HMC5883L doesn't work

Hello,
I recently purchased a gy-273 sensor (hmc5883L) and made these connections:
VCC -> 5V/3.3V
GND -> GND
SCL -> A5
SDA -> A4
I then used this code :

/*
 * 
 * Compass.ino - Example sketch for reading a heading from an HMC5883L triple axis magnetometer.
 * 
 * GY-273 Compass Module  ->  Arduino
 * VCC  -> VCC  (See Note Below)
 * GND  -> GND
 * SCL  -> A5/SCL, (Use Pin 21 on the Arduino Mega)
 * SDA  -> A4/SDA, (Use Pin 20 on the Arduino Mega)
 * DRDY -> Not Connected (in this example)
 * 
 * Voltage Note
 * ~~~~~~~~~~~~  
 * The GY-273 Board has a 3v3 Regulator on it, and the SDA/SCL are pulled up to that so it is OK to 
 * use with 5v Arduino's.
 * 
 * If you are using any other breakout, or the raw IC, you need to be using 3v3 to supply and signal!
 * 
 * Datasheet: http://goo.gl/w1criV
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 2014 James Sleeman
 * 
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a 
 * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), 
 * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation 
 * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, 
 * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the 
 * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 * 
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in 
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 * 
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE 
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER 
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, 
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN 
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 * 
 * @author James Sleeman, http://sparks.gogo.co.nz/
 * @license MIT License
 * 
 */

#include <Arduino.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <HMC5883L_Simple.h>

// Create a compass
HMC5883L_Simple Compass;

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Wire.begin();
    
  // Magnetic Declination is the correction applied according to your present location
  // in order to get True North from Magnetic North, it varies from place to place.
  // 
  // The declination for your area can be obtained from http://www.magnetic-declination.com/
  // Take the "Magnetic Declination" line that it gives you in the information, 
  //
  // Examples:
  //   Christchurch, 23° 35' EAST
  //   Wellington  , 22° 14' EAST
  //   Dunedin     , 25° 8'  EAST
  //   Auckland    , 19° 30' EAST
  //    
  Compass.SetDeclination(1, 52, 'E');  
  
  // The device can operate in SINGLE (default) or CONTINUOUS mode
  //   SINGLE simply means that it takes a reading when you request one
  //   CONTINUOUS means that it is always taking readings
  // for most purposes, SINGLE is what you want.
  Compass.SetSamplingMode(COMPASS_CONTINUOUS);
  
  // The scale can be adjusted to one of several levels, you can probably leave it at the default.
  // Essentially this controls how sensitive the device is.
  //   Options are 088, 130 (default), 190, 250, 400, 470, 560, 810
  // Specify the option as COMPASS_SCALE_xxx
  // Lower values are more sensitive, higher values are less sensitive.
  // The default is probably just fine, it works for me.  If it seems very noisy
  // (jumping around), incrase the scale to a higher one.
  Compass.SetScale(COMPASS_SCALE_130);
  
  // The compass has 3 axes, but two of them must be close to parallel to the earth's surface to read it, 
  // (we do not compensate for tilt, that's a complicated thing) - just like a real compass has a floating 
  // needle you can imagine the digital compass does too.
  //
  // To allow you to mount the compass in different ways you can specify the orientation:
  //   COMPASS_HORIZONTAL_X_NORTH (default), the compass is oriented horizontally, top-side up. when pointing North the X silkscreen arrow will point North
  //   COMPASS_HORIZONTAL_Y_NORTH, top-side up, Y is the needle,when pointing North the Y silkscreen arrow will point North
  //   COMPASS_VERTICAL_X_EAST,    vertically mounted (tall) looking at the top side, when facing North the X silkscreen arrow will point East
  //   COMPASS_VERTICAL_Y_WEST,    vertically mounted (wide) looking at the top side, when facing North the Y silkscreen arrow will point West  
  Compass.SetOrientation(COMPASS_HORIZONTAL_X_NORTH);
  
}

// Our main program loop.
void loop()
{
   float heading = Compass.GetHeadingDegrees();
   
   Serial.print("Heading: \t");
   Serial.println( heading );   
   delay(1000);
}

The problem is that it displays me all the time "Heading: 1". I tried several codes (about ten), I rechecked the connections but nothing works, the sensor does not work. Do you have any ideas?

PS : The librairies : GitHub - sleemanj/HMC5883L_Simple: Simple to use Arduino library to interface to HMC5883L Magnetometer (Digital Compass)

The HMC5883L has not been manufactured for some years, and you may have bought a mislabeled board that has the inferior QMC5883 replacement.

A different library is required for that sensor. GitHub - keepworking/Mecha_QMC5883L: Arduino lib for QMC5883

I've tried this new librarie with the code example and the sensor still not working: the serial print :
x:0 y:0 z:-18170 constantly.

When you run the I2C address scanner, what address do you get?

It's say :
"I2C Scanner
Scanning...
I2C device found at address 0x1E !
done"

That is the correct address for the HMC5883L.

Unfortunately, any board you buy cheaply from China is very likely to have counterfeit, reject or even completely nonfunctional ICs.

I suggest buying more modern sensors from companies that sell genuine products, like Sparkfun, Pololu and Adafruit. They provide product support, and most honor returns of failed products.

OK, thanks for your help.

I have one last question: which programmer did you use for an arduino uno? (arduinoIsp, avrisp mkII, ...) ?

I've never used an Arduino Uno, mostly Pro Mini boards and Attiny chips. I highly recommend this dual function programmer, which works as ISP programmer, serial "FTDI" programmer or serial port.

I use a USBasp version 2 with a 10-pin to 6-pin adapter when I want to burn the bootloader.

The HMC5883L has three registers with a fixed value. Could you read registers 10, 11 and 12 ?