how to read mobile phone with arduino uno + pn532 NFC / RFID

Hi, after researching about NFC technology .. my idea is to use the mobile phone as a card.

The doubt is basically the following:

I have a simple project of "assistance control" based on NFC technology, with Intel Galileo Gen 1 + pn532 NFC / RFID (I2C) board.

I know that the NFC is based on RFID, so I would like to know if with a cell that uses NFC a priori it could be programmed to be read by intel galileo + pn532.

Thank you.