, 0, tft.width()-1, y, color);
    delay(0);
  }

  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, 0, x, tft.height()-1, color);
    delay(0);
  }
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, 0, 0, y, color);
    delay(0);
  }

  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(0, tft.height()-1, x, 0, color);
    delay(0);
  }
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(0, tft.height()-1, tft.width()-1, y, color);
    delay(0);
  }

  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, tft.height()-1, x, 0, color);
    delay(0);
  }
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, tft.height()-1, 0, y, color);
    delay(0);
  }
}

void testdrawtext(char *text, uint16_t color) {
  tft.setCursor(0, 0);
  tft.setTextColor(color);
  tft.setTextWrap(true);
  tft.print(text);
}

void testfastlines(uint16_t color1, uint16_t color2) {
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=5) {
    tft.drawFastHLine(0, y, tft.width(), color1);
  }
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=5) {
    tft.drawFastVLine(x, 0, tft.height(), color2);
  }
}

void testdrawrects(uint16_t color) {
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color);
  }
}

void testfillrects(uint16_t color1, uint16_t color2) {
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=tft.width()-1; x > 6; x-=6) {
    tft.fillRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color1);
    tft.drawRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color2);
  }
}

void testfillcircles(uint8_t radius, uint16_t color) {
  for (int16_t x=radius; x < tft.width(); x+=radius*2) {
    for (int16_t y=radius; y < tft.height(); y+=radius*2) {
      tft.fillCircle(x, y, radius, color);
    }
  }
}

void testdrawcircles(uint8_t radius, uint16_t color) {
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width()+radius; x+=radius*2) {
    for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height()+radius; y+=radius*2) {
      tft.drawCircle(x, y, radius, color);
    }
  }
}

void testtriangles() {
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  uint16_t color = 0xF800;
  int t;
  int w = tft.width()/2;
  int x = tft.height()-1;
  int y = 0;
  int z = tft.width();
  for(t = 0 ; t <= 15; t++) {
    tft.drawTriangle(w, y, y, x, z, x, color);
    x-=4;
    y+=4;
    z-=4;
    color+=100;
  }
}

void testroundrects() {
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  uint16_t color = 100;
  int i;
  int t;
  for(t = 0 ; t <= 4; t+=1) {
    int x = 0;
    int y = 0;
    int w = tft.width()-2;
    int h = tft.height()-2;
    for(i = 0 ; i <= 16; i+=1) {
      tft.drawRoundRect(x, y, w, h, 5, color);
      x+=2;
      y+=3;
      w-=4;
      h-=6;
      color+=1100;
    }
    color+=100;
  }
}

void tftPrintTest() {
  tft.setTextWrap(false);
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  tft.setCursor(0, 30);
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_RED);
  tft.setTextSize(1);
  tft.println("Hello World!");
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_YELLOW);
  tft.setTextSize(2);
  tft.println("Hello World!");
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_GREEN);
  tft.setTextSize(3);
  tft.println("Hello World!");
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_BLUE);
  tft.setTextSize(4);
  tft.print(1234.567);
  delay(1500);
  tft.setCursor(0, 0);
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_WHITE);
  tft.setTextSize(0);
  tft.println("Hello World!");
  tft.setTextSize(1);
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_GREEN);
  tft.print(p, 6);
  tft.println(" Want pi?");
  tft.println(" ");
  tft.print(8675309, HEX); // print 8,675,309 out in HEX!
  tft.println(" Print HEX!");
  tft.println(" ");
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_WHITE);
  tft.println("Sketch has been");
  tft.println("running for: ");
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_MAGENTA);
  tft.print(millis() / 1000);
  tft.setTextColor(ST77XX_WHITE);
  tft.print(" seconds.");
}

void mediabuttons() {
  // play
  tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
  tft.fillRoundRect(25, 10, 78, 60, 8, ST77XX_WHITE);
  tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST77XX_RED);
  delay(500);
  // pause
  tft.fillRoundRect(25, 90, 78, 60, 8, ST77XX_WHITE);
  tft.fillRoundRect(39, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST77XX_GREEN);
  tft.fillRoundRect(69, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST77XX_GREEN);
  delay(500);
  // play color
  tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST77XX_BLUE);
  delay(50);
  // pause color
  tft.fillRoundRect(39, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST77XX_RED);
  tft.fillRoundRect(69, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST77XX_RED);
  // play color
  tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST77XX_GREEN);
}

it compiles and uploads, but i dont see anything on the screen. just the background light shines

Did the example work?

You know the example sketch that comes with the library, did it work?

this is the library example. It does build and flash, but it doesn't display anything.

And there is a problem.

GPIO & RTC GPIO - ESP32 - — ESP-IDF Programming Guide latest documentation (espressif.com)

what exactly is the problem?

its my first time working with the SPI interface and I'm not really sure where the problem exactly is

Did you read?

well i tried.

so pin 8/9/10 are for spi I/O. isnt this exactly what i want?

DO NOT USE GPIO_NUM_11,10,9,6,7,8. Got it? If you want to know why, do your research and start by reading the link I posted.

well now i tried a few other pins

i tried
esp32 LCD
VCC -> 5V
GND -> GND
CS -> 33
RESET ->34
A0 -> 35
SDA -> 15
SCK -> 14
LED -> 3.3V

and it still doesnt seem to work.

Of course i changed the pinnumbering in my code

Quick question regarding the Link you postet. Isnt it the wrong Board? I'm using the esp32-S2-Wrover-I and the Link you postet is for the ESP32.

I dont even have pin 23-25 for Example

post a pic of your board.


i know my wiring is pretty messy. The Pins are named on the bottom side of the board. The Order of the pins from my LCD from top to bottom is:

LED -> 3.3V
SCK -> 14
SDA -> 15
A0 -> 35
RESET ->34
CS -> 33
GND -> GND
VCC -> 5V

The pinout on the board, from the images posted, is not indicative of the GPIO pins. I've not seen a ESP32 pin labeled as yours is.

You'll need to find the pinout diagram for your board.

Example of a ESP32S WROVER pinout:

If you look closely, it looks like the image I posted can be used as your pinout.

EDIT:

The pinout does match your board. Sorry for taking a wrong track there.

1 Like

Bad pin choices.

1 Like

Ok Thank I'll give it another try tomorrow.
So basically i have to connect my Pins on a SPI I/O pin right?

When I use ESP32 WROVER's

They have 2 SPI ports.

The default SPI port pins that is safe for a lot of the Arduino libraries:

VSPI:

MISO: GPIO_NUM_19
SCK: GPIO_NUM_18
CS: GPIO_NUM_5
MOSI: GPIO_NUM_23

The alternate SPI library that takes a bit more code to use:
HSPI:
MISO: GPIO_NUM_12
SCK: GPIO_NUM_14
CS: GPIO_NUM_15
MOSI: GPIO_NUM_13

Hello!

I just tried it out again. I cant really tell why. But the same Code i used last time is working now. Probably a Cable wasn properly plugged or something.

Nevertheless I tried to get to know a little more about what you told me yesterday. The ESP32-S2-Wrover-I is using the ESP32-S2-Saola-I Chip, which does not Contain 2 SPI Ports named VSPI & HSPI(this was a problem which I had with another Library. cant really remember which one it was). It is named FSPI .

The pinout looks like that:

The biggest problem regarding my project is the pin naming printed on the Board.

SDA on other boards its defined as MOSI(Master output Slave input). I wasnt sure wether it was I2C or SPI since the tag "SPI" is printed on the Board , but SDA usually refers to an I2C interface.

A0 on other boards its defined as DC or RS.

Now I was wondering why the pinout diagram even matters. I tried different combinations of wiring. Every single one seems to work with no visual difference for me. I connected my pins on pin 11 - 16 of the right side of my board and i connected my pins on any other arbitary chosen pin. All seem to work. Why should I even bother reading those diagrams when its working anyways? I'll continue looking for an answer since that reall bothers me :slight_smile:

thanks for your help !