how to read analog value continuous with Serial.read()

from this sketch i can read analog value each case for once value i think Serial.read read the oldest byte but i want to read from present byte like without its how can i setting this ?

const int ledPin = 13;
void setup() {
 
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(9, OUTPUT);
}


void loop() {
   if (Serial.available() > 0) {
  int sensorValue1 = analogRead(A0);
  int sensorValue2 = analogRead(A1);
  int sensorValue3 = analogRead(A2);
  int light_sensitivity = 500;
  int incomingByte;
  
    // read the oldest byte in the serial buffer:
    incomingByte = Serial.read();
  
  switch (incomingByte) {
    
    case 'a':
       Serial.println(sensorValue1);
       break;
    case 'b':
       Serial.println(sensorValue2);
       break;
    case 'c':
       Serial.println(sensorValue3);
       break;
    case 'H':
       digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);
       break;
    case 'L':
       digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);
       break;
  }
    if (sensorValue3 < light_sensitivity) 
      {
        digitalWrite(9, HIGH);
      }
     else
      {
        digitalWrite(9, LOW);
        
      }
      delay(300);
    }
}

From a quick look at your program it seems to be arranged to read properly so I don't understand your question.

What do you mean by the "oldest" and "present" byte?

With your program there will only be a tiny delay between the reading and interpreting and I don't see how that can be avoided.

Perhaps you could explain what you would like to happen.

from this program , e.g. when i type 'a' and send in serial monitor this monitoring one value (not continuous) and i try to use for , while but its monitoring one value repeat not change when i change the value (from Potentiometer)

i want its to read value continuous not one value .

mickeleckorn: from this sketch i can read analog value each case for once value i think Serial.read read the oldest byte but i want to read from present byte like without its how can i setting this ?

How to use this forum

I suspect English is not your first language and I am doing my best to understand your question - but I can't.

As it is written the program will send back the value from a single read whenever you press the appropriate letter. And this will be the "present" value of that sensor. If you want it to send back several values you will have to change the program so that there is a loop of reads associated with each key press. If you want it to send back a continuous stream of values you will have to have a program on your PC to use the data. If you explain how you intend to use the data it may help to understand what you are trying to do.

However I'm not even sure that that's what you want because you seem to be saying that even with a single read it is not showing different values when you move the potentiometer. If that is the problem there may be several reasons including possible wiring errors. You will need to give us a diagram of your circuit.

...R

mickeleckorn: from this program , e.g. when i type 'a' and send in serial monitor this monitoring one value (not continuous) and i try to use for , while but its monitoring one value repeat not change when i change the value (from Potentiometer)

i want its to read value continuous not one value .

Thanks Robin. Sorry for bad english

when i don't read from serial.read this program work well (use analogRead)

i think this problem is in serial.read can receive only one data , when i rotate the potentiometer and send 'a' again value is changed but i want to send 'a' once and program monitoring continuous likes to use analogRead.

As it is currently written your program will only read the analogue inputs whilst there is something in the serial buffer. Is that how you want it to work ?

i want serial monitor to monitoring continuous like a loop , not single value.

 case 'a':
     while(Serial.available() != 0);{
       Serial.println(sensorValue1);
  }
       break;

Thanks , Grumpy_Mike

but this not work ,program still monitoring single value.

mickeleckorn: i want serial monitor to monitoring continuous like a loop , not single value.

Can you please describe what the program should do ? That might help understand exactly what you mean.

Read this before posting a programming question

Please edit your post, select the code, and put it between [code][/code] tags.

You can do that by hitting the # button above the posting area.

http://www.gammon.com.au/serial

sorry again for my bad english skill

i want my program to receive analog value from analog pin A0 A1 A2 selected by type and send letters in serial monitor.

now i use switch case for my program , but this serial monitor display single value, i want this to monitoring value continuous like in a loop.

Why do you keep your requirements secret? Reply #8 showed you how why are you ignoring it?

sorry again for my bad english skill

They are probably not good enough for you to understand any answer.

The problem with your program, is that it is only going to read the analog inputs, when there is a character from you arriving at the Arduino's serial input.

So unless you send characters to the arduino very often, you won't get a reading very often.

i'm not ignoring it but this not work ,program still monitoring single value same the old.

I'm not sure what you're trying to do, but is it: read a character from serial and then keep sending the analog reading it selected?

If so, you need to shorten the first if statement so that all it does is check for serial.available and read a character if one is there.

All the rest of your code needs to run every time loop runs. As you have it, all your code is controlled by serial.avaialble. If there's no serial input, nothing else happens.

Thanks, but after i remove the first if statement serial monitor displayed single analogvalue same the old.

const int ledPin = 13;
void setup() {
 
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(9, OUTPUT);
}


void loop() {
   
  int sensorValue1 = analogRead(A0);
  int sensorValue2 = analogRead(A1);
  int sensorValue3 = analogRead(A2);
  int light_sensitivity = 500;
  int incomingByte;
  
    // read the oldest byte in the serial buffer:
    incomingByte = Serial.read();
  
  switch (incomingByte) {
    
    case 'a':
       Serial.println(sensorValue1);
       break;
    case 'b':
       Serial.println(sensorValue2);
       break;
    case 'c':
       Serial.println(sensorValue3);
       break;
    case 'H':
       digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);
       break;
    case 'L':
       digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);
       break;
  }
    if (sensorValue3 < light_sensitivity) 
      {
        digitalWrite(9, HIGH);
      }
     else
      {
        digitalWrite(9, LOW);
        
      }
      delay(300);
    }
    // read the oldest byte in the serial buffer:
if(Serial.available())
{
    incomingByte = Serial.read();
}

thanks again , but this monitoring single value same the old.

const int ledPin = 13;
void setup() {
 
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(9, OUTPUT);
}


void loop() {
   
  int sensorValue1 = analogRead(A0);
  int sensorValue2 = analogRead(A1);
  int sensorValue3 = analogRead(A2);
  int light_sensitivity = 500;
  int incomingByte;
  
    // read the oldest byte in the serial buffer:
    if(Serial.available()){
    incomingByte = Serial.read();
    }
  switch (incomingByte) {
    
    case 'a':
       Serial.println(sensorValue1);
       break;
    case 'b':
       Serial.println(sensorValue2);
       break;
    case 'c':
       Serial.println(sensorValue3);
       break;
    case 'H':
       digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);
       break;
    case 'L':
       digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);
       break;
  }
    if (sensorValue3 < light_sensitivity) 
      {
        digitalWrite(9, HIGH);
      }
     else
      {
        digitalWrite(9, LOW);
        
      }
      delay(300);
    }