I am using an arduino uno, lcd display(First picture), and a JBtek HC-06 Bluetooth to UART Converter COM Serial Communication(third picture). I would like to hook the arduino to the GND, VCC, SDA, and SCL pins located on the back of the display(second picture). How would I go about programming this so that I can use a smart phone app to type text that will be displayed through bluetooth on to the lcd. Any code samples?

SCL and SDA are associated with i2c

connect them to
A4 (SDA) Data Pin
A5 (SCL) Clock Pin
here is the i2c library to help you get started:

also i use this i2c Scanner to test if the Arduino is communicating
I2C Scanner

// --------------------------------------
// i2c_scanner
// Version 1
//    This program (or code that looks like it)
//    can be found in many places.
//    For example on the forum.
//    The original author is not know.
// Version 2, Juni 2012, Using Arduino 1.0.1
//     Adapted to be as simple as possible by user Krodal
// Version 3, Feb 26  2013
//    V3 by louarnold
// Version 4, March 3, 2013, Using Arduino 1.0.3
//    by user Krodal.
//    Changes by louarnold removed.
//    Scanning addresses changed from 0...127 to 1...119,
//    according to the i2c scanner by Nick Gammon
// Version 5, March 28, 2013
//    As version 4, but address scans now to 127.
//    A sensor seems to use address 120.
// This sketch tests the standard 7-bit addresses
// Devices with higher bit address might not be seen properly.
bool blinkState = false;
#include <Wire.h>

void setup()

  Serial.println("\nI2C Scanner");
  pinMode(3, OUTPUT);

void loop()
  byte error, address;
  int nDevices;


  nDevices = 0;
  for(address = 1; address < 127; address++ ) 
    // The i2c_scanner uses the return value of
    // the Write.endTransmisstion to see if
    // a device did acknowledge to the address.
    error = Wire.endTransmission();

    if (error == 0)
      Serial.print("I2C device found at address 0x");
      if (address<16) 
      Serial.println("  !");
        blinkState = !blinkState;
        digitalWrite(3, blinkState);
    else if (error==4) 
      Serial.print("Unknow error at address 0x");
      if (address<16) 
  if (nDevices == 0)
    Serial.println("No I2C devices found\n");

  delay(5000);           // wait 5 seconds for next scan