How to use C Libraries for Arduino code

I have a code in Visual studio that I want to implement in Arduino. But there is a problem. Many libraries usable in Visual Studio aren’t usable in Arduino IDE. How can I use them in my Arduino code. To be precise, the libraries I want to use are #include , #include , #include , #include , #include <math.h>, #include respectively. Okay so I know I have available in Arduino. <math.h> is also available I think along with library. The main problem is to how to use #include and its functions such as priority_queue() and other funtions of iosteam like .pop() ? Any help would be highly appreciated.