ESP32-CAM taking multiple pictures with different configurations

Hi guys,

I want to take photos with different configs (different resolutions), but when I try to change it the ESP32-CAM crashes. How can I do that? I just want to take multiple photos with different configs. I will save the high res one to the SD Card and will send low res to Arduino.Maybe I can do something like deep-sleep and wake-up or just resetting?

Thanks.

My code:

/*********
  Rui Santos
  Complete project details at https://RandomNerdTutorials.com/esp32-cam-ov2640-camera-settings/
*********/

#include "esp_camera.h"
#include "FS.h"                // SD Card ESP32
#include "SD_MMC.h"            // SD Card ESP32
#include "soc/soc.h"           // Disable brownout problems
#include "soc/rtc_cntl_reg.h"  // Disable brownout problems
#include "driver/rtc_io.h"

// Pin definition for CAMERA_MODEL_AI_THINKER
// Change pin definition if you're using another ESP32 with camera module
#define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     32
#define RESET_GPIO_NUM    -1
#define XCLK_GPIO_NUM      0
#define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     26
#define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     27
#define Y9_GPIO_NUM       35
#define Y8_GPIO_NUM       34
#define Y7_GPIO_NUM       39
#define Y6_GPIO_NUM       36
#define Y5_GPIO_NUM       21
#define Y4_GPIO_NUM       19
#define Y3_GPIO_NUM       18
#define Y2_GPIO_NUM        5
#define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    25
#define HREF_GPIO_NUM     23
#define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     22

// Keep track of number of pictures
unsigned int pictureNumber = 5;

//Stores the camera configuration parameters
camera_config_t config;

void setup() {
  WRITE_PERI_REG(RTC_CNTL_BROWN_OUT_REG, 0); //disable brownout detector
 
  Serial.begin(115200);
  
  //Initialize the camera  
  Serial.print("Initializing the camera module...");
  configInitCameraHigh();
  Serial.println("Ok!");
 
  //Initialize MicroSD
  Serial.print("Initializing the MicroSD card module... ");
  initMicroSDCard();
}

void loop() {
  //Path where new picture will be saved in SD Card
  String path = "/test" + String(pictureNumber) +".jpg";  
  Serial.printf("Picture file name: %s\n", path.c_str());

  //Take and Save Photo
  takeSavePhoto(path);
  pictureNumber++;
  delay(10000);
  configInitCameraLow();
}

void configInitCameraHigh(){
  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0 = Y2_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d1 = Y3_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d2 = Y4_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d3 = Y5_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d4 = Y6_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d5 = Y7_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d6 = Y8_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d7 = Y9_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_xclk = XCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pclk = PCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_vsync = VSYNC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_href = HREF_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_sda = SIOD_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_scl = SIOC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pwdn = PWDN_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_reset = RESET_GPIO_NUM;
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG; //YUV422,GRAYSCALE,RGB565,JPEG

  // Select lower framesize if the camera doesn't support PSRAM
  if(psramFound()){
    config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_UXGA; // FRAMESIZE_ + QVGA|CIF|VGA|SVGA|XGA|SXGA|UXGA
    config.jpeg_quality = 10; //10-63 lower number means higher quality
    config.fb_count = 2;
  } else {
    config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_SVGA;
    config.jpeg_quality = 12;
    config.fb_count = 1;
  }
  
  // Initialize the Camera
  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.printf("Camera init failed with error 0x%x", err);
    return;
  }
}

void configInitCameraLow(){
  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0 = Y2_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d1 = Y3_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d2 = Y4_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d3 = Y5_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d4 = Y6_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d5 = Y7_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d6 = Y8_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d7 = Y9_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_xclk = XCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pclk = PCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_vsync = VSYNC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_href = HREF_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_sda = SIOD_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_scl = SIOC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pwdn = PWDN_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_reset = RESET_GPIO_NUM;
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_GRAYSCALE; //YUV422,GRAYSCALE,RGB565,JPEG

  // Select lower framesize if the camera doesn't support PSRAM
  if(psramFound()){
    config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_QVGA; // FRAMESIZE_ + QVGA|CIF|VGA|SVGA|XGA|SXGA|UXGA
    config.jpeg_quality = 10; //10-63 lower number means higher quality
    config.fb_count = 2;
  } else {
    config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_QVGA;
    config.jpeg_quality = 12;
    config.fb_count = 1;
  }
  
  // Initialize the Camera
  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.printf("Camera init failed with error 0x%x", err);
    return;
  }
}

void initMicroSDCard(){
  // Start Micro SD card
  Serial.println("Starting SD Card");
  if(!SD_MMC.begin()){
    Serial.println("SD Card Mount Failed");
    return;
  }
  uint8_t cardType = SD_MMC.cardType();
  if(cardType == CARD_NONE){
    Serial.println("No SD Card attached");
    return;
  }
}

void takeSavePhoto(String path){
  // Take Picture with Camera
  camera_fb_t  * fb = esp_camera_fb_get();

  if(!fb) {
    Serial.println("Camera capture failed");
    return;
  }

  // Save picture to microSD card
  fs::FS &fs = SD_MMC; 
  File file = fs.open(path.c_str(), FILE_WRITE);
  if(!file){
    Serial.println("Failed to open file in writing mode");
  } 
  else {
    file.write(fb->buf, fb->len); // payload (image), payload length
    Serial.printf("Saved file to path: %s\n", path.c_str());
  }
  file.close();
  
  //return the frame buffer back to the driver for reuse
  esp_camera_fb_return(fb); 
}
1 Like
#include "sdkconfig.h" // used for log printing
#include "esp_system.h"
#include "freertos/FreeRTOS.h" //freeRTOS items to be used
#include "freertos/task.h"
#include "certs.h"
#include "esp_camera.h"
#include "soc/soc.h"           // Disable brownout problems
#include "soc/rtc_cntl_reg.h"  // Disable brownout problems
#include "driver/rtc_io.h"
#include <WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiClient.h>
#include "ESP32_FTPClient.h"
#include <PubSubClient.h>
#include <ESP32Time.h>
//
WiFiClient      wifiClient; // do the WiFi instantiation thing
PubSubClient    MQTTclient( mqtt_server, mqtt_port, wifiClient ); //do the MQTT instantiation thing
ESP32_FTPClient ftp (ftp_server, ftp_user, ftp_pass, 5000, 2);
ESP32Time       rtc;
////
//#define evtDoMQTTParse  ( 1 << 0 ) // declare an event
//EventGroupHandle_t eg; // variable for the event group handle
////
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_MQTT_KeepAlive;
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_mqttOK;
////
QueueHandle_t xQ_Message; // payload and topic queue of MQTT payload and topic
const int payloadSize = 300;
struct stu_message
{
  char payload [payloadSize] = {'\0'};
  String topic ;
} x_message;
////
int  mqttOK = 0;
bool TimeSet = false;
bool FlashMode = false;
//
void IRAM_ATTR WiFiEvent(WiFiEvent_t event)
{
  switch (event) {
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_CONNECTED:
      log_i("Connected to WiFi access point");
      break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_DISCONNECTED:
      log_i("Disconnected from WiFi access point");
      break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_AP_STADISCONNECTED:
      log_i("WiFi client disconnected");
      break;
    default: break;
  }
} // void IRAM_ATTR WiFiEvent(WiFiEvent_t event)
//
void IRAM_ATTR mqttCallback(char* topic, byte * payload, unsigned int length)
{
  // clear locations
  memset( x_message.payload, '\0', payloadSize );
  x_message.topic = ""; //clear string buffer
  x_message.topic = topic;
  int i = 0;
  for ( i; i < length; i++)
  {
    x_message.payload[i] = ((char)payload[i]);
  }
  x_message.payload[i] = '\0';
  xQueueOverwrite( xQ_Message, (void *) &x_message );// send data to queue
} // void mqttCallback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length)
////
void setup()
{
  pinMode( GPIO_NUM_4, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite( GPIO_NUM_4, LOW);
  //
  WRITE_PERI_REG(RTC_CNTL_BROWN_OUT_REG, 0); //disable brownout detector
  //
  //eg = xEventGroupCreate(); // get an event group handle
  //
  x_message.topic.reserve( payloadSize );
  //
  xQ_Message  = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(stu_message) );
  //
  sema_mqttOK    =  xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
  //
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( MQTTkeepalive, "MQTTkeepalive", 7000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fparseMQTT, "fparseMQTT", 9000, NULL, 4, NULL, 1 ); // assign all to core 1, WiFi in use.
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fmqttWatchDog, "fmqttWatchDog", 3000, NULL, 2, NULL, 1 );
  if ( configInitCamera() )
  {
    log_i("        start camera task" );
    xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( capturePhoto_sendFTP, "capturePhoto_sendFTP", 60000, NULL, 6, NULL, 1 );
  } else {
    log_i( "       camera failed to initilize, rebooting in 5." );
    vTaskDelay( 2000 );
    ESP.restart();
  }
} // void setup()
////
void capturePhoto_sendFTP( void *pvParameters )
{
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime    = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 1000 * 5; //delay for mS
  int count = 3;
  //!!!!!Must wait for MQTT connection and proper setup of the sema_MQTT_KeepAlive!!!!
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    vTaskDelay( 500 );
  }
  for (;;)
  {
    log_i( "tick");
    xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY );
    if ( count == 3 )
    {
      if ( (wifiClient.connected()) && (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
      {
        camera_fb_t * fb = NULL; // pointer
        if ( FlashMode )
        {
          digitalWrite( GPIO_NUM_4, HIGH );
          vTaskDelay( 20 );
        }
        fb = esp_camera_fb_get();
        digitalWrite( GPIO_NUM_4, LOW );
        if (!fb)
        {
          log_i( "Camera capture failed" );
          esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
        } else
        {
          ftp.OpenConnection(); // try open FTP
          if ( ftp.isConnected() )
          {
            //try send file ftp
            ftp.ChangeWorkDir( ftp_path );
            ftp.DeleteFile( ftp_file_name );
            ftp.InitFile( ftp_file_type ); //"Type I"
            ftp.NewFile( ftp_file_name );
            ftp.WriteData( (unsigned char *)fb->buf, fb->len );
            ftp.CloseFile();
            ftp.CloseConnection();
          }
          esp_camera_fb_return(fb); //return the frame buffer back to the driver for reuse
        }
      }
      count = 0;
    } else {
      camera_fb_t * fb = NULL; // pointer
      digitalWrite( GPIO_NUM_4, HIGH );
      vTaskDelay( 5 );
      fb = esp_camera_fb_get();
      vTaskDelay( 5 );
      digitalWrite( GPIO_NUM_4, LOW );
      esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
    }
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    count++;
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} //void capturePhoto_sendFTP( void *pvParameters )
////
void configureCameraSettings_grpE( int _lenC, int _Hmirror, int _Vflip, int _dcw, int _colorbar )
{
  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get();
  s->set_lenc(s, _lenC);         // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_hmirror(s, _Hmirror);   // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_vflip(s, _Vflip);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_dcw(s, _dcw);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  ////s->set_colorbar(s, _colorbar); // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
}
////
void configureCameraSettings_grpD( int _gc, int _agc, int _celing, int _bpc, int _wpc, int _gma )
{
  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get();
  s->set_gain_ctrl(s, _gc); // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_agc_gain(s, _agc); // 0 to 30
  s->set_gainceiling(s, (gainceiling_t)_celing);  // 0 to 6
  s->set_bpc(s, _bpc);      // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wpc(s, _wpc);      // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_raw_gma(s, _gma);  // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
}
////
void configureCameraSettings_grpC( int _exctl, int _aec2, int _ae, int _aec )
{
  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get();
  s->set_exposure_ctrl(s, _exctl); // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_aec2(s, _aec2);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_ae_level(s, _ae);         // -2 to 2
  ////s->set_aec_value(s, _aec);       // 0 to 1200 CAUSES BLACK IMAGE????
}
////
void configureCameraSettings_grpB( int se, int wb, int awb, int wbmode )
{
  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get();
  s->set_special_effect(s, se); // 0 to 6 (0 - No Effect, 1 - Negative, 2 - Grayscale, 3 - Red Tint, 4 - Green Tint, 5 - Blue Tint, 6 - Sepia)
  s->set_whitebal(s, wb);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_awb_gain(s, awb);      // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wb_mode(s, wbmode);    // 0 to 4 - if awb_gain enabled (0 - Auto, 1 - Sunny, 2 - Cloudy, 3 - Office, 4 - Home)
}
////
void configureCameraSettings_grpA(int brightness, int contrast, int saturation )
{
  if ( ((brightness > -3) && (brightness < 3)) && ((contrast > -3) && (contrast < 3)) && ((saturation > -3) && (saturation < 3)) )
  {
    sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get();
    s->set_brightness( s, brightness ); // -2 to 2
    s->set_contrast( s, contrast );    // -2 to 2
    s->set_saturation( s, saturation );  // -2 to 2
  }
} //void configureCameraSettings()
////
void configureCameraSettings()
{
  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get(); //see certs.h for more info
  s->set_brightness(s, -1);     // -2 to 2 **************************
  s->set_contrast(s, 0);       // -2 to 2
  s->set_saturation(s, 0);     // -2 to 2
  s->set_special_effect(s, 0); // 0 to 6 (0 - No Effect, 1 - Negative, 2 - Grayscale, 3 - Red Tint, 4 - Green Tint, 5 - Blue Tint, 6 - Sepia)
  s->set_whitebal(s, 1);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_awb_gain(s, 1);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wb_mode(s, 0);        // 0 to 4 - if awb_gain enabled (0 - Auto, 1 - Sunny, 2 - Cloudy, 3 - Office, 4 - Home)
  s->set_exposure_ctrl(s, 1);  // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_aec2(s, 0);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_ae_level(s, 0);       // -2 to 2
  s->set_aec_value(s, 300);    // 0 to 1200
  s->set_gain_ctrl(s, 1);      // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_agc_gain(s, 0);       // 0 to 30
  s->set_gainceiling(s, (gainceiling_t)0);  // 0 to 6
  s->set_bpc(s, 0);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wpc(s, 1);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_raw_gma(s, 1);        // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_lenc(s, 1);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_hmirror(s, 0);        // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_vflip(s, 0);          // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_dcw(s, 1);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_colorbar(s, 0);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
} //void configureCameraSettings()
////
bool configInitCamera()
{
  camera_config_t config = {}; // Stores the camera configuration parameters
  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer   = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0       = GPIO_NUM_5; //Y2
  config.pin_d1       = GPIO_NUM_18; //Y3
  config.pin_d2       = GPIO_NUM_19; //Y4
  config.pin_d3       = GPIO_NUM_21; //Y5
  config.pin_d4       = GPIO_NUM_36; //Y6
  config.pin_d5       = GPIO_NUM_39; //Y7
  config.pin_d6       = GPIO_NUM_34; //Y8
  config.pin_d7       = GPIO_NUM_35; // Y9
  config.pin_xclk     = GPIO_NUM_0; //XCLK
  config.pin_pclk     = GPIO_NUM_22; //PCLK
  config.pin_vsync    = GPIO_NUM_25; //VSSYNC
  config.pin_href     = GPIO_NUM_23; // HREF
  config.pin_sscb_sda = GPIO_NUM_26; //SIOD
  config.pin_sscb_scl = GPIO_NUM_27; //SIOC
  config.pin_pwdn     = GPIO_NUM_32; //PWDN
  config.pin_reset    = -1; //RESET
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG; //assuming default is has PSRAM
  config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_UXGA; // FRAMESIZE_ + QVGA|CIF|VGA|SVGA|XGA|SXGA|UXGA
  config.jpeg_quality = 10; //0-63 lower number means higher quality
  config.fb_count = 2;
  // Initialize the Camera
  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    log_i("Camera init failed with error %d", err );
    return false;
  } else {
    configureCameraSettings();
    return true;
  }
} //void configInitCamera()
////
void connectToWiFi()
{
  int TryCount = 0;
  while ( WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED )
  {
    TryCount++;
    WiFi.disconnect();
    WiFi.begin( SSID, PASSWORD );
    vTaskDelay( 2500 );
    if ( TryCount == 10 )
    {
      ESP.restart();
    }
  }
  WiFi.onEvent( WiFiEvent );
}
////
void MQTTkeepalive( void *pvParameters )
{
  sema_MQTT_KeepAlive   = xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive ); // found keep alive can mess with a publish, stop keep alive during publish
  MQTTclient.setKeepAlive( 90 ); // setting keep alive to 90 seconds makes for a very reliable connection, must be set before the 1st connection is made.
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 250; //delay for ms
  for (;;)
  {
    //check for a is-connected and if the WiFi 'thinks' its connected, found checking on both is more realible than just a single check
    if ( (wifiClient.connected()) && (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY ); // !!!!!whiles MQTTlient.loop() is running no other mqtt operations should be in process!!!!!
      MQTTclient.loop();
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    }
    else {
      if ( !(wifiClient.connected()) || !(WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
      {
        connectToWiFi();
      }
      connectToMQTT();
    }
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
  }
  vTaskDelete ( NULL );
}
////
void connectToMQTT()
{
  byte mac[5]; // create client ID from mac address
  WiFi.macAddress(mac); // get mac address
  String clientID = String(mac[0]) + String(mac[4]) ; // use mac address to create clientID
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    MQTTclient.connect( clientID.c_str(), mqtt_username, mqtt_password );
    vTaskDelay( 250 );
  }
  MQTTclient.setCallback( mqttCallback );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicOK );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicGrpA );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicGrpB );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicGrpC );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicGrpD );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicGrpE );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicFlash );
} //void connectToMQTT()
//////
void fmqttWatchDog( void * paramater )
{
  int UpdateImeTrigger = 86400; //seconds in a day
  int UpdateTimeInterval = 85000; // get another reading when = UpdateTimeTrigger
  int maxNonMQTTresponse = 3;
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 60000; //delay for mS
  for (;;)
  {
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
    xSemaphoreTake( sema_mqttOK, portMAX_DELAY ); // update mqttOK
    mqttOK++;
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
    if ( mqttOK >= maxNonMQTTresponse )
    {
      log_i( "mqtt watchdog rest" );
      vTaskDelay( 200 );
      ESP.restart();
    }
    UpdateTimeInterval++; // trigger new time get
    if ( UpdateTimeInterval >= UpdateImeTrigger )
    {
      TimeSet = false; // sets doneTime to false to get an updated time after a days count of seconds
      UpdateTimeInterval = 0;
    }
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} //void fmqttWatchDog( void * paramater )
////
void fparseMQTT( void *pvParameters )
{
  struct stu_message px_message;
  for (;;)
  {
    if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_Message, &px_message, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_mqttOK, portMAX_DELAY );
      mqttOK = 0;
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
      if ( !TimeSet)
      {
        if ( String(px_message.topic) == topicOK )
        {
          String temp = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[0];
          temp        += px_message.payload[1];
          temp        += px_message.payload[2];
          temp        += px_message.payload[3];
          int year    =  temp.toInt();
          temp        = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[5];
          temp        += px_message.payload[6];
          int month   =  temp.toInt();
          temp        = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[8];
          temp        += px_message.payload[9];
          int day     =  temp.toInt();
          temp        = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[11];
          temp        += px_message.payload[12];
          int hour    =  temp.toInt();
          temp        = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[14];
          temp        += px_message.payload[15];
          int min     =  temp.toInt();
          rtc.setTime( 0, min, hour, day, month, year );
          log_i( "%s   rtc  %s ", px_message.payload, rtc.getTime() );
          TimeSet     = true;
        }
      }
      if ( String(px_message.topic) == topicGrpA )
      {
        //finding first letter
        String sTmp = String( px_message.payload );
        int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
        if ( sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex) == "a" );
        {
          int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
          int brt =  (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int ctrast = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) ); // chop off begining of message
          int sat = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          configureCameraSettings_grpA( brt, ctrast, sat );
        }
      }
      if ( String(px_message.topic) == topicGrpB )
      {
        String sTmp = String( px_message.payload );
        int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
        if ( sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex) == "b" );
        {
          int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
          int se =  (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int wbb = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int wba = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int wbm = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          configureCameraSettings_grpB( se, wbb, wba, wbm );
        }
      }
      if ( String(px_message.topic) == topicGrpC )
      {
        String sTmp = String( px_message.payload );
        int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
        if ( sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex) == "c" );
        {
          int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
          int ex =  (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int aec2 = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int ae = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int aec = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          configureCameraSettings_grpC( ex, aec2, ae, aec );
        }
      }
      if ( String(px_message.topic) == topicGrpD )
      {
        String sTmp = String( px_message.payload );
        int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
        if ( sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex) == "d" );
        {
          int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
          int gc =  (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int agc = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int celing = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int bpc = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int wpc = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int gma = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          configureCameraSettings_grpD( gc, agc, celing, bpc, wpc, gma );
        }
      }
      if ( String(px_message.topic) == topicGrpE )
      {
        String sTmp = String( px_message.payload );
        int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
        if ( sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex) == "e" );
        {
          int commaIndex = sTmp.indexOf(',');
          int lenC =  (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int Hmirror = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int Vflip = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int dcw = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          sTmp.remove( 0, (commaIndex + 1) );
          int colorbar = (sTmp.substring(0, commaIndex)).toInt();
          configureCameraSettings_grpE( lenC, Hmirror, Vflip, dcw, colorbar );
        }
      }
      if ( String(px_message.topic) == topicFlash )
      {
        FlashMode = !FlashMode;
      }
    } //if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_Message, &px_message, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
  } //for(;;)
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} // void fparseMQTT( void *pvParameters )
////
void loop() {}

Is how I change configurations on the fly. You are not properly using the cam configuration structure.

Oh, refreshing to see properly posted code. +1

1 Like

Thank you so much for your code but what I'm trying to change is "config" part. Not the "set" part. Probably It crashes because of the cannot change config datas while running. So I think I should reset or clean the configurations or totally reset ESP32-CAM. Now I'm searching sleep-wakeup way. What do you think?

#include "esp_camera.h"
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD_MMC.h"
#include "soc/soc.h"
#include "soc/rtc_cntl_reg.h"
#include "driver/rtc_io.h"

#define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     32
#define RESET_GPIO_NUM    -1
#define XCLK_GPIO_NUM      0
#define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     26
#define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     27
#define Y9_GPIO_NUM       35
#define Y8_GPIO_NUM       34
#define Y7_GPIO_NUM       39
#define Y6_GPIO_NUM       36
#define Y5_GPIO_NUM       21
#define Y4_GPIO_NUM       19
#define Y3_GPIO_NUM       18
#define Y2_GPIO_NUM        5
#define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    25
#define HREF_GPIO_NUM     23
#define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     22

unsigned int pictureNumber = 5;

void setup() {
  WRITE_PERI_REG(RTC_CNTL_BROWN_OUT_REG, 0); //disable brownout detector

  Serial.begin(115200);

  initMicroSDCard();
}

void loop() {

  Serial.print("Initializing the camera module...");
  configInitCameraHigh();
  Serial.println("Ok!");
  
  delay(5000);
  
  String path = "/test" + String(pictureNumber) + ".jpg";
  Serial.printf("Picture file name: %s\n", path.c_str());
  takeSavePhoto(path);
  pictureNumber++;
  
  delay(5000);
  
  Serial.print("Initializing the camera module...");
  configInitCameraLow();
  Serial.println("Ok!");

  Serial.printf("Picture file name: %s\n", path.c_str());
  takeSavePhoto(path);
  pictureNumber++;
  
  delay(5000);
}

void configInitCameraHigh() {
  camera_config_t config;

  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0 = Y2_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d1 = Y3_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d2 = Y4_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d3 = Y5_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d4 = Y6_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d5 = Y7_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d6 = Y8_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d7 = Y9_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_xclk = XCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pclk = PCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_vsync = VSYNC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_href = HREF_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_sda = SIOD_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_scl = SIOC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pwdn = PWDN_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_reset = RESET_GPIO_NUM;
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG;
  config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_UXGA;
  config.jpeg_quality = 10;
  config.fb_count = 2;

  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.printf("Camera init failed with error 0x%x", err);
    return;
  }
}

void configInitCameraLow() {
  camera_config_t config;

  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0 = Y2_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d1 = Y3_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d2 = Y4_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d3 = Y5_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d4 = Y6_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d5 = Y7_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d6 = Y8_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d7 = Y9_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_xclk = XCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pclk = PCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_vsync = VSYNC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_href = HREF_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_sda = SIOD_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_scl = SIOC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pwdn = PWDN_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_reset = RESET_GPIO_NUM;
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG;
  config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_QVGA;
  config.jpeg_quality = 10;
  config.fb_count = 2;

  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.printf("Camera init failed with error 0x%x", err);
    return;
  }
}

void initMicroSDCard() {

  Serial.println("Starting SD Card");
  if (!SD_MMC.begin()) {
    Serial.println("SD Card Mount Failed");
    return;
  }
  uint8_t cardType = SD_MMC.cardType();
  if (cardType == CARD_NONE) {
    Serial.println("No SD Card attached");
    return;
  }
}

void takeSavePhoto(String path) {

  camera_fb_t  * fb = esp_camera_fb_get();

  if (!fb) {
    Serial.println("Camera capture failed");
    return;
  }

  fs::FS &fs = SD_MMC;
  File file = fs.open(path.c_str(), FILE_WRITE);
  if (!file) {
    Serial.println("Failed to open file in writing mode");
  }
  else {
    file.write(fb->buf, fb->len); // payload (image), payload length
    Serial.printf("Saved file to path: %s\n", path.c_str());
  }
  file.close();

  esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
  
}

You could use deep sleep to cause a system reset and you can use RTC ram to preserve settings across deep sleep reboots

I handled it with fully restarting ESP and using EEPROM. Maybe there's a easiest way. But this is another way.

Thanks

P.S : "digitalReadFunction" is the way that I'll receive digitalRead from Arduino.

#include <EEPROM.h>
#include "esp_camera.h"
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD_MMC.h"
#include "soc/soc.h"
#include "soc/rtc_cntl_reg.h"
#include "driver/rtc_io.h"

#define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     32
#define RESET_GPIO_NUM    -1
#define XCLK_GPIO_NUM      0
#define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     26
#define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     27
#define Y9_GPIO_NUM       35
#define Y8_GPIO_NUM       34
#define Y7_GPIO_NUM       39
#define Y6_GPIO_NUM       36
#define Y5_GPIO_NUM       21
#define Y4_GPIO_NUM       19
#define Y3_GPIO_NUM       18
#define Y2_GPIO_NUM        5
#define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    25
#define HREF_GPIO_NUM     23
#define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     22

#define EEPROM_SIZE 3

bool digitalReadFunction = false;

int pictureNumber = 34;
int counter = 0;

void setup() {

  WRITE_PERI_REG(RTC_CNTL_BROWN_OUT_REG, 0);

  Serial.begin(9600);

  initMicroSDCard();

  EEPROM.begin(EEPROM_SIZE);
}

void loop() {

  if (EEPROM.read(0) == 0) {

    configInitCameraHigh();
    takeSavePhoto();
    Serial.println("I got the good one");

    EEPROM.write(1,pictureNumber);
    EEPROM.commit();

    pictureNumber++;

    delay(10000);

    EEPROM.write(0, 1);
    EEPROM.commit();

    ESP.restart();
  }

  if (EEPROM.read(0) == 1) {

    delay(5000);

    pictureNumber = EEPROM.read(1);

    pictureNumber++;

    configInitCameraLow();
    takeSavePhoto();

    Serial.println("I got the bad one");

    pictureNumber++;

    delay(10000);
  }
}

void configInitCameraHigh() {

  camera_config_t config;

  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0 = Y2_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d1 = Y3_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d2 = Y4_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d3 = Y5_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d4 = Y6_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d5 = Y7_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d6 = Y8_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d7 = Y9_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_xclk = XCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pclk = PCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_vsync = VSYNC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_href = HREF_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_sda = SIOD_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_scl = SIOC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pwdn = PWDN_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_reset = RESET_GPIO_NUM;
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG;
  config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_UXGA;
  config.jpeg_quality = 10;
  config.fb_count = 2;

  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.printf("Camera init failed with error 0x%x", err);
    return;
  }

  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get();
  s->set_brightness(s, 0);     // -2 to 2
  s->set_contrast(s, 0);       // -2 to 2
  s->set_saturation(s, 0);     // -2 to 2
  s->set_special_effect(s, 0); // 0 to 6 (0 - No Effect, 1 - Negative, 2 - Grayscale, 3 - Red Tint, 4 - Green Tint, 5 - Blue Tint, 6 - Sepia)
  s->set_whitebal(s, 1);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_awb_gain(s, 1);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wb_mode(s, 0);        // 0 to 4 - if awb_gain enabled (0 - Auto, 1 - Sunny, 2 - Cloudy, 3 - Office, 4 - Home)
  s->set_exposure_ctrl(s, 1);  // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_aec2(s, 0);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_ae_level(s, 0);       // -2 to 2
  s->set_aec_value(s, 300);    // 0 to 1200
  s->set_gain_ctrl(s, 1);      // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_agc_gain(s, 0);       // 0 to 30
  s->set_gainceiling(s, (gainceiling_t)0);  // 0 to 6
  s->set_bpc(s, 0);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wpc(s, 1);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_raw_gma(s, 1);        // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_lenc(s, 1);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_hmirror(s, 0);        // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_vflip(s, 0);          // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_dcw(s, 1);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_colorbar(s, 0);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
}

void configInitCameraLow() {

  camera_config_t config;

  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0 = Y2_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d1 = Y3_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d2 = Y4_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d3 = Y5_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d4 = Y6_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d5 = Y7_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d6 = Y8_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d7 = Y9_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_xclk = XCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pclk = PCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_vsync = VSYNC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_href = HREF_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_sda = SIOD_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_scl = SIOC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pwdn = PWDN_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_reset = RESET_GPIO_NUM;
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG;
  config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_QVGA;
  config.jpeg_quality = 10;
  config.fb_count = 2;

  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.printf("Camera init failed with error 0x%x", err);
    return;
  }

  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get();
  s->set_brightness(s, 0);     // -2 to 2
  s->set_contrast(s, 0);       // -2 to 2
  s->set_saturation(s, 0);     // -2 to 2
  s->set_special_effect(s, 0); // 0 to 6 (0 - No Effect, 1 - Negative, 2 - Grayscale, 3 - Red Tint, 4 - Green Tint, 5 - Blue Tint, 6 - Sepia)
  s->set_whitebal(s, 1);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_awb_gain(s, 1);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wb_mode(s, 0);        // 0 to 4 - if awb_gain enabled (0 - Auto, 1 - Sunny, 2 - Cloudy, 3 - Office, 4 - Home)
  s->set_exposure_ctrl(s, 1);  // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_aec2(s, 0);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_ae_level(s, 0);       // -2 to 2
  s->set_aec_value(s, 300);    // 0 to 1200
  s->set_gain_ctrl(s, 1);      // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_agc_gain(s, 0);       // 0 to 30
  s->set_gainceiling(s, (gainceiling_t)0);  // 0 to 6
  s->set_bpc(s, 0);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wpc(s, 1);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_raw_gma(s, 1);        // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_lenc(s, 1);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_hmirror(s, 0);        // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_vflip(s, 0);          // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_dcw(s, 1);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_colorbar(s, 0);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
}

void initMicroSDCard() {

  Serial.println("Starting SD Card");
  if (!SD_MMC.begin()) {
    Serial.println("SD Card Mount Failed");
    return;
  }
  uint8_t cardType = SD_MMC.cardType();
  if (cardType == CARD_NONE) {
    Serial.println("No SD Card attached");
    return;
  }
}

void takeSavePhoto() {

  camera_fb_t * fb = esp_camera_fb_get();

  if (!fb) {
    Serial.println("Camera capture failed");
    return;
  }

  String path = "/picture" + String(pictureNumber) + ".jpg";

  fs::FS &fs = SD_MMC;
  File file = fs.open(path.c_str(), FILE_WRITE);
  if (!file) {
    Serial.println("Failed to open file in writing mode");
  }
  else {
    file.write(fb->buf, fb->len);
    Serial.printf("Saved file to path: %s\n", path.c_str());
  }
  file.close();

  esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
}