ESP32 Cam no Serial Output

Hey,

I've flashed my esp32cam with a sketch with no problems. The sketch is working fine.
But after that, it is not possible to flash the esp32cam again with another sketch.
There is no serial output in the serial monitor. I've checked everything and i am not able to get it working again. Could it be a problem that I'am using GPIO2 in my sketch?

Regards Marc

IDE: Arduino 1.8.15
Hardware: ESP32 Cam

Your post was MOVED to its current location as it is more suitable.

What sketch would that be ?

Please follow the advice given in the link below when posting code, in particular the section entitled 'Posting code and common code problems'

Use code tags (the </> icon above the compose window) to make it easier to read and copy for examination

Maybe disconnect whatever you have connected to GPIO2 and see if sketches will load again ?

#include "esp_camera.h"
#include <WiFi.h>
#include "esp_timer.h"
#include "img_converters.h"
#include "Arduino.h"
#include "fb_gfx.h"
#include "soc/soc.h"             // disable brownout problems
#include "soc/rtc_cntl_reg.h"    // disable brownout problems
#include "esp_http_server.h"
#include "ESP32Servo.h"
#include <ArduinoOTA.h>

// Replace with your network credentials
const char* ssid = "xxxxx";
const char* password = "xxxxx";

#define PART_BOUNDARY "123456789000000000000987654321"

#define CAMERA_MODEL_AI_THINKER
//#define CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_PSRAM
//#define CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_WITHOUT_PSRAM
//#define CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_PSRAM_B
//#define CAMERA_MODEL_WROVER_KIT

#if defined(CAMERA_MODEL_WROVER_KIT)
#define PWDN_GPIO_NUM    -1
#define RESET_GPIO_NUM   -1
#define XCLK_GPIO_NUM    21
#define SIOD_GPIO_NUM    26
#define SIOC_GPIO_NUM    27

#define Y9_GPIO_NUM      35
#define Y8_GPIO_NUM      34
#define Y7_GPIO_NUM      39
#define Y6_GPIO_NUM      36
#define Y5_GPIO_NUM      19
#define Y4_GPIO_NUM      18
#define Y3_GPIO_NUM       5
#define Y2_GPIO_NUM       4
#define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM   25
#define HREF_GPIO_NUM    23
#define PCLK_GPIO_NUM    22

#elif defined(CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_PSRAM)
#define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     -1
#define RESET_GPIO_NUM    15
#define XCLK_GPIO_NUM     27
#define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     25
#define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     23

#define Y9_GPIO_NUM       19
#define Y8_GPIO_NUM       36
#define Y7_GPIO_NUM       18
#define Y6_GPIO_NUM       39
#define Y5_GPIO_NUM        5
#define Y4_GPIO_NUM       34
#define Y3_GPIO_NUM       35
#define Y2_GPIO_NUM       32
#define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    22
#define HREF_GPIO_NUM     26
#define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     21

#elif defined(CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_WITHOUT_PSRAM)
#define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     -1
#define RESET_GPIO_NUM    15
#define XCLK_GPIO_NUM     27
#define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     25
#define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     23

#define Y9_GPIO_NUM       19
#define Y8_GPIO_NUM       36
#define Y7_GPIO_NUM       18
#define Y6_GPIO_NUM       39
#define Y5_GPIO_NUM        5
#define Y4_GPIO_NUM       34
#define Y3_GPIO_NUM       35
#define Y2_GPIO_NUM       17
#define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    22
#define HREF_GPIO_NUM     26
#define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     21

#elif defined(CAMERA_MODEL_AI_THINKER)
#define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     32
#define RESET_GPIO_NUM    -1
#define XCLK_GPIO_NUM      0
#define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     26
#define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     27

#define Y9_GPIO_NUM       35
#define Y8_GPIO_NUM       34
#define Y7_GPIO_NUM       39
#define Y6_GPIO_NUM       36
#define Y5_GPIO_NUM       21
#define Y4_GPIO_NUM       19
#define Y3_GPIO_NUM       18
#define Y2_GPIO_NUM        5
#define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    25
#define HREF_GPIO_NUM     23
#define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     22

#elif defined(CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_PSRAM_B)
#define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     -1
#define RESET_GPIO_NUM    15
#define XCLK_GPIO_NUM     27
#define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     22
#define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     23

#define Y9_GPIO_NUM       19
#define Y8_GPIO_NUM       36
#define Y7_GPIO_NUM       18
#define Y6_GPIO_NUM       39
#define Y5_GPIO_NUM        5
#define Y4_GPIO_NUM       34
#define Y3_GPIO_NUM       35
#define Y2_GPIO_NUM       32
#define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    25
#define HREF_GPIO_NUM     26
#define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     21

#else
#error "Camera model not selected"
#endif

#define MOTOR_1_PIN_1    14
#define MOTOR_1_PIN_2    15
#define MOTOR_2_PIN_1    13
#define MOTOR_2_PIN_2    12

#define SERVO_1      2
#define SERVO_2      16
#define SERVO_STEP   5

//GPIO 4 is the internal led
#define LED_BUILTIN 4

Servo servoN1;
Servo servoN2;
Servo servo1;
Servo servo2;

int servo1Pos = 70;
int servo2Pos = 70;

const char* PARAM_INPUT = "value";

static const char* _STREAM_CONTENT_TYPE = "multipart/x-mixed-replace;boundary=" PART_BOUNDARY;
static const char* _STREAM_BOUNDARY = "\r\n--" PART_BOUNDARY "\r\n";
static const char* _STREAM_PART = "Content-Type: image/jpeg\r\nContent-Length: %u\r\n\r\n";

httpd_handle_t camera_httpd = NULL;
httpd_handle_t stream_httpd = NULL;

static const char PROGMEM INDEX_HTML[] = R"rawliteral(
<html>
  <head>
    <title>ESP32-CAM Robot</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <style>
      body { font-family: Arial; text-align: center; margin:0px auto; padding-top: 30px;}
      table { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }
      td { padding: 8 px; }
      .button {
        background-color: #2f4468;
        border: none;
        color: white;
        padding: 10px 20px;
        text-align: center;
        text-decoration: none;
        display: inline-block;
        font-size: 18px;
        margin: 6px 3px;
        cursor: pointer;
        -webkit-touch-callout: none;
        -webkit-user-select: none;
        -khtml-user-select: none;
        -moz-user-select: none;
        -ms-user-select: none;
        user-select: none;
        -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0,0,0,0);
      }
      img {  width: auto ;
        max-width: 100% ;
        height: auto ; 
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>ESP32-CAM Robot</h1>
    <img src="" id="photo" >
    <table>
      <tr><td colspan="3" align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('forward');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('forward');" onmouseup="toggleCheckbox('stop');" ontouchend="toggleCheckbox('stop');">Forward</button></td></tr>
      <tr><td align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('left');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('left');" onmouseup="toggleCheckbox('stop');" ontouchend="toggleCheckbox('stop');">Left</button></td><td align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('stop');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('stop');">Stop</button></td><td align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('right');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('right');" onmouseup="toggleCheckbox('stop');" ontouchend="toggleCheckbox('stop');">Right</button></td></tr>
      <tr><td colspan="3" align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('backward');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('backward');" onmouseup="toggleCheckbox('stop');" ontouchend="toggleCheckbox('stop');">Backward</button></td></tr>                   
      <tr><td colspan="3"  align="center"><hr/></td></tr>
      <tr><td colspan="3" align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('up');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('up');">Up</button></td></tr>
      <tr><td align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('cleft');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('cleft');">Left</button></td><td align="center"></td><td align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('cright');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('cright');">Right</button></td></tr>
      <tr><td colspan="3" align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('down');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('down');">Down</button></td></tr>
      <tr><td colspan="3"  align="center"><hr/></td></tr>
      <tr><td colspan="3" align="center"><button class="button" onmousedown="toggleCheckbox('led');" ontouchstart="toggleCheckbox('led');">Toggle Led</button></td></tr>
    </table>
   <script>
   function toggleCheckbox(x) {
     var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
     xhr.open("GET", "/action?go=" + x, true);
     xhr.send();
   }
   window.onload = document.getElementById("photo").src = window.location.href.slice(0, -1) + ":81/stream";
  </script>
  </body>
</html>
)rawliteral";

static esp_err_t index_handler(httpd_req_t *req){
  httpd_resp_set_type(req, "text/html");
  return httpd_resp_send(req, (const char *)INDEX_HTML, strlen(INDEX_HTML));
}

static esp_err_t stream_handler(httpd_req_t *req){
  camera_fb_t * fb = NULL;
  esp_err_t res = ESP_OK;
  size_t _jpg_buf_len = 0;
  uint8_t * _jpg_buf = NULL;
  char * part_buf[64];

  res = httpd_resp_set_type(req, _STREAM_CONTENT_TYPE);
  if(res != ESP_OK){
    return res;
  }

  while(true){
    fb = esp_camera_fb_get();
    if (!fb) {
      Serial.println("Camera capture failed");
      res = ESP_FAIL;
    } else {
      if(fb->width > 400){
        if(fb->format != PIXFORMAT_JPEG){
          bool jpeg_converted = frame2jpg(fb, 80, &_jpg_buf, &_jpg_buf_len);
          esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
          fb = NULL;
          if(!jpeg_converted){
            Serial.println("JPEG compression failed");
            res = ESP_FAIL;
          }
        } else {
          _jpg_buf_len = fb->len;
          _jpg_buf = fb->buf;
        }
      }
    }
    if(res == ESP_OK){
      size_t hlen = snprintf((char *)part_buf, 64, _STREAM_PART, _jpg_buf_len);
      res = httpd_resp_send_chunk(req, (const char *)part_buf, hlen);
    }
    if(res == ESP_OK){
      res = httpd_resp_send_chunk(req, (const char *)_jpg_buf, _jpg_buf_len);
    }
    if(res == ESP_OK){
      res = httpd_resp_send_chunk(req, _STREAM_BOUNDARY, strlen(_STREAM_BOUNDARY));
    }
    if(fb){
      esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
      fb = NULL;
      _jpg_buf = NULL;
    } else if(_jpg_buf){
      free(_jpg_buf);
      _jpg_buf = NULL;
    }
    if(res != ESP_OK){
      break;
    }
    //Serial.printf("MJPG: %uB\n",(uint32_t)(_jpg_buf_len));
  }
  return res;
}

static esp_err_t cmd_handler(httpd_req_t *req){
  char*  buf;
  size_t buf_len;
  char variable[32] = {0,};
  
  buf_len = httpd_req_get_url_query_len(req) + 1;
  if (buf_len > 1) {
    buf = (char*)malloc(buf_len);
    if(!buf){
      httpd_resp_send_500(req);
      return ESP_FAIL;
    }
    if (httpd_req_get_url_query_str(req, buf, buf_len) == ESP_OK) {
      if (httpd_query_key_value(buf, "go", variable, sizeof(variable)) == ESP_OK) {
      } else {
        free(buf);
        httpd_resp_send_404(req);
        return ESP_FAIL;
      }
    } else {
      free(buf);
      httpd_resp_send_404(req);
      return ESP_FAIL;
    }
    free(buf);
  } else {
    httpd_resp_send_404(req);
    return ESP_FAIL;
  }

  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get();
  int res = 0;
  
  if(!strcmp(variable, "forward")) {
    Serial.println("Forward");
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_1, 1);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_2, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_1, 1);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_2, 0);
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "left")) {
    Serial.println("Left");
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_1, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_2, 1);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_1, 1);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_2, 0);
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "right")) {
    Serial.println("Right");
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_1, 1);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_2, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_1, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_2, 1);
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "backward")) {
    Serial.println("Backward");
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_1, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_2, 1);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_1, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_2, 1);
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "stop")) {
    Serial.println("Stop");
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_1, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_1_PIN_2, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_1, 0);
    digitalWrite(MOTOR_2_PIN_2, 0);
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "up")) {
  if(servo1Pos <= 170) {
    servo1Pos += 10;
    servo1.write(servo1Pos);
  }
  Serial.println(servo1Pos);
  Serial.println("Up");
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "cleft")) {
    if(servo2Pos <= 170) {
      servo2Pos += 10;
      servo2.write(servo2Pos);
    }
    Serial.println(servo2Pos);
    Serial.println("camera Left");
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "cright")) {
    if(servo2Pos >= 10) {
      servo2Pos -= 10;
      servo2.write(servo2Pos);
    }
    Serial.println(servo2Pos);
    Serial.println("camera Right");
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "down")) {
    if(servo1Pos >= 10) {
      servo1Pos -= 10;
      servo1.write(servo1Pos);
    }
    Serial.println(servo1Pos);
    Serial.println("Down");
  }
  else if(!strcmp(variable, "led")) {
    byte val;
    val = digitalRead(LED_BUILTIN);     // read the input pin
    if (val == HIGH){
      digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, LOW);
    }else{
      digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);
    }
    Serial.println("LED On/Off");
  }
  else {
    res = -1;
  }

  if(res){
    return httpd_resp_send_500(req);
  }

  httpd_resp_set_hdr(req, "Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
  return httpd_resp_send(req, NULL, 0);
}

void startCameraServer(){
  httpd_config_t config = HTTPD_DEFAULT_CONFIG();
  config.server_port = 80;
  httpd_uri_t index_uri = {
    .uri       = "/",
    .method    = HTTP_GET,
    .handler   = index_handler,
    .user_ctx  = NULL
  };

  httpd_uri_t cmd_uri = {
    .uri       = "/action",
    .method    = HTTP_GET,
    .handler   = cmd_handler,
    .user_ctx  = NULL
  };
  httpd_uri_t stream_uri = {
    .uri       = "/stream",
    .method    = HTTP_GET,
    .handler   = stream_handler,
    .user_ctx  = NULL
  };
  if (httpd_start(&camera_httpd, &config) == ESP_OK) {
    httpd_register_uri_handler(camera_httpd, &index_uri);
    httpd_register_uri_handler(camera_httpd, &cmd_uri);
  }
  config.server_port += 1;
  config.ctrl_port += 1;
  if (httpd_start(&stream_httpd, &config) == ESP_OK) {
    httpd_register_uri_handler(stream_httpd, &stream_uri);
  }
}

void setup() {
  WRITE_PERI_REG(RTC_CNTL_BROWN_OUT_REG, 0); //disable brownout detector
  
  pinMode(MOTOR_1_PIN_1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MOTOR_1_PIN_2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MOTOR_2_PIN_1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MOTOR_2_PIN_2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);//Specify that LED pin is output
  
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.setDebugOutput(true);
  
  camera_config_t config;
  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0 = Y2_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d1 = Y3_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d2 = Y4_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d3 = Y5_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d4 = Y6_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d5 = Y7_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d6 = Y8_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d7 = Y9_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_xclk = XCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pclk = PCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_vsync = VSYNC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_href = HREF_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_sda = SIOD_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_scl = SIOC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pwdn = PWDN_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_reset = RESET_GPIO_NUM;
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG; 
  
  if(psramFound()){
    config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_VGA;
    config.jpeg_quality = 10;
    config.fb_count = 2;
  } else {
    config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_SVGA;
    config.jpeg_quality = 12;
    config.fb_count = 1;
  }

  //servo ++
  servo1.setPeriodHertz(50);    // standard 50 hz servo
  servo2.setPeriodHertz(50);    // standard 50 hz servo
  servoN1.attach(2, 1000, 2000);
  servoN2.attach(13, 1000, 2000);
  
  servo1.attach(SERVO_1, 1000, 2000);
  servo2.attach(SERVO_2, 1000, 2000);
  
  servo1.write(servo1Pos);
  servo2.write(servo2Pos);
  //Servo --
  
  // Camera init
  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.printf("Camera init failed with error 0x%x", err);
    return;
  }
  
  // Wi-Fi connection
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(".");
  }
  Serial.println("");
  Serial.println("WiFi connected");
  
  Serial.print("Camera Stream Ready! Go to: http://");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
  
  // Start streaming web server
  startCameraServer();

  // Make OTA Ready...  
  ArduinoOTA.setPort(3232);

  // Hostname defaults to esp3232-[MAC]
  ArduinoOTA.setHostname("robot-esp32");

  // No authentication by default
  ArduinoOTA.setPassword("xxxx");
  
  ArduinoOTA
    .onStart([]() {
      String type;
      if (ArduinoOTA.getCommand() == U_FLASH)
        type = "sketch";
      else // U_SPIFFS
        type = "filesystem";

      // NOTE: if updating SPIFFS this would be the place to unmount SPIFFS using SPIFFS.end()
      Serial.println("Start updating " + type);
    })
    .onEnd([]() {
      Serial.println("\nEnd");
    })
    .onProgress([](unsigned int progress, unsigned int total) {
      Serial.printf("Progress: %u%%\r", (progress / (total / 100)));
    })
    .onError([](ota_error_t error) {
      Serial.printf("Error[%u]: ", error);
      if (error == OTA_AUTH_ERROR) Serial.println("Auth Failed");
      else if (error == OTA_BEGIN_ERROR) Serial.println("Begin Failed");
      else if (error == OTA_CONNECT_ERROR) Serial.println("Connect Failed");
      else if (error == OTA_RECEIVE_ERROR) Serial.println("Receive Failed");
      else if (error == OTA_END_ERROR) Serial.println("End Failed");
    });
  
  ArduinoOTA.begin();

}

void loop() {
  ArduinoOTA.handle();
}

Everything but the FTDI isn't connected.

Regards Marc

I assume that you have the jumper in place to take pin 0 to GND when trying to upload the sketch

yes :slight_smile:
The Problem is there is completely no serial output

With the FTDI connected and the IDE serial monitor set to 115200 baud, what text appears when you press the reset button ?

nothing

The issue you say you are having is that after flashing and removing the FTDI from the ESP32CAM, you no longer have serial prints, correct?

A working and correctly connected ESP32CAM should produce a printout like this at reset;

rst:0x1 (POWERON_RESET),boot:0x13 (SPI_FAST_FLASH_BOOT)
configsip: 0, SPIWP:0xee
clk_drv:0x00,q_drv:0x00,d_drv:0x00,cs0_drv:0x00,hd_drv:0x00,wp_drv:0x00
mode:DIO, clock div:1
load:0x3fff0018,len:4
load:0x3fff001c,len:1216
ho 0 tail 12 room 4
load:0x40078000,len:10944
load:0x40080400,len:6388
entry 0x400806b4

That is produced before the sketch starts, so nothing in the sketch should prevent that printout.

If you press reset when DIO0 is at GND then you should see this;

rst:0x1 (POWERON_RESET),boot:0x3 (DOWNLOAD_BOOT(UART0/UART1/SDIO_REI_REO_V2))
waiting for download

No, I've flashed the ESP with the sketch. After that I've removed the ESP from the FTDI. And now I've connected it again the the FTDI. Before the disconnect of the FTDI the serial output worked withoud any problem.

Quite strange.

Did you remove the jumper for programing after flashing and rebooting?

GPIO to GND? Yes, the esp boots and i can access the webpage.

Post a pic of your setup that is not printing to the serial port.

Post a pic of your boot up messages.

FTDI:

ESP32:

Serial out of boot:

Add in setup
pinMode(33, OUTPUT);

Add in loop
digitalWrite(33, LOW);

Does the onboard LED illuminate?

BTW, your images look as if proper connections are being made.

Nope it doen't because i can't flash the sketch:

That's most likely a communications error and not a compile the sketch error. At that point of the process the sketch has been complied and is ready for upload.

Did you hook up the programing jumper? Did you press reset? Did you see the message waiting for upload? Did you do all that before trying to compile and upload the sketch?

  • Did you hook up the programing jumper?
    • Yes
  • Did you press reset?
    • Yes
  • Did you see the message waiting for upload?
    • No, the serial output stays completly empty
  • Did you do all that before trying to compile and upload the sketch?
    • Yes

Then you will not be able to program your ESP32CAM. I'd suggest you look at the FTDI how its connected. Does the FTDI modules lights respond to the various stages of sketch upload? Do the LEDs turn on and off or flicker during the download attempt? I had to go through several different FTDI modules to get one that worked with the ESP32CAM.