Max31855 with tft

Dear support,

I am new to this forum and would like to ask if I can get some advice on the max31855K with a tft screen. I would like to print 4 thermocouple values on the screen, can someone check this with a thermocouple and a TFT screen if this is possible. Because my screen freezes over if I do this. I would like to make sure if this works.

Best regards

Bastiaan

welcome to the forum.

as a new member, please read HOW TO USE THIS FORM it is a sticky post at the to of every forum.

#7 talks about how to post code using code tags.

then post your entire code.

with a link to the TFT and the particular Max31855K you have

I use a 2.2 inch TFT and display 8 values. both measured and calculated.

Ok:)

#include <SPI.h>
#include "Adafruit_MAX31855.h"
#include "HX8357_t3n.h"
#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <elapsedMillis.h>
#include <ButtonEvents.h>
#include <ADC.h>
#include <Encoder.h>
#include <PID_v1.h>


// Default connection is using software SPI, but comment and uncomment one of
// the two examples below to switch between software SPI and hardware SPI:

// Example creating a thermocouple instance with software SPI on any three
// digital IO pins.
#define C_BLACK       0x0000
#define C_BLUE        0x001F
#define C_RED         0xF800
#define C_GREEN       0x07E0
#define C_CYAN        0x07FF
#define C_MAGENTA     0xF81F
#define C_YELLOW      0xFFE0
#define C_WHITE       0xFFFF


#define TFT_CS     10
#define TFT_RST    -1
#define TFT_DC      9
#define MAXMISO    12
#define MAXCLK     13 //max31855 nothing else.

#define MAX31855_1 14
#define MAX31855_2 15
#define MAX31855_3 16
#define MAX31855_4 17

SPISettings settingsTFT(25000000, MSBFIRST, SPI_MODE3);
SPISettings SettingsA(5000000, MSBFIRST, SPI_MODE0);

// initialize the Thermocouple
Adafruit_MAX31855 TH1(MAXCLK, MAX31855_1, MAXMISO);

//constructors for TFT without flickering
HX8357_t3n tft = HX8357_t3n(TFT_CS, TFT_DC, TFT_RST);

//flickerfree variables:
float j;
unsigned long StartTime, EndTime;
char str[30];
unsigned long endmicros;  //speed check variables
unsigned long currentmicros;

//arrays for the temperature
float  TC1[12];
float  *pArray_From_TC;
float  pArray_Screen;


//Intervals execution of the various functions
//TFT update:
unsigned long ScreenpreviousMillis = 0;
unsigned long ScreenInterval = 100;//used
//Thermocouple Function update
unsigned long TC_previousMillis = 0;
unsigned long TC_Interval = 1000;//not used
//total update repeat Thermocouple + TFT every Second
unsigned long ValuespreviousMillis = 0;
unsigned long ValuesInterval = 1000;//used

elapsedMillis firstsecond;
elapsedMillis TCmillis;
elapsedMillis TFTmillis;
elapsedMillis Delaymillis;


float TFTscreen(float *pArray_Screen) //Menu 1 //Display
{

//  if (pArray_Screen == nullptr)
//  {
//    Serial.println("TFTSCREEN- NULL pointer Passed!");
//   
//
//    return 0;
//  }
  // get some data
  j += 0.0013;
  currentmicros = micros();
  long value;
  double voltage;
  Serial.println("inside the TFT function");


  tft.setTextColor(C_WHITE, C_BLACK);
  tft.setCursor(0, 20);
  tft.setTextSize(2);
  tft.println(" This is just a test");
  tft.println(" this is just a test ");
  tft.setTextSize(2);

  tft.setTextColor(C_WHITE, C_BLACK);
  tft.setCursor(20, 200);
  tft.print("TempEmag: ");
  Serial.println("pArray_Screen[8]");
  Serial.println(pArray_Screen[8]);
  tft.print(pArray_Screen[8]);

  //  tft.print(j, 2);
  tft.print("    "); // blank out some if new string not as long as previous..
  sprintf(str, "TempEmag: %.2lf\n", pArray_Screen[8]);
  tft.print(str);
  return 0;
}

float *Thermocouples1()
{
  //use this to test the code and the pointers, you dont need to have MAX31855. good idea for debugging
//  for (int i = 0; i < 12; i++) TC1[i] += 0.25;
  if (TH1.readCelsius() < 0) //if temperature is lower than 0   ////Thermocouple 1
  {



    TC1[8] = TH1.readCelsius();
    delay(10);
    TC1[4] = TH1.readInternal();

    if (isnan( TC1[8]))
    {
      Serial.print("Something wrong with Thermocouple ");
    }
    else {
      Serial.print("C = ");
      Serial.println(TC1[8]);
    }
  } else  //this is the 0...500°
  {

    TC1[4] = TH1.readInternal();

    TC1[8] = TH1.readCelsius();
    if (isnan( TC1[8]))
    {
      Serial.print("Something wrong with Thermocouple ");
    }
    else {
      Serial.print("C = ");
      Serial.println(TC1[8]);
    }
    Serial.print("Thermocouples1 Print cArray_TC[8] = ");
    Serial.println(TC1[8]);



  }
  return TC1;
}

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  //SPI CS pins for the MAX31855 need to be set high!
   pinMode(MAX31855_1, OUTPUT); digitalWrite(MAX31855_1, HIGH);
   pinMode(TFT_CS,     OUTPUT); digitalWrite(TFT_CS, HIGH);

  SPI.begin();

  tft.begin();
  tft.setRotation(1);
  tft.fillScreen(C_BLACK);
  tft.fillRect(0, 30, 480, 10, C_RED);
  tft.fillRect(0, 140, 480, 10, C_BLUE);
  uint8_t x = tft.readcommand8(HX8357_RDMODE);
  Serial.print("Display Power Mode: 0x"); Serial.println(x, HEX);
  x = tft.readcommand8(HX8357_RDMADCTL);
  Serial.print("MADCTL Mode: 0x"); Serial.println(x, HEX);
  x = tft.readcommand8(HX8357_RDPIXFMT);
  Serial.print("Pixel Format: 0x"); Serial.println(x, HEX);
  x = tft.readcommand8(HX8357_RDIMGFMT);
  Serial.print("Image Format: 0x"); Serial.println(x, HEX);
  x = tft.readcommand8(HX8357_RDSELFDIAG);
  Serial.print("Self Diagnostic: 0x"); Serial.println(x, HEX);



    if (!TH1.begin())
  {
    while(1);
    Serial.println("Error");
  }



}

void loop()
{
  
  if (TCmillis>=50)

    {
      Thermocouples1();

      TCmillis=TCmillis-50;

    }
    else if (TFTmillis>=255)
    {

      TFTscreen(Thermocouples1());
      TFTmillis=TFTmillis-255;

    }
  
  
 
}

as a new member, please read HOW TO USE THIS FORM it is a sticky post at the to of every forum.

#7 talks about how to post code using code tags.

you can edit your post by the more > modify on the bottom right of it,

adding code tags only takes a minute.

it would seem that reading each thermocouple in is the Theromcouple1 function

printing is also in that same function.

does this print the value of the array properly ?

There are lots of different ways to code,
for me, I would use a for() loop to read each thermocouple.

Then have a TFTscreen() function to print to the screen.

you are going back and forth with printing to the screen, then the monitor. this may contribute to your freeze problem.

I go off the rails when formatting code, doing print statements for my screens, I like my rows bundled.
of course, I have to comment them out /* before and */ after when doing automatic formatting.

tft.setCursor(20, 200); tft.print("TempEmag1: "); tft.print("91.1");
tft.setCursor(40, 200); tft.print("TempEmag2: "); tft.print("92.2");
tft.setCursor(60, 200); tft.print("TempEmag3: "); tft.print("93.3");
tft.setCursor(80, 200); tft.print("TempEmag4: "); tft.print("94.4");

this allows me to see each line and easily move the starting point of the row of text
( assuming it is the first value in setCurosr() and not the second. )

also, I show only fixed numbers, you would want to put in the actual numbers from your array.

Hi Dave thanks for the reply!

could you explain what you mean with back and forth.?

If I comment the part out with the max31855 and let a for loop run in the thermocouples(); the data is written to the screen. But it doesn’t work with the thermocouple. There is no good Tutorial to solve this mystery of one SPI with multiple different devices

Best regards

to solve this mystery of one SPI with multiple different devices

What mystery?

Each device has an activation input called Slave Select, and that must be connected to an Arduino output pin. You can activate and communicate with only one device at a time.

re: "back and forth" don't print to both the serial monitor and the screen. It wastes program and RAM space.

Use the "F macro" to save RAM. It stores the string in program memory.

  tft.println(F(" This is just a test"));