Converting NFC Tag Payload to String

Hi, I am working on an NFC tutorial project, in which I write a message to a NTAG216 tag and read it in the Arduino Serial Monitor. This is using the Arduino Uno R3 and the Adafruit PN532 NFC Shield.

The read sketch converts the tag’s payload into a string. In the tutorial, this leaves a square character followed by “en” which appears to be the language headers. The only way I have found to remove these characters is to use String.remove(0,3) before printing out the string.

Is there a better way to convert from the payload to string? From the research I did, it looks like there is a proper way to do this. Unfortunately, the articles I found referenced Google Code pages that no longer exist, so I am not sure what the proper way is.

Any help or tips are appreciated. Below is the read sketch code:

#include <Wire.h>
#include <PN532_I2C.h>
#include <PN532.h>
#include <NfcAdapter.h>

PN532_I2C pn532_i2c(Wire);
NfcAdapter nfc = NfcAdapter(pn532_i2c);  // The Adafruit PN532 Shield

void setup(void) {
  Serial.println("NFC TAG READER");
  Serial.println("\nScan your NFC tag on the Adafruit PN532 NFC Shield!");

void loop(void) {
  if (nfc.tagPresent())
    Serial.println("NFC tag Found!\n");
    NfcTag tag =;
    Serial.print("Tag Type: ");
    Serial.print("UID: ");

    if (tag.hasNdefMessage())
      NdefMessage message = tag.getNdefMessage();
      // If you have more than 1 Message then it wil cycle through them
      int recordCount = message.getRecordCount();
      for (int i = 0; i < recordCount; i++)
        NdefRecord record = message.getRecord(i);

        int payloadLength = record.getPayloadLength();
        byte payload[payloadLength];

        String payloadAsString = ""; // Processes the message as a string vs as a HEX value
        for (int c = 0; c < payloadLength; c++) 
          payloadAsString += (char)payload[c];
        Serial.println("\nTag Content Shown Below\n");
        Serial.print("Original String: ");
        Serial.println("\nBy Manually removing the first 3 characters\n"); 
        String cleanString = payloadAsString;
        Serial.print("Cleaned String: ");

        String uid = record.getId();
        if (uid != "") 
          Serial.print("  ID: ");

If you are simply wanting to drop the first 3 character, you could do it here:

for (int c = 0; c < payloadLength; c++)


for (int c = 3; c < payloadLength; c++)

Ok thanks. I knew there was a better way to do it, not sure why I didn't think of that.