# How to make a waveform generator with frequency of 20hz-20Mhz

Hi sir this is my first time posting here, give me some advise on how to make my project (a waveform generator) that generates 20hz-20Mhz. i saw one tutorial which is a Arduino-due Simple waveform generator with maximum frequency of 170hz.

``````FunctionGenerator.ino
/*
Simple Waveform generator with Arduino Due

* connect two push buttons to the digital pins 2 and 3
with a 10 kilohm pulldown resistor to choose the waveform
to send to the DAC0 and DAC1 channels
* connect a 10 kilohm potentiometer to A0 to control the
signal frequency

*/

#include "Waveforms.h"

#define oneHzSample 1000000/maxSamplesNum  // sample for the 1Hz signal expressed in microseconds

const int button0 = 2, button1 = 3;
volatile int wave0 = 0, wave1 = 0;

int i = 0;
int sample;

void setup() {
analogWriteResolution(12);  // set the analog output resolution to 12 bit (4096 levels)

attachInterrupt(button0, wave0Select, RISING);  // Interrupt attached to the button connected to pin 2
attachInterrupt(button1, wave1Select, RISING);  // Interrupt attached to the button connected to pin 3
}

void loop() {
// Read the the potentiometer and map the value  between the maximum and the minimum sample available
// 1 Hz is the minimum freq for the complete wave
// 170 Hz is the maximum freq for the complete wave. Measured considering the loop and the analogRead() time
sample = map(analogRead(A0), 0, 4095, 0, oneHzSample);
sample = constrain(t_sample, 0, oneHzSample);

analogWrite(DAC0, waveformsTable[wave0][i]);  // write the selected waveform on DAC0
analogWrite(DAC1, waveformsTable[wave1][i]);  // write the selected waveform on DAC1

i++;
if(i == maxSamplesNum)  // Reset the counter to repeat the wave
i = 0;

delayMicroseconds(sample);  // Hold the sample value for the sample time
}

// function hooked to the interrupt on digital pin 2
void wave0Select() {
wave0++;
if(wave0 == 4)
wave0 = 0;
}

// function hooked to the interrupt on digital pin 3
void wave1Select() {
wave1++;
if(wave1 == 4)
wave1 = 0;
}
[Get Code]
Waveforms.h

#ifndef _Waveforms_h_
#define _Waveforms_h_

#define maxWaveform 4
#define maxSamplesNum 120

static int waveformsTable[maxWaveform][maxSamplesNum] = {
// Sin wave
{
0x7ff, 0x86a, 0x8d5, 0x93f, 0x9a9, 0xa11, 0xa78, 0xadd, 0xb40, 0xba1,
0xbff, 0xc5a, 0xcb2, 0xd08, 0xd59, 0xda7, 0xdf1, 0xe36, 0xe77, 0xeb4,
0xeec, 0xf1f, 0xf4d, 0xf77, 0xf9a, 0xfb9, 0xfd2, 0xfe5, 0xff3, 0xffc,
0xfff, 0xffc, 0xff3, 0xfe5, 0xfd2, 0xfb9, 0xf9a, 0xf77, 0xf4d, 0xf1f,
0xeec, 0xeb4, 0xe77, 0xe36, 0xdf1, 0xda7, 0xd59, 0xd08, 0xcb2, 0xc5a,
0xbff, 0xba1, 0xb40, 0xadd, 0xa78, 0xa11, 0x9a9, 0x93f, 0x8d5, 0x86a,
0x7ff, 0x794, 0x729, 0x6bf, 0x655, 0x5ed, 0x586, 0x521, 0x4be, 0x45d,
0x3ff, 0x3a4, 0x34c, 0x2f6, 0x2a5, 0x257, 0x20d, 0x1c8, 0x187, 0x14a,
0x112, 0xdf, 0xb1, 0x87, 0x64, 0x45, 0x2c, 0x19, 0xb, 0x2,
0x0, 0x2, 0xb, 0x19, 0x2c, 0x45, 0x64, 0x87, 0xb1, 0xdf,
0x112, 0x14a, 0x187, 0x1c8, 0x20d, 0x257, 0x2a5, 0x2f6, 0x34c, 0x3a4,
0x3ff, 0x45d, 0x4be, 0x521, 0x586, 0x5ed, 0x655, 0x6bf, 0x729, 0x794
}
,

// Triangular wave
{
0x44, 0x88, 0xcc, 0x110, 0x154, 0x198, 0x1dc, 0x220, 0x264, 0x2a8,
0x2ec, 0x330, 0x374, 0x3b8, 0x3fc, 0x440, 0x484, 0x4c8, 0x50c, 0x550,
0x594, 0x5d8, 0x61c, 0x660, 0x6a4, 0x6e8, 0x72c, 0x770, 0x7b4, 0x7f8,
0x83c, 0x880, 0x8c4, 0x908, 0x94c, 0x990, 0x9d4, 0xa18, 0xa5c, 0xaa0,
0xae4, 0xb28, 0xb6c, 0xbb0, 0xbf4, 0xc38, 0xc7c, 0xcc0, 0xd04, 0xd48,
0xd8c, 0xdd0, 0xe14, 0xe58, 0xe9c, 0xee0, 0xf24, 0xf68, 0xfac, 0xff0,
0xfac, 0xf68, 0xf24, 0xee0, 0xe9c, 0xe58, 0xe14, 0xdd0, 0xd8c, 0xd48,
0xd04, 0xcc0, 0xc7c, 0xc38, 0xbf4, 0xbb0, 0xb6c, 0xb28, 0xae4, 0xaa0,
0xa5c, 0xa18, 0x9d4, 0x990, 0x94c, 0x908, 0x8c4, 0x880, 0x83c, 0x7f8,
0x7b4, 0x770, 0x72c, 0x6e8, 0x6a4, 0x660, 0x61c, 0x5d8, 0x594, 0x550,
0x50c, 0x4c8, 0x484, 0x440, 0x3fc, 0x3b8, 0x374, 0x330, 0x2ec, 0x2a8,
0x264, 0x220, 0x1dc, 0x198, 0x154, 0x110, 0xcc, 0x88, 0x44, 0x0
}
,

// Sawtooth wave
{
0x22, 0x44, 0x66, 0x88, 0xaa, 0xcc, 0xee, 0x110, 0x132, 0x154,
0x176, 0x198, 0x1ba, 0x1dc, 0x1fe, 0x220, 0x242, 0x264, 0x286, 0x2a8,
0x2ca, 0x2ec, 0x30e, 0x330, 0x352, 0x374, 0x396, 0x3b8, 0x3da, 0x3fc,
0x41e, 0x440, 0x462, 0x484, 0x4a6, 0x4c8, 0x4ea, 0x50c, 0x52e, 0x550,
0x572, 0x594, 0x5b6, 0x5d8, 0x5fa, 0x61c, 0x63e, 0x660, 0x682, 0x6a4,
0x6c6, 0x6e8, 0x70a, 0x72c, 0x74e, 0x770, 0x792, 0x7b4, 0x7d6, 0x7f8,
0x81a, 0x83c, 0x85e, 0x880, 0x8a2, 0x8c4, 0x8e6, 0x908, 0x92a, 0x94c,
0x96e, 0x990, 0x9b2, 0x9d4, 0x9f6, 0xa18, 0xa3a, 0xa5c, 0xa7e, 0xaa0,
0xac2, 0xae4, 0xb06, 0xb28, 0xb4a, 0xb6c, 0xb8e, 0xbb0, 0xbd2, 0xbf4,
0xc16, 0xc38, 0xc5a, 0xc7c, 0xc9e, 0xcc0, 0xce2, 0xd04, 0xd26, 0xd48,
0xd6a, 0xd8c, 0xdae, 0xdd0, 0xdf2, 0xe14, 0xe36, 0xe58, 0xe7a, 0xe9c,
0xebe, 0xee0, 0xf02, 0xf24, 0xf46, 0xf68, 0xf8a, 0xfac, 0xfce, 0xff0
}
,

// Square wave
{
0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff,
0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff,
0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff,
0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff,
0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff,
0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff, 0xfff,
0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0,
0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0,
0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0,
0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0,
0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0,
0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0
}

};

#endif
``````

does the tutorial posted fit on my project? i don't know the overall codes that it is listed there. how will i make a sine wave square wave triangular wave? also the Waveforms.h tables how does those codes are make? does it have calculation? please response as soon as possible. :) thank you sir. good day. Godbless!

Ain't gonna happen with an Arduino..... Go to eBay, but a couple of MAX038 chips and a bunch of REALLY wideband Op-Amps.

I think you'll have better results with a simple NE555 timer http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/ne555.pdf Read the data sheet, use a switch to select a resistor value to have a couple of ranges to select from.

0-40Mhz, Sine wave generator for \$25 using the AD9850 which is a Direct Digital Synthesis sine wave generator able to control by Arduino Uno.

We are all obsolete, but we are still here and, mostly, still work.

Thanks Bill.

Crossroads, A 555? really? MHz output?

John Bigbooty, where is my overthruster?

Not compared to a MAX038........ Ha, ha, ha,,,,, (almost the same,last time I was able to find a supplier of MAX038's).

Yeah, 555 data sheet shows 100nS rise/fall time typical output. 200nS period, okay, maybe just 5 MHz then.

BillHo: 0-40Mhz, Sine wave generator for \$25 using the AD9850 which is a Direct Digital Synthesis sine wave generator able to control by Arduino Uno.

Thanks BillHo. I'm sure I can use this for some projects or teaching apparatus. Can't believe how easy and cheap.

123Splat: Ain't gonna happen with an Arduino..... Go to eBay, but a couple of MAX038 chips and a bunch of REALLY wideband Op-Amps.

thank you for the response. ive heard about MAX038 but dont have a deep info on it. anyways your comment really helps. hope i can pass my project on time. :) hehe

CrossRoads, thank you for the idea sir. :)

I have also ran the Arduino-due Simple waveform generator with maximum frequency of 170hz however I have a strange thing the waveforms work fine as long as i’m connected through the USB…

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However if I connect my Due through a DC power adaptor (7.5V) I don’t seem to be able to get anything out of the DAC on any function???Every function looks like below:

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Anybody???Is there something I’m missing???help…

Are you sure it is a DC adapter?

Put your scope on the Vdd line and check for clean power.