How to recognize and differentiate between single, double, and triple clicks?

I’m trying to make a sketch for Arduino that differentiates between single, double, triple, maybe quadruple clicks, and hold clicks with a push button.

I’ve tried making my own program that uses a variable that increments with each click but haven’t had much success. I then found this Arduino sketch that mostly does what I need, but lacks triple and quadruple clicks.

I just know I need to copy the same logic the double click uses but haven’t figured it out.

/* 4-Way Button: Click, Double-Click, Press+Hold, and Press+Long-Hold Test Sketch

By Jeff Saltzman
Oct. 13, 2009

To keep a physical interface as simple as possible, this sketch demonstrates generating four output events from a single push-button.

  1. Click: rapid press and release
  2. Double-Click: two clicks in quick succession
  3. Press and Hold: holding the button down
  4. Long Press and Hold: holding the button for a long time
    */

#define buttonPin 19 // analog input pin to use as a digital input
#define ledPin1 17 // digital output pin for LED 1
#define ledPin2 16 // digital output pin for LED 2
#define ledPin3 15 // digital output pin for LED 3
#define ledPin4 14 // digital output pin for LED 4

// LED variables
boolean ledVal1 = false; // state of LED 1
boolean ledVal2 = false; // state of LED 2
boolean ledVal3 = false; // state of LED 3
boolean ledVal4 = false; // state of LED 4

//=================================================

void setup() {
// Set button input pin
pinMode(buttonPin, INPUT);
digitalWrite(buttonPin, HIGH );
// Set LED output pins
pinMode(ledPin1, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(ledPin1, ledVal1);
pinMode(ledPin2, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(ledPin2, ledVal2);
pinMode(ledPin3, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(ledPin3, ledVal3);
pinMode(ledPin4, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(ledPin4, ledVal4);
}

void loop() {
// Get button event and act accordingly
int b = checkButton();
if (b == 1) clickEvent();
if (b == 2) doubleClickEvent();
if (b == 3) holdEvent();
if (b == 4) longHoldEvent();
}

//=================================================
// Events to trigger

void clickEvent() {
ledVal1 = !ledVal1;
digitalWrite(ledPin1, ledVal1);
}
void doubleClickEvent() {
ledVal2 = !ledVal2;
digitalWrite(ledPin2, ledVal2);
}
void holdEvent() {
ledVal3 = !ledVal3;
digitalWrite(ledPin3, ledVal3);
}
void longHoldEvent() {
ledVal4 = !ledVal4;
digitalWrite(ledPin4, ledVal4);
}

//=================================================
// MULTI-CLICK: One Button, Multiple Events

// Button timing variables
int debounce = 20; // ms debounce period to prevent flickering when pressing or releasing the button
int DCgap = 250; // max ms between clicks for a double click event
int holdTime = 1000; // ms hold period: how long to wait for press+hold event
int longHoldTime = 3000; // ms long hold period: how long to wait for press+hold event

// Button variables
boolean buttonVal = HIGH; // value read from button
boolean buttonLast = HIGH; // buffered value of the button’s previous state
boolean DCwaiting = false; // whether we’re waiting for a double click (down)
boolean DConUp = false; // whether to register a double click on next release, or whether to wait and click
boolean singleOK = true; // whether it’s OK to do a single click
long downTime = -1; // time the button was pressed down
long upTime = -1; // time the button was released
boolean ignoreUp = false; // whether to ignore the button release because the click+hold was triggered
boolean waitForUp = false; // when held, whether to wait for the up event
boolean holdEventPast = false; // whether or not the hold event happened already
boolean longHoldEventPast = false;// whether or not the long hold event happened already

int checkButton() {
int event = 0;
buttonVal = digitalRead(buttonPin);
// Button pressed down
if (buttonVal == LOW && buttonLast == HIGH && (millis() - upTime) > debounce)
{
downTime = millis();
ignoreUp = false;
waitForUp = false;
singleOK = true;
holdEventPast = false;
longHoldEventPast = false;
if ((millis()-upTime) < DCgap && DConUp == false && DCwaiting == true) DConUp = true;
else DConUp = false;
DCwaiting = false;
}
// Button released
else if (buttonVal == HIGH && buttonLast == LOW && (millis() - downTime) > debounce)
{
if (not ignoreUp)
{
upTime = millis();
if (DConUp == false) DCwaiting = true;
else
{
event = 2;
DConUp = false;
DCwaiting = false;
singleOK = false;
}
}
}
// Test for normal click event: DCgap expired
if ( buttonVal == HIGH && (millis()-upTime) >= DCgap && DCwaiting == true && DConUp == false && singleOK == true && event != 2)
{
event = 1;
DCwaiting = false;
}
// Test for hold
if (buttonVal == LOW && (millis() - downTime) >= holdTime) {
// Trigger “normal” hold
if (not holdEventPast)
{
event = 3;
waitForUp = true;
ignoreUp = true;
DConUp = false;
DCwaiting = false;
//downTime = millis();
holdEventPast = true;
}
// Trigger “long” hold
if ((millis() - downTime) >= longHoldTime)
{
if (not longHoldEventPast)
{
event = 4;
longHoldEventPast = true;
}
}
}
buttonLast = buttonVal;
return event;
}

If you want background, this is for a device for someone to navigate Windows who can only use one button and a joystick, and this is what my current idea requires, but I’m not a programmer so having a bit of a rough time, sorry.

Welcome to the forums. Close, but quote tags are different than code tags. If you want more than a double click, you are going to have to track the elapsed time for 1 additional click, vs 2 more clicks, vs. 3 more clicks.

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